A rate hike at next month's Fed policy meeting is still considered unlikely, but the probability of a surprise is creeping higher, based on Fed funds futures data.
The crowd is currently pricing in a 31% probability that the Federal Reserve will lift its policy rate from the current 0.50-0.75% range to 0.75-1.0% at the FOMC meeting on March 13-14, based on CME data as of February 27. That's up from an 18% estimate of a rate hike a week ago.
By some estimates, the odds of a rate hike in March are even higher. "According to Bloomberg's world interest rate probability tool, which uses Fed Funds futures data, the March rate hike probability is now up to 52% - up from 34% a week ago and 40% on Friday," MarketWatch reports. "The Fed has typically been viewed as reluctant to raise interest rates unless market-based expectations rise above a 50% threshold."
A factor that's moved expectations is yesterday's speech by Dallas Fed President Rob Kaplan, who said another rate hike may be near. Clarifying his comment, Kaplan - a voting member of the FOMC - told reporters that "sooner rather than later means in the near future."
Mohamed El-Erian, the chief economic adviser at Allianz SE and chairman of the President's Global Development Council, notes that "rate sentiment was further influenced by signals from the White House that President Donald Trump's first budget would include a substantial and 'historic' increase in defense spending of $54 billion."
President Trump is scheduled to address Congress tonight, and analysts will be listening for clues about plans to roll out new infrastructure spending, which is expected to deliver a reflationary boost to the economy.
Moving expectations of a rate hike higher "is what the Fed wanted," explains Peter Boockvar, chief market analyst at The Lindsey Group. "Now, the Fed may not raise, but they wanted at least the flexibility to do it."
From the perspective of the Treasury market, however, sentiment hasn't changed much relative to recent history. The policy sensitive 2-year yield rose to 1.20% yesterday (February 27), based on daily data via Treasury.gov, but that's a middling rate relative to this month's trading.
But with expectations for a firmer pace of economic growth in this year's first quarter, no one's willing to dismiss the possibility that the Fed may lift rates in March. The Atlanta Fed's revised estimate of Q1 growth inched up to 2.5% (as of February 27), based on the bank's GDPNow model - a modest improvement over the sluggish 1.9% increase in last year's Q4. The New York Fed's estimate for Q1 growth is even stronger at 3.1% (as of February 24).
Meantime, the government today will update its GDP data for 2016's Q4, and economists are looking for a slight bump in growth to 2.1% (via Econoday.com's consensus forecast) versus 1.9% in the initial estimate. If the forecast is right, the upgrade may boost confidence that the Fed is considering a rate hike in March.