CVR Energy, Inc. (NYSE:CVI) Q4 2015 Earnings Conference Call February 18, 2016 3:00 PM ET
Jay Finks - Vice President, Finance
John Lipinski - Chief Executive Officer and President
Susan Ball - Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
Neil Mehta - Goldman Sachs
Greetings, and welcome to the CVR Energy fourth quarter 2015 conference call. [Operator Instructions] It is now my pleasure to introduce your host, Jay Finks, Vice President of Finance for CVR Energy. Please go ahead, Jay.
Thank you, Kevin, and good afternoon, everyone. We very much appreciate you joining us this afternoon for CVR Energy fourth quarter 2015 earnings call. With me are Jack Lipinski, our Chief Executive Officer; and Susan Ball, our Chief Financial Officer.
Prior to discussing our 2015 fourth quarter results, let me remind you that this conference call may contain forward-looking statements as that term is defined under Federal Securities Laws. For this purpose any statements made during this call that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements, without limiting the foregoing, the words outlook, believes, anticipates, plans, expects and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.
You are cautioned that these statements may be affected by important factors set forth in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and in our latest earnings release. As a result actual operations or results may differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.
This call also includes various non-GAAP financial measures. The disclosures related to such non-GAAP measures, including reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures are included in our 2015 fourth quarter earnings release that we filed with the SEC this morning prior to the open of the market.
With that said, I'll turn the call over to Jack Lipinski, our Chief Executive Officer. Jack?
Thanks, Jay. Good afternoon, everyone, and thank you for joining our call. Hopefully, you had the opportunity to listen to the CVR Partners and CVR Refining fourth quarter earnings calls earlier today.
This morning we reported CVR Energy's fourth quarter consolidated adjusted net loss of $4.3 million or a loss of $0.05 per diluted share, which compares to an adjusted net income of $24.4 million or $0.28 per diluted share in the fourth quarter of 2014. Susan will provide you more details on this during her report.
We also announced today a quarterly cash dividend of $0.50 per share, which will be paid on March 7 to stockholders of record on February 29.
Let me talk a little bit about our business segments and our Petroleum business. CVR Refining's 2015 fourth quarter adjusted EBITDA was $16.4 million as compared to $104.6 million a year ago. CVR Refining's total crude throughput for the fourth quarter was approximately 160,000 barrels a day. Coffeyville processed 77,000 barrels a day, while Wynnewood processed about 83,000 barrels a day.
Impacting CVR Refining results for the fourth quarter were lower realized refining margins and an extended turnaround schedule due to additional mechanical work. This caused the turnaround to go 9 days longer than scheduled and resulted in additional related expenses.
Then, recall, during turnarounds we were not operating optimally and we capture margin -- we don't capture as much margin as you would normally expect from our plants. As a result of lower realized refining margins and the impact of the turnaround, CVR Refining did not declare a fourth quarter distribution.
In our Fertilizers segment, CVR Partners announced 2015 fourth quarter adjusted EBITDA of $28.5 million and that compares to $33.5 million in the fourth quarter a year ago. CVR Partners also declared a 2015 fourth quarter cash distribution of $0.27 per common unit. As CVR Energy owns approximately 53% of the common units of CVR Partners, we will receive a proportional amount of the distribution.
I'll turn the call over to Susan right now. So Susan?
Thank you, Jack, and good afternoon, everyone. Net loss attributable to CVR Energy stockholders was $45 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 as compared to a net loss of $44.4 million in the fourth quarter of last year. Adjusted net loss for the 2015 fourth quarter was $4.3 million or a loss of $0.05 per diluted share as compared to an adjusted net income of $24.4 million or $0.28 per diluted share in the fourth quarter of 2014.
This decrease was primarily due to result of the turnaround activities during the 2015 fourth quarter at the Coffeyville refinery as well as lower realized refining margins of the Petroleum segment. Additionally, the Fertilizers segment was impacted by lower pricing.
We believe adjusted net loss or income is a meaningful metric for analyzing our performance, as it eliminates the impact of non-cash and other unusual items inherent in our business and provides a more transparent view as to market expectations.
The adjustments to net loss during the 2015 fourth quarter to derive the adjusted net loss were adjustments related the major schedule turnaround expense of $84.9 million; unfavorable impacts, as a result of our accounting under first-in first-out or the FIFO inventory accounting method, of $26.6 million; gains on derivatives not settled during the period of $15.5 million; share-based compensation of $3.7 million; and expenses associated with the Rentech Nitrogen merger of $800,000.
The adjustments for the 2014 fourth quarter were an unfavorable FIFO impact of $154.6 million; losses on derivatives not settled during the period of $14.5 million; share-based compensation of $1.5 million; and major schedule turnaround expenses of $1.3 million.
These gross adjustments to net loss are reduced for the portion that's attributable to the non-controlling interest and are further reduced for the net tax impact associated with them. The fourth quarter of 2015 effective tax rate was approximately 21% as compared to 23% in the fourth quarter of 2014.
I will now turn to the specific performance of our two business segments impacting our overall quarterly results. As Jack mentioned earlier, CVR Refining's adjusted EBITDA for the 2015 fourth quarter was $16.4 million as compared to $104.6 million in the same period in 2014.
The decrease in adjusted EBITDA over the period was primarily driven by the first phase turnaround activities at the Coffeyville refinery during the fourth quarter in 2015 as well as lower realized refining margins during the period. In the fourth quarter 2015, CVR Refining's realized refining margin adjusted for FIFO was $8.96 per barrel as compared to $11.28 in the same quarter of 2014.
The NYMEX 2-1-1 crack spread averaged $14 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2015 as compared to $16.97 per barrel in the same period of 2014. The PADD II Group 3 2-1-1 crack spread averaged $13.91 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2015 as compared to $17.27 in the fourth quarter of 2014.
Now, turning to our Fertilizer segment. As mentioned earlier, CVR Partners fourth quarter adjusted EBITDA was $28.5 million as compared to $33.5 million in the same period last year. The decrease in adjusted EBITDA over the period was primarily driven by lower pricing for UAN and lower sales of Ammonia. Partially offsetting the overall decrease for the period were higher UAN sales volumes. The partnership announced a 2015 fourth quarter cash distribution of $0.27 per common unit, with approximately $10.5 million of this will be paid to CVR Energy.
Our financial position remain strong as we ended the quarter with cash and cash equivalents of approximately $765.1 million on a consolidated basis. This included $50 million held at CVR Partners and $187.3 million of cash at CVR Refining. As such CVR Energy held cash of $527.8 million as of December 31, 2015.
CVR Energy has no debt, exclusive of the debt that resides at CVR Refining and CVR Partners. Total consolidated debt, including current portions as of December 31 was approximately $673.5 million.
With that, Jack, I will turn the call back over to you.
Thank you, Susan. I have nothing more at this point. I'd like to thank each of you for joining us on the call today. Again, I hope you joined us on the earlier calls for CVR Partners and CVR Refining.
And with that, operator, we're now ready for Q&A.
[Operator Instructions] Our first question today is come from Neil Mehta from Goldman Sachs.
One follow-up, as it relates specifically to CVI. So what's the right amount of cash in your mind to have on the balance sheet that sits up at the parent in terms of what's the appropriate level of cash that you're managing to?
Well, the cash is used for a couple of reasons. One, it supports the CapEx or revolver at CVR Refining. Simply we use that cash to backstop a note at CVR Partners. Susan can give you a little more detail on that, when I'm done. And then, ultimately, it has been our goal and remains our goal to use CVR Energy as an acquisition vehicle. So keeping dry powder around is very helpful.
While Partners had a very good this quarter and Refining did not, but again we were in turnaround. Last year we had a very good year, we built cash. The Board felt comfortable in maintaining the dividend. We still have a growth profile that we're looking at. We're just looking for opportunities, and we really believe with this downturn in business is when the opportunities will avail themselves to us.
To that, Neil, as Jack mentioned, Coffeyville Resources, as a wholly-owned subsidiary of CVR Energy, did provide a guarantee for the term debt at CVR Partners that comes due in April of 2016. So again, CVR Energy does maintain cash to help support the underlying MLPs when needed. That $125 million is available there should CVR Partners draw on that. And the term of that note would be the lesser of a two-year period or such time as CVR Partners obtains its own financing.
Additionally, last August, when the merger were announced, CVR Partners announced the merger with Rentech, CVR Energy also did provide a commitment of $150 million to support the cash that will be due at the time of closing for that merger, to the unit holders, as well as to pay off any revolver due at that time.
And to just be very clear, the intent here is not to loan money to partners. We are in the midst of the merger with Rentech, and we're just trying to find the -- not be pressured by bad markets into doing a recap of that company. And this is one of the benefits of having CVR Energy sitting up there with cash to backstop what we're doing. And it takes the time pressure off of anything that's going on.
So what's the right amount of money, I think we're probably at the right level that we have enough to do different things with our different businesses and still maintain a dividend. Now, again, I will say that the dividend is a quarterly call by the Board of Directors, but last year we had a very good year and we built cash and felt comfortable maintaining the dividend.
That kind of leads me into my second question, which is on the dividend. And obviously, this is a call from the Board of the Directors, but how do you think about the $2 a share a year, $0.50 a quarter and whether that's the appropriate level? Obviously, there was an adjustment last year. And then the follow-up is on the special dividend. Again, recognizing it's a call from the Board of Directors, but just any thoughts there on the potential for a special in the future?
Well, special dividends have usually been on the tail of the secondary, and the markets are just in turmoil right now. So I'm not saying we wouldn't do a sale, but selling stock at any of the underlying subs at these levels just is not particularly attractive. Maintaining the dividend on the other hand is -- we came off of a couple of exceptional years, particularly when the Brent-TI differentials were very, very wide.
We narrowed the dividend to $0.50 a quarter, $2 a year, thinking on a run rate basis that was probably very sustainable. We're going through a rough patch right now, but it's a geopolitical rough patch, it's not something that I believe is completely fundamental, because when prices return to more normal levels, the world will balance out again.
And we have Coffeyville, which arguably is one of the best refineries of its size and complexity in the country, it has very high margin capture, very high complexity, and the ability to run different crudes. Wynnewood, we've put a lot of money into, and again, it's a little bit smaller and a little less complex, but it's been a very profitable plan. So we don't make our decisions based on quarter-to-quarter as much as you might think. We're thinking longer-term that at least in my view a $2 dividend might very well be sustainable. But we pray to the margin gods everyday.
We have reached the end of our question-and-answer session. I'd like to turn the floor back over to management for any further or closing comments.
End of Q&A
Thank you, Kevin. I'd like to thank everyone for listening to our conference call today. As a reminder, our conference call along with CVR Refining and CVR Partners will be available for the replay over the next 14 days. Please visit our website cvrenergy.com or contact Investor Relations for additional information. Thank you.
That does conclude today's program. You may disconnect your lines at this time and have a wonderful day. We thank you for your participation today.
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