While individuals must prepare financially for retirement, they also must be mentally prepared. After working full-time so many years, how are they going to occupy their time?
For part of my career I worked with an employee named Mick. He had worked at the same place for 25 years. Every week for almost 5 years, he reminded me how much he was looking forward to retiring. His day finally arrived and Mick was able to retire. About a year after his retirement, I saw him at a social function and asked him how he was enjoying retirement. His answer shocked me, as he stated it was the worst decision he ever made. Mick was a real people person at work. He was in constant contact with fellow employees all day long and enjoyed interacting with them. He also had no hobbies and did not volunteer with any non-profit organizations. While he was financially prepared, he was not mentally prepared for the adjustment. Retirement does not always equate to happiness!
I have always been fascinated by real estate. When I first graduated from college back in the early 1990s, I was fortunate enough to not have any debt and owned a small car that was paid off. However, due to my lower salary, I could not afford to buy a decent house as interest rates then were close to 8%. However, after looking at a number of properties, I found one that I could finally afford thanks to an excellent real estate agent that was working with me.
It was a side-by-side duplex that cost $72,000. The payment with interest, taxes and insurance was going to be $585 per month, which was more than I could afford. However, the other side of the duplex paid me $400 in rent and they paid all of the utilities, leaving me with a net payment of $185 per month. This I was able to afford, even though it was an old house and nothing fancy. My basic understanding of real estate and how to manage properties has helped me over the past 25 years to evaluate investments. If I was not able to collect the rent, then I would not have been able to make the mortgage payment. Real estate is always a powerful tool to help build equity and generally is a good investment. Over the next several years, I continued to purchase additional properties that were all side-by-side duplexes. It does take time to manage real estate and I sold those properties off about 10 years ago and used the proceeds to fund my retirement nest egg.
With my upcoming retirement in the next year, these are the activities that will consume much of my time:
Hopefully, through networking at some of my volunteer activities, I will continue to find ways to serve the local community. There are reading programs at my local library and I would be glad to assist with these educational activities as well.
Retirees must also be prepared for inflation in the future, especially if retirement can be expected to last for 30 years. While my annual income of $43,000 should be sufficient for now, the buying power of those funds will be diminished 10 years from now. Therefore, I must make prudent investments with the $600,000 remaining in my IRA/457 accounts.
These investments have already been mentioned in my first article. My retirement account owns many of the same securities, but also owns some additional names.
While my portfolio is primarily focused on income, there is a smaller portion of my IRA/457 account allocated to common stocks. Normally, I like higher yielding common stocks that I believe have little risk of their dividend being reduced. However, based on the latest earnings of GNL, their dividend does not appear to be covered by FFO (Funds From Operations) and current pricing on the security indicates investors may think the dividend will need to be cut. My portfolio of common stocks includes the following securities:
As you will see from the above selection, my portfolio is heavily weighted towards REIT common stocks. However, I believe the dividend and future growth of these securities should provide my portfolio with a decent return.
While many investors may prefer bond mutual funds, there are certain times when purchasing individual bonds makes economic sense. Please note that when investing in corporate bonds, they normally trade for $1,000 each and there is often a minimum purchase amount of 5 bonds. Several of the corporate bonds I hold in my account include the following:
This was mentioned in my past article, but will refer to the UIC again. I find it to be a good opportunity and have now allocated $50,000 in my IRA account to this alternative investment. They are also open to Roth IRAs. While I generally prefer their longer term investments, you can also get a 3% return on a two-year note secured by their appliance dollies. However, I prefer their longer term investments with real estate and a higher yield. I recently invested in a 20-year note secured by real estate at an interest rate 6.95%.
My retirement plan does not have a defined benefit pension and no Social Security benefits until I am in my mid-60s. Therefore, my plan is dependent upon the performance of my assets. I’ll need to review Investor Presentations and SEC filings for many of my larger investments. However, this is a task I enjoy and find both interesting and relaxing at the same time. It is my expectation that I will spend 10-15 hours per week performing this review due to the fact that 99% of my portfolio is invested in individual securities. After many years of looking at investment newsletters and magazines, I have found the following resources to be the most effective, and efficient.
The last part of my financial plan includes estimating the value of my IRA/457 plan 10 years from now, when I will be able to withdraw my funds without the 10% penalty that I would incur if the funds were withdrawn before age 59 ½. Just to note, funds in my 457 plan can actually be drawn out now without the 10% penalty. However, I will not be touching those funds as I want the plan to grow and distributions would also increase my Adjusted Gross Income. The estimated value of my $600,000 in funds will be calculated by using the RULE OF 72.
Per the definition from Wikipedia, the Rule of 72 is defined as:
In finance, the rule of 72, the rule of 70 and the rule of 69.3 are methods for estimating an investment's doubling time. The rule number (e.g., 72) is divided by the interest percentage per period (usually years) to obtain the approximate number of periods required for doubling.
While I do own a small amount of common stocks, the majority of my portfolio is in preferred stocks, baby bonds and corporate bonds. The average yield on the portfolio is slightly over 7%. Therefore, dividing 72 by 7, means that my portfolio should just about double in 10.29 years. At age 60, I expect in theory, the portfolio should be worth $1.2 million. Assuming the funds still earn 7% at this point in time, I can expect to be able to withdraw $84,000 a year without ever touching a dime of principal once I turn age 60. In addition, I should be able to draw Social Security benefits at about age 65.
Earlier in my career, I worked for a great CPA and he taught me many things about taxes, financial planning and auditing. It remains a possibility that I would work with him again on a part-time basis. However, I would need to do some tax planning so that my AGI does not get above $30,000 per year, which may cause me to lose the ACA health insurance subsidy. His office offers a SIMPLE IRA plan that would allow me to defer $12,500 a year in income, plus another $3,000 when I hit 50 years of age. This is the perfect solution for me as it allows me to save additional funds, without paying any federal taxes on this income. Therefore, I could earn an additional $15,500 per year and place all of this in the SIMPLE IRA, while still keeping my AGI around $30,000 in order to qualify for the ACA health insurance subsidy.
When I worked in a CPA firm, I often noticed the financial habits of my clients. In the early 1990s, I had a client that earned $120,000 per year, but spent $130,000. One thing I noticed was that most people did not have an income problem, they had a spending problem. If you are planning for retirement in the next couple of years, I would highly recommend reading a book called “The Millionaire Next Door.” I’ve always lived a pretty modest life, which has helped prepare me for my upcoming retirement.
Hopefully, my two-part series on early retirement has been educational. Whether you plan to retire at age 49, age 59, age 69, or never plan to retire, there are a number of great investments still available that provide a good source of dividends and interest. Sometimes you just have to dig up a few rocks in order to find the best investments. Retirees also need to plan mentally for retirement and be involved in activities that are enjoyable and occupy their time. My monthly expenditures are estimated at about $3,000 to $3,300 per month, so I do expect to have some funds left over to place into savings or my rainy day fund.
Happy and successful investing to everyone!
Disclosure: I am long all of the securities mentioned in this article.
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Disclosure: I am/we are long ALL SECURITIES IN THIS ARTICLE. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.