U.S. And World Oil Production And Exxon Mobil Outlook

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Includes: BNO, DBO, DNO, DRIP, DTO, GUSH, IEO, NDP, OIL, OILK, OILX, OLEM, OLO, PXE, SCO, SZO, UCO, USL, USO, XOP
by: Ron Patterson

Here are the latest oil production numbers from the EIA. All data is in thousand barrels per day unless otherwise noted.

The USA through May 2018. The upward surge has stalled for the last two months. US production was down 30,000 bpd in May.

It is a little astonishing how close the Texas chart resembles the USA chart. Texas is, by far, the USA's largest producer. As Texas goes, so goes the USA. Texas production was up 20,000 bpd in May.

North Dakota production has increased significantly in the last two months. They were up 67,000 bpd in April and up another 25,000 bpd in May.

Gulf of Mexico production was down 99,000 bpd in April and down another 75,000 bpd in May.

Alaska was down only 1,000 bpd in May but that was 12,000 bpd lower than last May. They are now entering the maintenance season. Expect huge drops in June and July.

The EIA data in this chart is through April and the National Energy Board data is estimated through December 2018. The EIA data is usually lower than the NEB data but they both agree on April production.

World crude oil production was up 326,000 bpd in April.

Non-OPEC production reached a new peak in April, up 405,000 bpd to 47,159,000 bpd. Most of that increase was Canada, up 317,000 and the U.K., up 111,000 bpd.

Here I am adding a few charts and comments from Exxon Mobil's (NYSE:XOM) 2018 Outlook for Energy: A View to 2040. Their text is in italics. Any bold in their text is mine.

Technology improvements lead to wind, solar, and biofuels increasing, with a combined growth of about 5 percent per year
• Non-fossil fuels reach about 22 percent of total energy mix by 2040
• Oil continues to provide the largest share of the energy mix; essential for transportation and chemicals
• Natural gas demand rises the most, largely to help meet increasing needs for electricity and support increasing industrial demand
• Oil and natural gas continue to supply about 55 percent of the world's energy needs through 2040
• Coal's share falls as OECD countries and China turn to lower-emission fuels
• Nuclear demand grows 70 percent between 2016 and 2040, led by China
• Wind, solar, and biofuels reach about 5 percent of global energy demand

They assume that supply will always evolve to meet demand.

This is what they say we will need in 2040 and will, therefore, be delivered by technology.

And here is where all that oil will come from. North America is the US and Canada. They count Mexico as part of Latin America. In 2040, they have total North American conventional production down to about 3.5 million barrels per day. They have at about 12 million bpd and oil sands at about 4.5 million bpd as best as I can eyeball the chart.

They have almost all conventional oil coming from the Middle East and Russia/Caspian. Caspian is mostly Azerbaijan.

Global liquids production rises by 20 percent to meet demand growth
• Technology innovations lead to growth in natural gas liquids, tight oil, deepwater, oil sands, and biofuels
• Technology enables efficient production from conventional sources, which still account for more than 50 percent of production in 2040
Most growth over the Outlook period is seen in tight oil and natural gas liquids, which reach nearly 30 percent of global liquids supply by 2040
• Continued investment is needed to mitigate decline and meet growing demand
• Liquids trade balances shift as supply and demand evolve
North America swings to a net exporter as shale growth continues
• Latin America exports increase from deepwater, oil sands, and tight oil supplies
• The Middle East and Russia/Caspian remain major oil exporters to 2040, and Africa shifts to an importer
• Europe remains a net oil importer, as demand and production both decline
• Asia Pacific imports increase to 80 percent of oil demand in 2040

This chart is a little shocking. They have total liquids declining to about 18 million bpd by 2040 without investment. That means if everyone stopped drilling today, or in 2016, that would be the natural decline of what is online today. But to meet demand we will need 97 million barrels per day of new oil.

And this is what they say we have left, about 4.5 trillion barrels of remaining recoverable resources.

Without further investment, liquids supply would decline steeply
• More than 80 percent of new liquids supply needed to offset natural decline
• Per the International Energy Agency, about $400 billion a year of upstream oil investment is needed from 2017 to 2040
• Global oil resources are abundant
• Oil resource estimates keep rising as technology improves
• Technology has added tight oil, deepwater, and oil sands resources
Less than one-quarter of global oil resources have been produced
Remaining oil resources can provide about 150 years of supply at current demand

So not to worry. Peak oil will not be reached in your lifetime, or in the lifetime of your children, grandchildren, or greatgrandchildren. Well, that is if these estimates are correct.