Real estate investment trusts (REITs) are companies that own or finance income-producing real estate properties. Their securities have traits of both equities and fixed income securities. Their high-dividend yields provide consistent income, but valuations can swing along with the equity market. Historically, REITs have good performance, but lately, this sector is under pressure like other fixed-income investments in a rising rate environment. When we add the effect of leverage and the fact that closed-end funds are mostly targeted and used by retail investors, this makes them much more volatile and offers various opportunities for investors and traders like us.
Vanguard Real Estate ETF (VNQ) has a volatile week. The fund started at $82.48 and finished the week at $82.12, losing 0.36 points.
Source: Yahoo Finance
This week, several funds declared monthly distributions:
- Nuveen Real Estate Income Fund (JRS) announced that it maintains its monthly distribution for December as $0.2050.
- RMR Real Estate Income Fund (RIF) announced that it maintains its monthly distribution for December as $0.3300.
1. Highest Z-Score
We use the Z-Score to find statistically undervalued or overpriced funds in the sector. If the value of a Z-Score is negative, it signals a "buy" opportunity. Conversely, if you are looking for a "sell" candidate, you should be interested in a positive Z-Score value. We use a one-year basis to see how many times the current discount deviates from its mean for that period.
At this point, we can see that there are not any funds with positive Z-Score. That means that, based on statistics, we don't have any short trade candidates.
2. Lowest Z-Score
Here, things look a little bit different. As we see from the table, there are plenty of undervalued closed-end funds. In other words, here, we can choose several "buy" candidates which we can add to our portfolios. Of course, we should not forget that this is only from a statistical perspective, and we are scratching the surface here, so before entering a trade, deeper research should be done.
The average 1-year Z-Score for the group for this week is -1.64 (last week, it was -1.33).
3. 5-year Annualized Return On NAV
The aim of the below ranking is to show us the senior loan funds with the higher yields based on the net asset value. Combination of the return with the other metrics that we have is the foundation of our research for potential "long" candidates. The average 5-year return is 9.28% for USA based funds and 3.92% for the global ones.
Also, I will show the year-to-date return of the funds because 2018 is coming to an end.
4. Highest Premium
In this little CEF universe, there are no funds trading at a premium. This means that we will have a hard time finding shorts for hedging reaction.
5. Biggest Discount
Based on the discount, we have plenty of funds for this category. One of the Cohen & Street funds also has attractive Z-score of -1.5 and can be a good long trade if the sector moves higher.
Cohen & Steers Quality Income Realty Fund (RQI) has a primary investment objective of high current income through investment in real estate securities which include common stocks, preferred stocks, and other equity securities of any market capitalization issued by real estate companies, including real estate investment trusts (REITs) and similar REIT-like entities. The fund uses a modest amount of leverage 24.5% compared to the group and has a distribution rate on price 8.14%.
Below, you can see how the fund traded to its NAV.
The chart translated in numbers.
Now, the fund trades at 3.17% away from his 52-week average. The real estate sector now is a riskier place, so be ready with a hedging reaction. The fund has a good correlation with his brothers and the Vanguard Real Estate ETF.
Source: CEF Analyzer
6. Highest Distribution Rate
The table shows the funds with the highest distribution rate on price. Additionally, I have included here the distribution rate based on the net asset value. Most of the market participants find the second metric to be more important.
The average distribution rate on price for all Real Estate CEFs is 8.69%.
7. Highest Effective Leverage
From a leverage perspective, we have one closed-end fund whose effective leverage is equal to zero, the Cohen & Steers Total Return Realty Fund (RFI). The other two funds, the Alpine Global Premier Properties Fund (AWP) at 0.28% and the CBRE Clarion Global Real Estate Income Fund (IGR) at 13.10% (the CEFConnect data is a little bit outdated), which are not very leveraged, are diversified by geographic region.
In an environment with a flattening yield curve, do not underestimate the effect of the leverage. Be sure it's included in your analysis.
Real estate is one of the basic asset classes of the so-called real assets. It has historically exhibited a lower correlation to a wide variety of investment alternatives, so it's a good instrument for diversification. Besides that, in a rising rate environment, the CEFs, especially the leveraged ones, will have a hard time. So, if you try mean-reversion trades on the long side, my advice is to start small and be patient.
Note: This article was originally published on Dec. 09, 2018, and some figures and charts might not be entirely up to date.
At Trade With Beta, we also pay close attention to closed-end funds and are always keeping an eye on them for directional and arbitrage opportunities created by market price deviations. As you can guess, timing is crucial in these kinds of trades; therefore, you are welcome to join us for early access and the discussions accompanying these kinds of trades.
Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.