The company operates in the security consulting, third-party integration and managed services sectors, which are all growing rapidly in a significant threat environment.
We are awaiting final terms of the IPO, but I'm favorably inclined toward the opportunity despite the company's high debt load.
Optiv is the result of a 2015 merger between Accuvant and FishNet. The combined company provides a suite of cyber security assessment, strategy, managed services and consulting to enterprises.
The two companies reported very little customer overlap as an important justification for the merger.
The CEO is Dan Burns, who co-founded predecessor company Accuvant in 2002. The Chief Security Officer is Jason Clark, who was previously chief security and strategy officer for Websense.
The company is majority owned by private equity firm Blackstone (58.5% pre-IPO) which backed Accuvant, Investcorp (24.6%), which backed FishNet, and Sverica (7.2%) which backed Accuvant, as additional institutional shareholders. CEO Dan Burns owns 2.19%.
Optiv provides a range of consultative solutions to enterprises facing cyber security threats.
The company has two reportable segments: Security Technology and Security Services
- Client needs analysis
- Product evaluation and testing
- Product procurement
- Security vendor management
- Implementation and integration
- Security consulting
- Security operations
- Managed security services
- Incident response
- Support services
- Strategic staffing
So, the company acts as a consultant, integrator and manager of enterprise information security needs to the degree that each enterprise needs.
Optiv says it has "served over 7,5000 clients over the past three years." In addition, it touts its deepening relationships with customers, stating that "Over the six years ended September 30, 2016, on average, our returning clients have spent nearly twice as much with us in the second year of our relationship."
Since its formation in early 2015, Optiv has acquired three companies for a total consideration of $39 million:
- Advancive - Identity and access management
- Evantix - SaaS application for managing third-party risk
- Adaptive - InfoSec solutions integrator in Northeast U.S.
According to a 2016 research report by Grand View Research on the Managed Security Services market, it expects the market size to exceed $60 billion worldwide.
Below is a breakdown of the managed security services market by geographic area:
(Source: Grand View Research)
The industry growth of 16.5% CAGR from 2016 to 2024 will be driven by an increased BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) trend as companies continue to decentralize their employee and contractor bases.
Notably, small and medium-sized enterprise are expected to grow the fastest, representing a CAGR of over 17.5%. The report cites the staffing challenges of SMBs in finding employees capable of handling increasingly complex cyber threats.
Also, the Asia-Pacific region is expected to be the fastest growing region, at a 19% CAGR over the nine-year period.
Competitors in the managed security and services market include:
- Dell SecureWorks
- IBM (NYSE:IBM)
- Symantec (NASDAQ:SYMC)
- Verizon Communications (NYSE:VZ)
- Trustwave Holdings
- CSC (NYSE:CSC)
- AT&T (NYSE:T)
- NTT (NYSE:NTT)
- BT (NYSE:BT)
- Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co. (NYSE:HPE)
Optiv's recent financial results can be summarized as follows:
- Uneven revenues due to "pushdown accounting" treatment in 2014; most recently a 4.4% decline so far in 2016
- Increasing gross margin
- Wide swings in cash flows and/or use
Below are the company's operational results for the past one and ¾ years (Audited GAAP):
(Source: Optiv S-1 Filing)
- To Q3 2016: $644 million, 4.4% decrease vs. prior
- 2015: $947 million
- 2014: $405 million
Note: The company says "pro-forma" 2015 YoY revenue increased by 134% vs. 2014.
- To Q3 2016: 37%
- 2015: 31.5%
- 2014: 29%
Cash Flow from Operations
- To Q3 2016: $33 million cash flow from operations
- 2015: $35.7 million cash used
- 2014: $24.9 cash flow
As of September 30, 2016, the company had $15.3 million in cash, $328.5 million in accounts receivable, $366 million in current liabilities and $689 million in long-term liabilities.
The long-term liabilities are likely a result of debt taken on to effect the merger of Accuvant and FishNet to create Optiv in early 2015.
Optiv intends to raise $100 million per its S-1 filing, although an item by IPO Renaissance indicates the IPO could be as high as $200 million.
The company says it will use the IPO proceeds to "repay a portion of our outstanding indebtedness and the remainder, if any, for general corporate purposes."
It did not say how much of the roughly $1.055 billion in current and long-term liabilities it would repay.
The company also did not state an expected price range for the shares nor how many shares would be offered or outstanding after the offering.
The lead left underwriter was not disclosed, but Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs, Barclays and Citi are bookrunners on the offering.
Majority owner Blackstone has been angling to monetize its stake in Optiv.
A Bloomberg report in April 2016 indicated that Blackstone was preparing to either sell or IPO Optiv at a value believed to be $2 billion at the time.
The original merger between Accuvant and FishNet appears to be a sound move since there was little overlap in their respective customer bases.
However, the combined firm has in excess of $1 billion in short-term and long-term liabilities.
While revenues are approaching $1 billion and gross margins are healthy and growing, given recent macroeconomic developments, it is likely that the cost of debt service will rise in the near future, increasing the need for Optiv to improve its balance sheet.
I'm bullish on the managed security services sector as I agree with management that increasing complexity means that both small and mid-sized firms are having a hard time guarding against threats due to the increased threat environment and the difficulty in finding and retaining InfoSec talent.
We don't yet know the final terms of the offering, but Optiv is operating in a rapidly growing sector with a compelling offering. It's hard to mess that up.
I'll provide an update when we know more details about the IPO terms.
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