The Dividend Dogs Rule
The "dog" moniker was earned by stocks exhibiting three traits: (1) paying reliable, repeating dividends, (2) their prices fell to where (3) yield (dividend/price) grew higher than their peers. Thus, the highest yielding stocks in any collection became known as "dogs." More specifically, these are, in fact, best called, "underdogs."
FTSE Russell states:
"Using a rules-based and transparent process, Russell forms its indexes by listing all companies in descending order by market capitalization adjusted for float, which is the actual number of shares available for trading. In the United States, the top 3,000 stocks (those of the 3,000 largest companies) make up the broad-market Russell 3000 Index. The top 1,000 of those companies make up the large-cap Russell 1000 Index, and the bottom 2,000 (the smallest companies) make up the small-cap Russell 2000 Index."
Which Sectors Are "Safe" For The Russell 2000 Index?
Five of eleven Morningstar sectors were represented by the 23 R2K firms whose dividends were bolstered by adequate cash as of February 22. The sector representation broke-out, thus: Financial Services (4); Real Estate (14); Industrials (2); Consumer Cyclical (2); Healthcare (1); Communication Services (0); Technology (0); Consumer Defensive (0); Utilities (0); Energy (0); Basic Materials (0).
Top ten R2K "safe" dogs showing the widest safety margin of cash to cover dividends by this screen as of February 22 represented the first three sectors on the list above.
Russell 2000 Index Firms With "Safe" Dividends
Periodic Safety Inspection
You see grouped below the list of 23 that passed the R2K index dog "safety" check with sufficient annual cash flow yield to cover their anticipated annual dividend yield. The margin of excess is shown in the bold face "Safety Margin" column.
Corporate financial solvency however is readily overturned by a spendthrift or tightwad board of directors promoting company policies canceling or varying the payout of dividends to shareholders. On the list above, for example, Orchid Island Capital (ORC) slashed an $0.18 monthly dividend to $0.14 s of July 23, 2015. Similarly, Dynex Capital (DX) has scaled down dividends the last four years. October 3, 2013 DX reduced its $.29 quarterly shareholder payout to $0.27, then April 2, 2014 cut it to $0.25, and April 1, 2015 cranked the payout down to $0.24, and March 30, 2016 sliced the quarterly payout to $0.21. What will spring of 2017 bring? Finally, RAIT Financial Trust (RAS), brought its distribution down 50% as of January, 2016 from $0.18 per share per quarter to $0.09.
In fairness, all three examples were REITs whose dividends are tied to net profit per U.S. tax law.
Three additional columns of financial data, listed after the Safety Margin figures above, reveal payout ratios (lower is better), total annual returns, and dividend growth levels for each stock. This data is provided to reach beyond yield to select reliable payout stocks. Positive results in all five columns after the dividend ratio is remarkable as a solid financial signal.
Dividend vs. Price Compared to Dow
Ten top "safe" R2K Index dividend dog stocks by yield were graphed below as of 2/22/17 and compared to those of the Dow. Annual dividend amounts from $1000 invested in each of the ten highest yielding stocks and their aggregate single share price created the data points shown in green for price and blue for dividends.
Actionable Conclusions: (1) Top Russell 2000 Index Dog Dividend Exceeds Price 92% While (2) Dow Dogs Price Exceeds Dividend 70%
Ten top "Safe" R2K Index dogs aggregate single share price for top ten yielding dogs was 8% of the dividend derived from $10k invested as $1k in each of the top ten stocks.
Meanwhile, Dow dogs aggregate single share price for top ten yielding dogs was 70% of the dividend derived from $10k invested as $1k in each of the top ten stocks.
As a result, the Dow dogs overbought condition (where aggregate single share price of the ten exceeded projected annual dividend from $10k invested) shows as a huge pricing disadvantage for new investors seeking long-term income.
The Overbought Dow
The Dow Dogs remain overbought and overpriced. Meaning, these are low risk and low opportunity Dow dogs. The Dow top ten average price per dollar of annual dividend was $28.30 February 22.
In sharp contrast to the Dow, "Safe" R2K dividend dog top ten average price per dollar of annual dividend was $8.09 as of 2/22/17. That's about 29% of the price per dollar of Dow annual dividends.
Matched against top ten Dow Dogs, the "safe" R2K ten produced 337% more dividend returns at 13% of the top ten Dow Dog aggregate single share price.
To quantify top dog rankings, analyst mean price target estimates provided a "market sentiment" gauge of upside potential. Added to the simple high yield "dog" metric, analyst mean price target estimates provided another tool to dig out bargains.
Actionable Conclusion (3): Wall St. Wizards Forecast A 9.85% 1 yr. Average Upside and 19.36% Net Gain From the Top 30 "Safe" Russell 2000 Index Stocks
Top dogs on the "Safe" R2K stock list were graphed above to compare relative strengths by dividend and price as of February 22, 2017 with those projected by analyst mean price target estimates to the same date in 2018.
Historic prices and actual dividends paid from $10,000 invested as $1K in each of the ten highest yielding stocks and the aggregate single share prices of those ten stocks created the data points applied to 2017. Projections based on estimated increases in dividend amounts from $1000 invested in the ten highest yielding stocks and aggregate one year analyst mean target prices as reported by Yahoo Finance created the 2018 data points in blue for dividend and green for price. Note: one year target prices from one analyst were usually not applied (n/a).
Analysts projected an 6% lower dividend from $10K invested as $1k in the top ten February R2K "Safe" dogs while aggregate single share price was projected to increase by 3.2% in the coming year.
The number of analysts contributing to the mean target price estimate for each stock was noted in the next to the last column on the above chart. Three to nine analysts were considered optimal for a valid projection estimate. Estimates provided by one analyst were usually not applied (n/a).
A beta (risk) ranking for each stock was provided in the far right column. A beta of 1 meant the stock's price would move with the market. Less than 1 showed lower than market movement. Higher than 1 showed greater than market movement. A negative beta number indicated the degree of a stock price movement opposed to market direction.
Actionable Conclusion (4): Analysts Predicted Top Ten Russell 2000 Index "Safe" Dog Stocks to Net 14% to 73.6% Gains By February, 2018
Only three of the ten top "safe" dividend R2K dogs (tinted gray in the chart above) were verified as being among the Top ten gainers for the coming year based on analyst 1 year target prices. Thus the dog strategy for this R2K group as graded by analyst estimates for February proved just 30% accurate.
Ten probable profit generating trades were illustrated by YCharts analytics for 2018:
Overseas Shipholding Group (OSG) netted $736.00 per estimates from two analysts, plus dividends less broker fees. A Beta number was not available for OSG.
PDL BioPharma (PDLI) netted $690.53 based on estimates from three analysts plus dividends less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 44% less than the market as a whole.
Stein Mart (SMRT) netted $404.73 based on aq median target price from three analysts combined with projected annual dividend less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 41% more than the market as a whole.
Orchid Island Capital (ORC) netted $267.85 based on dividends plus the median of annual price estimates from one analyst less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 35% less than the market as a whole.
CBL & Associates (CBL) netted $241.66 based on mean target price estimates from sixteen analysts plus dividends less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 28% more than the market as a whole.
New Media Investment Group (NEWM) netted $234.93 based on target price estimates from three analysts, plus dividends less broker fees. A Beta number was not available for NEWM.
Fifth Street Asset Mgmt (OTC:FSAM) netted $230.00, based on dividends plus target price estimates from two analysts plus dividends with broker fees subtracted. A Beta number was not available for FSAM.
Navios Maritime (NNA) netted $209.95, based on dividend, plus a median target price estimate from seven analysts, less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 50% more than the market as a whole.
MTGE Investment (MTGE) netted $183.70 based on median target estimates from eight analysts, plus dividends, less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 56% less than the market as a whole.
Select Income REIT (SIR) netted $142.09 based on dividends plus median target price estimate from six analysts less broker fees. The Beta number showed this estimate subject to volatility 34% less than the market as a whole.
Average net gain in dividend and price was 33.4% on $1k invested in each of these ten "Safe" R2K dogs. This gain estimate was subject to average volatility 17% less than the market as a whole.
Dog Metrics Found Bargains From Lowest Priced "Safe" Dividend Russell 2000 Index Stocks
Ten "Safe" R2K firms with the biggest yields February 22 per YCharts data ranked themselves by yield as follows:
Actionable Conclusions: (6) Analysts Predicted 5 Lowest Priced, of Ten "Safe" Dividend High Yield Russell 2000 Index Dogs, To Deliver 13.67% VS. (7) 13.21% Net Gains from All Ten by February, 2018
$5000 invested as $1k in each of the five lowest priced stocks in the "safe" ten R2K pack by yield were determined by analyst 1 year targets to deliver 3.32% more net gain than $5,000 invested as $.5k in all ten. The fifth lowest priced safe dividend R2K dog, Orchid Island Capital (ORC), showed the best net gain of 26.78% per analyst targets.
Lowest priced five "safe" R2K dogs as of February 22 were: Navios Maritime (NNA); RAIT Financial Trust (RAS); Dynex Capital (DX); CYS Investments (CYS); Orchid Island Capital, with prices ranging from $1.87 to $10.04.
Higher priced five "Safe" Dividend R2K Index dogs as of February 22 were: CBL & Associates (CBL); Arlington Asset Investment (AI); Invesco Mortgage Capital (IVR); New Residential Investment (NRZ); AG Mortgage Investment (MITT), with prices ranging from $10.51 to $17.85.
This distinction between five low priced dividend dogs and the general field of ten reflects the "basic method" Michael B. O'Higgins employed for beating the Dow. The added scale of projected gains based on analyst targets contributed a unique element of "market sentiment" gauging upside potential. It provided a here and now equivalent of waiting a year to find out what might happen in the market. Its also the work analysts got paid big bucks to do.
Caution is advised, however, as analysts are historically 20% to 80% accurate on the direction of change and about 0% to 20% accurate on the degree of the change.
The net gain estimates mentioned above did not factor-in any foreign or domestic tax problems resulting from distributions. Consult your tax advisor regarding the source and consequences of "dividends" from any investment.
Stocks listed above were suggested only as possible starting points for your safe dividend S&P500 dog stock research process. These were not recommendations.
One of these Russell 2000 Index dividend pups qualified as a great catch! Find it among the now 52 Dogs of the Week (DOTW)I or among 27 DOTWII found on The Dividend Dog Catcher premium site. Click here to subscribe or get more information.
It's about time to make investing fun again. For a free copy of the monthly top dogs, the quarterly winners, and the dog of the year and runners-up from the 52 Dogs of the Week (DOTW) I portfolio, plus a glimpse at the top dogs in DOTW II, send your e-mail address, ticker symbol for your favorite dividend stock, and name of your favorite team of any sport or activity to: email@example.com, or click "send message" below my name under the headline above this article. Remember: E-mail, ticker, team!
Root for the Underdog.
Disclaimer: This article is for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed to constitute investment advice. Nothing contained herein shall constitute a solicitation, recommendation or endorsement to buy or sell any security. Prices and returns on equities in this article except as noted are listed without consideration of fees, commissions, taxes, penalties, or interest payable due to purchasing, holding, or selling same.
Graphs and charts were compiled by Rydlun & Co., LLC from data derived from www.ycharts. com; www.finance.yahoo.com; analyst mean target price by Thomson/First Call in Yahoo Finance. Dog photo from: wonderwall.co.uk.
Disclosure: I am/we are long ARR, CSCO, GE, PFE, VZ.
I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.