Best Buy: Featured Stock In January's Dividend Growth Model Portfolio

Feb. 11, 2019 11:45 AM ETBest Buy Co., Inc. (BBY)5 Comments3 Likes


  • 11 new stocks make our Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio this month.
  • Selected stocks earn an Attractive or higher rating, generate positive FCF and economic earnings, offer a current dividend yield >1%, and have a 5+ year track record of dividend growth.
  • The methodology for this model portfolio mimics an All-Cap Blend style with a focus on dividend growth.
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11 new stocks make our Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio this month, which was made available to members on January 30, 2019.

The long-term success of our model portfolio strategies highlights the value of our Robo-Analyst technology[1], which scales our forensic accounting expertise (featured in Barron's) across thousands of stocks[2].

The methodology for this model portfolio mimics an All-Cap Blend style with a focus on dividend growth. Selected stocks earn an Attractive or Very Attractive rating, generate positive free cash flow (FCF) and economic earnings, offer a current dividend yield >1%, and have a 5+ year track record of consecutive dividend growth. This model portfolio is designed for investors who are more focused on long-term capital appreciation than current income, but still appreciate the power of dividends, especially growing dividends.

Featured Stock from January: Best Buy Co.

Best Buy Co. (NYSE:BBY) is the featured stock from January's Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio. We also featured BBY as a Long Idea in April 2018.

Since fiscal 2014, BBY has grown after-tax operating profit (NOPAT) by 12% compounded annually. BBY's NOPAT margin has improved from 2% in fiscal 2014 to 3% over the last twelve months while its return on invested capital (ROIC) improved from 7% to 15% over the same time.

Figure 1: BBY's Profits On the Rise Since Fiscal 2014

Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings

Steady Dividend Growth Supported by FCF

Best Buy has increased its annual dividend in each of the last six years and eight times within the last decade. BBY's annual dividend has grown from $0.68/share in fiscal 2014 to $1.80/share TTM, or 21% compounded annually. Positive free cash flow fueled dividend growth in the past and should continue to do so in the future.

From fiscal 2014 to fiscal 2018, BBY generated cumulative FCF of $12.5 billion (78% of market cap) while paying $1.9 billion in dividends. Over the TTM period, BBY has generated $1.2 billion in FCF and paid $475 million in dividends.

Companies with FCF well in excess of dividend payments provide higher quality dividend growth opportunities because we know the firm generates the cash to support the current dividend as well as a higher dividend. On the flip side, the dividend of a company where FCF falls short of the dividend payment over time cannot be trusted to grow or even stay the same because of inadequate free cash flow.

Figure 2: FCF vs. Regular Dividend Payments

Sources: New Constructs, LLC and company filings

BBY Holds Significant Upside Potential

At its current price of $59/share, BBY has a price-to-economic book value (PEBV) ratio of 0.9. This ratio means the market expects BBY's NOPAT to permanently decline by 10%. This expectation seems overly pessimistic for a firm that has grown NOPAT by 12% compounded annually since fiscal 2014.

If BBY can maintain current NOPAT margins (3% TTM) and grow NOPAT by just 2% compounded annually for the next decade, the stock is worth $77/share today - a 31% upside. Click here to see the math behind this dynamic DCF scenario. Add in BBY's 3% dividend yield and history of dividend growth, and it's clear why this stock is in January's Dividend Growth Stocks Model Portfolio.

Critical Details Found in Financial Filings by Our Robo-Analyst Technology

As investors focus more on fundamental research, research automation technology is needed to analyze all the critical financial details in financial filings. Below are specifics on the adjustments we make based on Robo-Analyst findings in Best Buy's fiscal 2018 10-K:

Income Statement: we made $523 million of adjustments with a net effect of removing $423 million in non-operating expense (1% of revenue). See all adjustments made to BBY's income statement here.

Balance Sheet: we made $7.2 billion of adjustments to calculate invested capital with a net increase of $4.0 billion. The most notable adjustment was $2.6 billion (50% of reported net assets) in off balance sheet operating leases. See all adjustments to BBY's balance sheet here.

Valuation: we made $4.1 billion of adjustments with a net effect of decreasing shareholder value by $3.9 billion. Apart from $4 billion in total debt, which includes the operating leases noted above, the largest adjustment to shareholder value was $72 million in deferred compensation. This adjustment represents <1% of BBY's market value. Despite the net decrease in shareholder value, BBY remains undervalued.

This article originally published on February 8, 2019.

Disclosure: David Trainer, Kyle Guske II, and Sam McBride receive no compensation to write about any specific stock, style, or theme.

[1]Harvard Business School features the powerful impact of our research automation technology in the caseNew Constructs: Disrupting Fundamental Analysis with Robo-Analysts.

[2]Ernst & Young's recent white paper "Getting ROIC Right" demonstrates the superiority of our stock research and analytics.

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This article was written by

David Trainer profile picture
Best fundamental research: most rigorous long & short ideas
New Constructs is an independent research technology firm that provides unrivaled insights into the fundamentals and valuation of private & public businesses. Combining human expertise with machine learning and NLP, the firm shines light into the dark corners (e.g. footnotes) of millions of financial filings and provides superior investment research. The firm's Robo-Analyst technology is the first-ever vertically integrated investment research platform: performing data collection, financial modeling and assigning investment ratings to over 10,000 securities - automatically. This new technology is research automation at its best according to:

   1. Harvard Business School & MIT Sloan prove our fundamental data is superior.

   2. Ernst & Young proves the superiority of our financial analytics over Capital IQ & Bloomberg.

   3. Indiana Kelly School of Business proves our stock ratings outperform human analysts.

If these prestigious institutions trust us so much that they decided to publish official papers to prove the superiority of our research, then you can safely trust us, too.

New Constructs' clients include investors of all types from quant funds like GSAM who subscribe to proprietary data feeds, advisors and individuals who subscribe to our investment research directly through our website.

David is CEO of New Constructs ( David is a distinguished investment strategist and corporate finance expert. He was a 5-yr member of FASB's Investors Advisory Committee. He is author of the Chapter “Modern Tools for Valuation” in The Valuation Handbook (Wiley Finance 2010). 


Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

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