By Sammy Suzuki, Laurent Saltiel, and Henry S. D'Auria
Emerging-market (EM) equities posted a strong recovery in 2017 after several tough years. But it's not too late to invest. We think there are still good reasons to add or increase EM exposure in 2018.
In 2017, the MSCI Emerging Markets Index advanced by 37.3% in US-dollar terms, outpacing developed markets by a wide margin. The recovery has been underpinned by many changes in the macroeconomic environment that have helped improve investor sentiment toward the developing world and strong earnings growth. EM companies are expected to deliver 13.2% earnings growth this year, according to consensus estimates. Yet even after last year's rally, we think there are five good reasons to expect further gains:
- Attractive valuations: Even after a stellar 2017, EM stocks trade at 12.5 times estimated earnings for the next 12 months - a 27% discount to developed-market (DM) stocks. That's only slightly higher than at the end of 2016, when EM stocks traded at 11.9 times estimated earnings for the next 12 months.
- Catch-up just beginning: EM companies had several tough years, with subdued earnings, low profitability and depressed valuations. There's plenty of room to catch up with DM peers. And in the past, EM equity cycles persisted for several years. Between 2002 and 2007, the MSCI Emerging Markets returned an annualized 28.6%.
- Sources of returns: This year's performance has been driven mostly by earnings growth - not multiple expansion. This indicates that there's still plenty of pent-up return potential in EM equities.
- Broadening recovery: Chinese and technology stocks have driven the rebound in 2017. We think the rally could broaden to more sectors and regions as earnings growth continues and confidence grows.
- Easing China risks: Positive signs are surfacing in China, including firming producer price index inflation and improving profitability of commodity producers and industrial companies. We think these trends reduce the risks to the banking system. And a stronger China outlook may help foster confidence in EM stocks more broadly - and could lead investors to focus more on company fundamentals.
What to Consider When Investing
There are many different ways to invest in EM stocks. In our view, every approach should focus on company fundamentals as a starting point - not on top-down views on regional macroeconomic trends. We believe that bottom-up stock selection should determine country and sector positions.
It's also important to move away from the benchmark. EM benchmarks are very inefficient, and may leave investors overexposed to unattractive parts of the market. By untethering a portfolio from the benchmark, investors can capture much stronger return potential, in our view.
Of course, volatility is a big concern for EM investors. Despite strengthening earnings and attractive valuations, threats to individual stocks and market stability cannot be ignored. Focusing on company fundamentals, with careful stock selection, can help investors navigate the next stage of the EM recovery and choose the most appropriate approach for individual risk appetites.
The views expressed herein do not constitute research, investment advice or trade recommendations and do not necessarily represent the views of all AB portfolio-management teams.
Sammy Suzuki, CFA, Portfolio Manager - Strategic Core Equities; Laurent Saltiel, Chief Investment Officer - Emerging Markets Growth; and Henry S. D'Auria, CFA, Chief Investment Officer - Emerging Markets Value Equities