One of the classic scenes from Braveheart was when Mel Gibson, playing William Wallace, was standing in the field facing down the English cavalry, and holding back his troops, yells, "Hold!… Hold!… Hold!" waiting until the heavy horses and opposition were nearly right on top of them, before unleashing his armaments.
Using that scene as a metaphor for timing an asset-class entry or exiting a market is a tough task, as most investors know, and prone to being very wrong. Therefore for clients, I like to add or subtract to sector or asset class weightings gradually and not make big bets.
The weakness in Emerging Markets this year after the monster run off the Q1 '16 lows where the 10-year rolling return for EMs was negative presents opportunity in my opinion. The question remains, though, how much downside is left in the asset class?
These two charts from The Daily Shot (@soberlook) indicate that there could be more pain ahead for the asset class given US dollar strength.
When Chris Varrone of Strategas came through Chicago two weeks ago (Chris is an excellent technician), he made the offhand comment at the lunch Strategas held that Emerging Markets have become Tech index proxies and he was right. Despite the outperformance in the S&P 500's Tech sector YTD in 2018 of +14%, the EM ETFs like the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF (NYSEARCA:EEM) and Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets ETF (NYSEARCA:VWO) are down this year -4.50% and 7%, respectively, even though the Top 5 holdings of both the popular ETFs are Chinese or South Korean Technology companies.
Looking across the globe, the S&P 500 looks to be the only game in town right now, but investors are paid to think ahead and evaluate risk/reward.
The weekly Bespoke Report had an interesting chart (not shown) this weekend: Given the US dollar strength (and the US dollar is not even at a 52-week high yet), the S&P 500 "Domestic" companies have started to outperform, versus the S&P 500 "International" companies. The Domestic companies are defined as S&P 500 components with more than 90% of their revenue from the US, and that would include utilities, retailers, more mid-cap banks, etc.
For clients, Trinity made the first Emerging Markets investment in Q1 2016 (see this link here and please excuse typos), but the problem was the weighting initially given to the asset class was, depending on the type of account, just 3% to 5% or 3% to 6% of the account since the volatility and the trend in the EMs was still lower.
Obviously, in hindsight, I wish that the EM weighting would have been greater given 2017's return for Emerging Market equity, but this was a longer-term allocation to the asset class, and it is the conditions that present themselves today that have me writing this post.
The stat that should really jump out at investors despite the 31% 2017 return for the EEM and VWO, not to mention the 2016 return of 10%-12%, is that the 10-year return for the EEM and VWO (per Morningstar data) is just +2.5% - +2.75%, and the 5-year return is just +3.9% - +4%. (Again, Morningstar data is the source of these returns.)
According to State Street Global Advisors (SSGA) which came through Chicago a few months back, Emerging Markets are roughly 15%-16% of total global GDP growth. It would be tough for me to lift the current EM weighting to 15% of client accounts all at once, as much due to the fact that I believe the US stock market, i.e., the S&P 500 is in a secular bull market and, despite the fact a good flush is needed, the bull market has a ways to go.
US dollar strength is the key for the rest of 2018, and that could hinge interest rates and the US midterm elections in 2018. I am old enough to remember what the dollar did from 1983 to 1985 under President Reagan, which the primary victim was "the Rust Belt" in Midwestern US. President Trump's policies are very "pro-business" and pro-American capital, so as was written here in January 2018, the fact that the dollar hasn't been stronger has been the puzzle.
To conclude, clients' EM weighting will likely be lifted again in the next few months, depending on the markets and what the dollar does, but the bias is to be adding to EMs over the next few months, than be a seller.
Those long-term returns are tempting for the asset class.
Again, as a fresh-faced, not terribly-bright kid with a newly-minted Finance degree in 1982, at that time the Cold War was still in full swing and the Eastern Bloc in Europe was firmly socialist/communist, and Latin American Banana Republics swung back-and-forth from liberation theology to quasi-socialist/capitalist economic models.
The exact stats could not be found, but I read years ago where 60% of the globe (in terms of country's stated form of government) was communist/socialist in the mid-1980s, versus the 10% today. The last 5 remaining communist countries are China, North Vietnam, Laos, North Korea and Venezuela. And saying all that, we would then have a debate about how many of the countries either listed or not listed are true democracies with capitalist economies, and how many adapt some form of socialism, etc.
Here was an interesting tweet this week from Gary Morrow (@garysmorrow), which ultimately may make the best case for the Emerging Market economies.
The world is getting to be a better place, as hard as that may be to tell from the headlines.
Here are the various vehicles used for EM and DM investing:
- EEM - iShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETF
- VWO - Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets ETF
- Goldman Sachs Emerging Market Fund
- Mirae Asset Emerging Markets Great Consumer Fund or
- Mirae Asset Emerging Markets Fund
- OakMark International (David Herro) - gives some non-US developed market exposure
The difficulty at this point is finding funds or ETFs that are not holding all the same names. The majority of Emerging Markets' positions are the EEM and VWO, but we will complement the ETFs with some active management as time goes on.