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Regulation Is Killing Community Banks - Public Banks Can Revive Them

Nov. 02, 2017 5:00 PM ETKRE, KBE, IAT, KBWB, QABA, KBWR, DPST, WDRW, FTXO6 Comments
Ellen Brown profile picture
Ellen Brown

Crushing regulations are driving small banks to sell out to the megabanks, a consolidation process that appears to be intentional. Publicly-owned banks can help avoid that trend and keep credit flowing in local economies.

At his confirmation hearing in January 2017, Treasury Secretary Stephen Mnuchin said, "regulation is killing community banks." If the process is not reversed, he warned, we could "end up in a world where we have four big banks in this country." That would be bad for both jobs and the economy. "I think that we all appreciate the engine of growth is with small and medium-sized businesses," said Mnuchin. "We're losing the ability for small and medium-sized banks to make good loans to small and medium-sized businesses in the community, where they understand those credit risks better than anybody else."

The number of US banks with assets under $100 million dropped from 13,000 in 1995 to under 1,900 in 2014. The regulatory burden imposed by the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act exacerbated this trend, with community banks losing market share at double the rate during the four years after 2010 as in the four years before. But the number had already dropped to only 2,625 in 2010. What happened between 1995 and 2010?

Six weeks after September 11, 2001, the 1,100 page Patriot Act was dropped on congressional legislators, who were required to vote on it the next day. The Patriot Act added provisions to the 1970 Bank Secrecy Act that not only expanded the federal government's wiretapping and surveillance powers but outlawed the funding of terrorism, imposing greater scrutiny on banks and stiff criminal penalties for non-compliance. Banks must now collect and verify customer-provided information, check names of customers against lists of known or suspected terrorists, determine risk levels posed by customers, and report suspicious persons, organizations and transactions.

This article was written by

Ellen Brown profile picture
Ellen Brown is an attorney, president of the Public Banking Institute, and the author of twelve books. Shedeveloped her research skills as an attorney practicing civil litigation in Los Angeles. In "Web of Debt," she turned those skills to an analysis of the Federal Reserve and “the money trust.” She showed how this private cartel has usurped the power to create money from the people themselves, and how we the people can get it back. In "The Public Bank Solution," her latest book, she explores the public banking model globally and historically as an equitable and efficient solution to our banking woes. Her earlier books focused on the pharmaceutical cartel that gets its power from “the money trust.” They include "Forbidden Medicine," "Nature’s Pharmacy" (co-authored with Dr. Lynne Walker), and "The Key to Ultimate Health" (co-authored with Dr. Richard Hansen). Her websites are www.webofdebt.com, www.publicbanksolution.com and www.ellenbrown.com.

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