Apple's iPhone 8 Dilemma
- A much higher bill of materials is projected for the iPhone 8 which will put pressure on Apple to increase pricing.
- However, it will have to deal with a saturated market and rapidly growing Chinese OEM players like Oppo and Vivo.
- Apple’s management will need to do a balancing act with its iPhone pricing while its true brand power will be revealed.
The next iteration of the iPhone will also be the 10 year anniversary of Apple's (NASDAQ:AAPL) first highly successful iPhone. The iPhone now contributes close to two-thirds of Apple's total revenue. In order to meet investor and consumer anticipation, Apple needs to deliver improved functionalities with the new iPhone 8. And as a result, the company's bill of materials (or BOM) will likely get pushed significantly higher.
This is not entirely surprising in an increasingly competitive market. Even the Samsung S8 recently saw a 16% increase in BOM (from $264.16 to $307.50) compared to its S7. Last year, the iPhone 7's BOM came in at $224.80 which was 20% higher than the iPhone 6S' BOM.
However, Apple now has less leverage when trying to pass through its component costs to the end consumer due to a more competitive market - specifically in China. So simply increasing the average selling price (or ASP) may no longer be an option for Apple.
But how much will the iPhone 8's BOM really increase?
iPhone 8's Expected Cost Increase
When looking at component prices, UBS recently estimated that the bill of materials for the iPhone 8 is going to be substantially higher than last year.
The components listed above show a cost increase of $71. The BOM of iPhone 7 was $224.80 and a bit higher for the plus model. Hence, BOM for iPhone 8 can easily be in the range of $300 to $325 and would represent at least a 30% increase.
Will the incremental cost be worth it? In this iteration, Apple will try to move ahead of other smartphone makers in terms of innovation and functionalities. But how much increased functionality will it actually provide? Apple has had difficulty being truly innovative as noted in this recent Huffington Post article.
A higher budget for components will help Apple improve certain features. However, it will also require the company to increase the iPhone's selling price if it wants to maintain its industry leading margins.
Apple's EBITDA margins vs technology peers: Western Digital (WDC), HP Inc. (HPQ), Hewlett Packard (HPE) and NetApp (NTAP).
iPhone Price Cannot Increase Substantially Without Hurting Sales
In the last holiday quarter, the average selling price for iPhones increased to $693 as more customers preferred the higher priced plus model. In comparison, many Wall Street analysts have suggested that Apple might be selling the iPhone 8 for over $1,000. This is a huge price increase from previous versions of the iPhone. Especially when considering Apple also faces a saturated market in developed economies and declining sales in China where new players like Oppo and Vivo have increased their market share at a rapid pace.
Both Oppo and Vivo have launched a number of models (e.g. Oppo R9) with premium components in the $400 to $500 range. If Apple sells its iPhone 8 at more than twice the cost of these models, it will negatively impact the demand in China and other emerging markets even further.
However, some of the most optimistic estimates forecast that Apple will sell their iPhone 8 at an average price of $750. That would imply Apple will be eating most of the incremental $71 component costs (when compared to the current $693 average selling price). This would ultimately hurt the company's margins going forward.
On the flip side, a higher average selling price will also likely hurt demand. Current estimates forecast that Apple will deliver 242 million iPhone shipments in fiscal year 2017 which would be a sizable jump from the 212 million units sold last year. This could be an aggressive forecast since the higher iPhone 8 pricing would likely reduce demand and make it more difficult for Apple to meet the market's expectations.
The charts below illustrate exactly how Wall Street expects this dilemma to play out.
Wall Street expects Apple's total revenues to grow 5.2% in 2017 followed by 9.8% in 2018. Sales are expected to increase due to higher demand from a lower average selling price. However, EBITDA margins are expected to decline going forward as Apple is not able to pass through the incremental component costs.
Apple's management will need to do a balancing act when pricing the iPhone models for the next several years.
Apple's Stock Appropriately Valued
At this time last year, Apple was one of our 10 most undervalued stocks on the Nasdaq. Since then, shares of Apple have increased by over 50%.
However, the stock now looks appropriately valued when applying the previously mentioned forecast into twelve finbox.io valuation models.
While a huge chunk of Apple's revenue comes directly from iPhone sales, other fast growing segments like Services are dependent on the iPhone. In the next few months Apple's brand power and innovation will be tested. In the meantime, the market appears to be pricing Apple's shares correctly.
Investors should expect the stock to stay near its current price until further data about iPhone 8 sales paint a clearer picture on future profitability.
This article was written by
Analyst’s Disclosure: I am/we are long AAPL. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.
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