By VW Staff
FPA Capital Fund commentary for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2017; titled "This Time It's Not That Different."
Dear Fellow Shareholders,
In our third-quarter 2017 letter, we wrote extensively about changes to FPA Capital Fund's portfolio's management structure following weak results in two out of the last three years. In that letter, we listed the steps we were taking to ensure we were doing more of the right things and fewer of the wrong things. In summary, we pledged to:
1. Avoid position inertia
2. Be more nimble
3. Differentiate between long-term and opportunistic investments
We have already started to increase the quality of the portfolio, and we have implemented many changes. To put these changes into perspective, over the past seven years, we initiated four positions a year on average. In the four months since the announcement, we did the following:
1. Initiated five new positions
2. Eliminated six positions
3. For the 17 remaining positions:
a. Increased our weighting by more than 100bps for seven positions
b. Decreased our weighting by more than 100bps for three positions
You should expect further changes as time goes on. 2017 was one of the worst years in the FPA Capital Fund's history, as the Fund was down 5.11%. Let us briefly recap why we should still have the privilege of managing your capital.
Why Invest With The FPA Capital Fund?
The FPA Capital Fund is, and has always been, a highly differentiated product. Our historical outperformance is a direct result of our ability to position ourselves differently than the competition. As a reminder, here are a few of the key elements that we believe separate us from the pack:
- Highly Concentrated - We hold between 20 and 40 positions, which allows our returns to differ materially from our competitors (average of 158 positions for U.S. small- and mid-cap mutual funds and 197 across all Morningstar U.S. equity categories).
- Benchmark Independent - Sometimes an entire sector is cheap or expensive, and since our process allows us to position the Fund accordingly, our sector concentrations will differ materially from illustrative benchmarks such as the Russell 2500.
- Cash for a Rainy Day - Cash is a residual of our investment process. When our opportunity set is poor (like today), we hold more cash (our cash level, at the end of the fourth quarter of 2017 was 29.6%). However, we are ready to deploy this cash at a moment's notice for compelling opportunities (the average cash and bond positions of U.S. small- and mid-cap mutual funds was 4.8%; this figure was 3.4% across all Morningstar U.S. equity categories).
- Client-centric - We insist on giving clients a fair deal. Our fees are ranked "Below Average" by Morningstar, and they have been for years.
- We Eat Our Own Cooking - We are shareholders alongside you. I am a shareholder, with a significant portion of my net-worth invested in the Fund. I also recently added to my position.
Our portfolio remains highly differentiated today, but we believe there is safety in solitude. Currently, almost 60% of the portfolio is invested in energy-related companies and cash. This compares to less than 5% in energy and 0% in cash for the Russell 2500. The rest of this letter will answer the following two questions:
1. Why do we have such a large exposure to energy?
2. Why is our cash level so high today?
So, let's dig in!
Why Do We Have Such A Large Exposure To Energy?
We believe we are in the early stages of another historic multi-year oil bull market. This represents a highly contrarian call, with most market watchers underappreciating or flat-out rejecting the prospects for a rally in oil prices despite an ongoing drawdown of global crude inventories.
Our energy investment is not just tied to our belief that oil prices will go higher, however. We also see that extreme investor bearishness, and perhaps apathy, have caused oil-related equity performance to disconnect from crude oil commodity performance.
The Road to Lower Inventories and Higher Prices
Bear argument #1: Global demand growth will fizzle out.
Bears will often cite the following:
- Slower global economic growth - That's looking unlikely since the International Monetary Fund is now forecasting that only six of 192 countries will register an economic contraction in 2018, the fewest on record.
- Existential consumption risk in China - Crude demand in China is up 7% YTD versus the same period last year, more than double the consensus figure at the beginning of the year.
- The rise of electric vehicles - EVs make up just 0.1% of the global installed vehicle base, and that miniscule percentage will not change meaningfully over the next five years.
Bear Argument #2: OPEC and its partners, including Russia, will ramp up supply growth.
Actions taken since November 2016 (including a recent decision to extend the 1.8 million barrels per day (bbl/d) cut through the end of 2018) and quota compliance data don't back up this argument.
For the House of Saud, the most obvious incentive to keep oil supplies tight stems from budgetary constraints. The country needs over $70 oil just to neutralize its fiscal deficit and stop the ongoing bleed of foreign currency reserves.
Meanwhile, in the Kremlin, we must assume that Vladimir Putin had his 2018 re-election campaign in mind when he endorsed the 2018 quota extension. Russia's economy is substantially dependent on crude oil, with 70% of Russian exports related to the oil and gas sector.
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