TELUS Corporation (NYSE:TU) Q4 2018 Earnings Conference Call February 14, 2019 11:30 AM ET
Darrell Rae - IR
Darren Entwistle - President & CEO
Doug French - CFO
Josh Blair - Group President & CCO
Conference Call Participants
Drew McReynolds - RBC
Simon Flannery - Morgan Stanley
Maher Yaghi - Desjardins Securities
Jeff Fan - Scotia Capital
Richard Choe - JPMorgan Securities
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to the TELUS 2018 Q4 Earnings Conference Call.
And I would like to introduce your speaker, Mr. Darrell Rae. Please go ahead.
Thanks Mike. Good morning, everyone, and thank you for joining us today. TELUS' fourth quarter 2018 earnings and 2019 targets news release, quarterly report, and detailed supplemental investor information are posted on our website, telus.com/investors.
On the call today we have President and CEO, Darren Entwistle; Doug French, our CFO; and Josh Blair, our Group President and Chief Corporate Officer. After our prepared remarks, we will conclude with a question-and-answer session.
Let me now direct your attention to Slide 2, our caution regarding forward-looking statements. This presentation, answers to questions and statements about future events, including our 2019 targets as well as intentions for dividend growth and capital investments and the performance of TELUS include forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties and are made based on certain assumptions.
Accordingly, actual performance could differ materially from statements made today. So do not place undue reliance on them. We also disclaim any obligation to update forward-looking statements, except as required by law.
I ask that you read our cautionary note and refer you to the risks and assumptions outlined in our public disclosures, in particular our 2018 Management's Discussion and Analysis Sections 9 and 10 as well as filings with securities commissions in Canada and United States. The Appendix of our presentation in Sections 1 and 11 of our 2018 MD&A provide definitions and reconciliations of the non-GAAP measures that we use today.
Let me now turn the call over to Darren.
Thanks, Danni, and good morning everyone and Happy Valentine's Day.
As you've seen today TELUS finished 2018 with strong Q4 financial and operating results. Despite a highly competitive environment, we realized robust loading and financial performance across both our wireless and wireline operations. These results were underpinned by our team's ongoing commitment to customer service excellence and our continued traction in our efficiency programs.
Consolidated revenue was up 6.3% and EBITDA increased by 4.3% in the fourth quarter. Moreover we delivered strong loading across all key growth segments with 164,000 new postpaid wireless, Internet, and TELUS TV customers, our strongest result in four years.
In wireless, we achieved solid growth in revenue and EBITDA which were up 5.4% and 5% respectively. Postpaid wireless net additions of 112,000 represented healthy fourth quarter loading. This was bolstered by industry-leading postpaid churn of 0.91% and eight basis points improvement over this time last year. Notably this result is 32 and 35 basis points better than our two national peers.
Thanks to our frontline team members, TELUS has now delivered five consecutive years of postpaid churn below 1%.
Also in the fourth quarter monthly ABPU was $66.80. This reflects a 0.7% decline in the quarter driven by decreases in chargeable data usage and competitive pressures from rate plans with larger data buckets. These factors were partially offset by growth from customers selecting higher rate plans and more higher value smartphones in gross additions and our retention mix as data usage growth continues to be strong.
Whilst the general trends towards moderating annual ABPU growth is as anticipated, we are working diligently to better monetize robust data growth, while simultaneously delivering a strong value for money proposition to our customers.
To this end, we continue to focus intensely on quality, margin accretive customer growth through our consistent, strategic execution of premium smartphone loading inclusive of driving higher value data and share plan adoption.
Notwithstanding our moderating ABPU, TELUS's best-in-class churn drove fourth quarter blended lifetime revenue per customer up close to $5,900 which represented 7% increase over last year. By this measure, the economic value of our average customer remains up to 76% higher than our national peers.
Leadership and network excellence continues to represent a key driver of our lower churn and our strong data growth.
In January, the consumer initiated Ookla's Speedtest once again recognized TELUS as having the fastest mobile network in Canada for the second half of 2018. TELUS continues to be ranked repetitiously amongst the best on a global basis as further evidenced by Ookla's global speed index in December which named Canada and TELUS by extension as having third fastest wireless network in the world.
Canada distinctly outperformed many developed countries including the U.S. that came in at 42nd as well as historical leaders in Asia such as South Korea and Singapore. On the heels of this recognition, OpenSignal ranked TELUS first for the third year in a row in respect of network excellence. Notably in its newly release State of Mobile Networks Canada report, OpenSignal's rigorous testing placed TELUS number one in LTE download speeds, latency, and number one in network availability as well.
These acknowledgements built on a consistent network accolades that TELUS has earned from JD Power and PCMag as well as Ookla and OpenSignal over the past couple of years.
Importantly, it reinforced the superiority of our networks and the value of our investments in broadband network technologies and in giving our clients the very best experience available on a global basis.
On the subject of globally recognized networks, as it relates to 5G deployment, it's important to note that we've not yet selected a vendor for our next-generation 5G network and we will be entering into our standard RFP process later this year.
Despite the increasing excitement for 5G, we do not expect 5G to be deployed commercially in Canada before the second half of 2020 as we await clear timing on the critically important 3.5 gigahertz spectrum auction.
Regarding 5G security, we continue to collaborate closely with the Canadian government and the Communication Security Establishment to uphold and enhance our innovative and secure approach to managing all of our network equipment for the benefit of our clients. TELUS's security framework involves a series of protocols that preclude Chinese equipment from the sensitive parts of our network also known as our core and limits the equipments used to the edge of our network with a less sensitive radio and antenna components reside.
While there has been significant coverage about 5G security and Huawei internationally, much has included speculation and misinformation about the types of measures being implemented. I think it's important to provide clarity. Of those UK and European telecoms that have announced limitations on Huawei, it is important to note that they are only rationalizing Huawei equipment within their core of their networks.
So they're now in effect moving to follow the network architecture model similar to that used by TELUS over the past decade. In addition, the Italian and German governments had confirmed that they will not ban Huawei from their networks. Indeed Germany stated that any ban would not apply to Huawei or China alone but that security standards would apply universally to all potential service providers.
In fact we have seen that there is a growing realization that the global supply chains of internationally sourced equipment must include a 5G security routine for all suppliers. Our partnership with Huawei over the past decade has been brutal for Canada and brutal for Canadians. As I just mentioned Canada's wireless networks are consistently the most capable in the world. Our Huawei partnership has allowed it to be exceptionally innovative with our network deployment taking into account the realities of Canada's vast geography and demographics, our unique spectrum position in this country and Canadians desire for the most advanced technology on the planet that supports the very best wireless services.
We will continue to work collaboratively and cohesively with the CSE and the Canadian government which are currently undertaking a comprehensive security review, the results of which are expected in the months ahead.
As with any major government decision, we are well prepared for a number of scenarios and developments with respect to the eventual rollout of 5G infrastructure and the acquisition of Spectrum that will be critical to deliver 5G.
Depending on the scope of a government decision, including the potential supplier ban, we may see incremental non-recurring financial cost that we will manage adeptly. It's important to note that we would also risk diluting Canada's global leadership and wireless network performance and excellence, owing to a concentrated supply chain if that eventuality comes to fruition.
Nevertheless should the government restrict the use of Huawei completely in 5G networks, we will uphold our customers first philosophy and work to ensure it does not impact the timing of when TELUS brings 5G to market.
As you know well, the TELUS team has a long track record of successfully managing through various exogenous events whether they are regulatory competitive or macroeconomic in the orientation and we will continue to do so prospectively.
Moving now to our wireline business, wireline revenues increased 7.5% backed by data services delivering revenue growth of a very significant 13%. This was supported by excellent high-speed Internet and TV customer growth and a solid year-over-year performance in both TELUS Health and TELUS International.
The wireline EBITDA increase of 3.1% in the fourth quarter was driven by growth in Internet and TELUS Health, as well as an increased contribution from TELUS International inclusive of acquisitions. Impressively this marks our seventh consecutive year of wireline EBITDA growth, a unique performance that is unrivaled amongst our global peer group.
Looking at our wireline customer expansion, high-speed Internet net additions of 28,000 were up 33% over the fourth quarter of 2017. TV net additions of 24,000 were up more than 70% over last year. Notably our strong performance on Internet and TV continues to be supported by year-over-year improvements in Internet and TV churn.
Clearly customer excellence isn't just relegated to the wireless side of our business. This clearly demonstrates as well the operational success and efficacy of expanding our PureFibre footprint coupled with our unwavering focus on customer service excellence.
Moreover residential NAL net losses continued to improve for TELUS coming in at 13,000 in the quarter, which is down 7% over the fourth quarter of last year. This represents our ninth consecutive quarter of moderating network access line losses. In addition, when we tally it all up, in total, we earned 39,000 wireline net RGUs in the fourth quarter of 2018 representing an 86% improvement over last year.
Our strong and our consistent wireline operating and financial results clearly highlight our customer service excellence in action combined with our attractive bundle offers available to customers across our highly differentiated product portfolio. This includes the superior attributes of our Internet, Optik TV, and Pik TV, offerings, as well as increasingly those of our home automation, home security, and consumer health lines of business.
Our strong results also reflect our team's steadfast focus on leveraging the significant competitive advantage inherent in our PureFibre broadband network. In this regard, during the fourth quarter our team expanded our PureFibre coverage by 150,000 premises to a coverage level of 61% of our overall high-speed broadband footprint.
This ongoing expansion continues to enable more customers to accept our leading broadband technology and to benefit from the corresponding customer experience enhancement across all of our product portfolios that leverage the fiber connectivity and the bandwidth that we provide.
The strong performance has made TELUS a global leader with respect to wireline, broadband deployment. Indeed over the past year, we've increased TELUS's active fiber connections by 34% outpacing the OECD average of 15% on in terms of year-over-year growth by well over two times. Consequently, 38% of our wireline broadband connections are on PureFibre today approaching again two times the average broadband services penetration of 23% in other OECD countries.
Canada in the lead on wireless and wireline broadband. Importantly this will support as well when we talk about the expansion of our PureFibre footprint, the continued and sustainable growth of wireline and wireless services through to the evolution of 5G.
Moreover our expanding PureFibre footprint and customer base that underpins it support enhanced efficiency in terms of increasingly lower OpEx and economy of scale benefits. This is further bolstered by the lower churn and higher revenue characteristics of our PureFibre clients which lead to elevated broadband customer economics overall.
In addition to our broadband growth engine, our wireline results continue to be supported by our unique TELUS Health and TELUS International growth businesses. Further to the incremental color, we will provide on TELUS Health and TELUS International in just a moment with the release of our second quarter 2018 results that we delivered in respect of TELUS International and I'm going to hand over in just a second to Josh Blair who's going to give you some extra disclosure on our TELUS Health line of business.
Overall, fourth quarter results were strong for TELUS yet again capping off a solid 2018 marked by many notable achievements. Notable achievements that include delivering on our annual revenue and EBITDA growth targets for the eighth year in a row. Achievements that include adding more than 534,000 net postpaid wireless, Internet, and TV customers, which represents an 8% increase over last year. Achievements that include annual postpaid churn rate of 0.89% down from last year and reflecting our fifth consecutive year below 1%. Achievements that have seen us earn an industry-leading record lifetime revenue per wireless customer in 2018 of over $6,200, a 3.5% year-over-year increase for TELUS, and up to 57% higher than our national peers.
We also generated Internet customer lifetime revenue of more than $5,000 within our wireline business which represents a 30% year-over-year increase driven by strong customer loyalty and ARPU growth.
And finally, our 2018 achievements encompass continued global recognition for network excellence in respect of our broadband networks as illustrated most recently by the top ranking from OpenSignal and Ookla, as well as the OECD report on the wireline front.
Our 2019 targets announced this morning demonstrate our confidence in continuing these strong growth trends including consolidated revenue growth of up to 5%, EBITDA of up to 6%, EPS growth of up to 10%, and free cash flow growth of 22% to 29% on a before cash tax basis, building upon the 20% free cash flow growth before taxes that we delivered in 2018 versus 2017.
Similar to 2018, we expect both our wireless and wireline results to contribute to these robust targets reflecting the quality of our dual tenant growth engines at TELUS across wireline and wireless. Our consistent growth in both the wireless and wireline sides of our business at the revenue and EBITDA level reinforces the efficacy of the targeted generation of growth investments TELUS continues to make in its core wireline and wireless broadband networks.
Notably the majority of our broadband network built programs will be increasingly behind us as we approach the 70% build threshold in 2019 on the way to near ubiquitous fiber and broadband coverage.
Clearly, our consistent long-term approach to capital investments in broadband technology and the returns that we expect in this regard have positioned TELUS well for today and well into the future. Through strong execution from the TELUS team, we've demonstrated our ability to consistently drive long-term revenue and EBITDA growth and deliver robust and reliable free cash flow growth to support our shareholder friendly initiatives.
Moreover, we've established an enviable track record in this regard. In 2018, we returned over $1.2 billion to our shareholders. Furthermore, since 2004 TELUS has returned more than $16 billion to shareholders representing over $27 per share. Consistent with the 7% dividend growth achieved in 2018 and 2017 and following six consecutive prior years of circa 10% annual dividend growth, we continue to target an additional 7% to 10% increase in 2019. This remains consistent with our most recent three-year dividend growth program through 2019. And I indeed look forward to updating you on our next dividend growth model at our AGM this coming May.
I can tell you our dividend growth program going forward is supported by our robust 2019 targets announced year-to-date and our track record for delivering against these goals is also supported by our expectation of chronic free cash flow expansion in the years to come from a potent combination of moderating CapEx and EBITDA growth.
2018 was a strong year for TELUS and our 2019 targets reflect our team's commitment to continuing this level of performance and building upon it in the years well beyond. I want to take this opportunity as I always do, to thank the TELUS team for their dedication, skill, and ability to consistently deliver on our strategy navigating the competitive environment and other challenges that we encounter along the way.
I continue to be impressed with what our organization can achieve as a collective thanks to our culture and how this translates into strong results for our customers, investors, and in our digital society and economy for the communities in which we live, work, and serve as citizens.
Let me now turn the call over to Josh to give you some additional color on our TELUS Health business.
Thank you, Darren.
Healthcare is expected to be a continued growth area in future years based on an increasing emphasis on chronic disease management, the enhanced focus of consumers and employers on optimizing wellness and the potential benefits that technology can deliver in terms of efficiency and effectiveness within the sector.
At TELUS, we are leveraging our leading broadband networks, as Darren commented on, to increase the availability and effectiveness of our innovative services across the primary care ecosystem in order to ensure we are well-positioned for the anticipated strong ongoing growth in this sector.
Notably, no other company has a full set of assets that we have setting us up for success in this critical vertical. Indeed, TELUS Health has become a Canadian leader in providing managed solutions across a wide range of elements including electronic, medical, and health records, pharmacy management systems, employer health offerings, consumer health services, benefits management for insurers, and extended healthcare providers and as well and importantly platform interconnectivity services such as operating Canada's prescribe it electronic prescription service.
Additionally, our emerging foray into the consumer health realm, as Darren spoke to, will enable us to have more touch points with our customers in terms of expanding our bundled services for mobility, Internet, TV, home phone, smart security, and home automation to now include health offerings such as virtual care and home health monitoring.
Turning to our financials in 2018, our domestic health vertical revenues grew by double-digits to surpass the $700 million mark. Our health solutions now make up the majority of this portfolio, with the remainder being the broadband services we offer to our B2B health clients.
In terms of EBITDA, our margins are in line with our broader wireline segment with room for upside as we scale TELUS Health into the future. With moderate capital intensity and strong execution, TELUS Health is well-positioned to be a meaningful contributor to our cash flow growth in the years ahead.
Let me now turn the call over to Doug to provide some additional details regarding the fourth quarter and our targets for 2019.
Thank you, Josh, and good morning everyone.
As Darren discussed, TELUS delivered strong fourth quarter results building on our financial and operational momentum, we delivered throughout 2018.
Consolidated revenue and adjusted EBITDA growth was a result of favorable contributions from both our wireless and wireline operating segments. Earnings per share was driven by higher EBITDA partially offset by an increase in depreciation and amortization reflecting growth in our asset base from the investments, including our broadband networks as well as those arising from business acquisitions and higher financing costs.
Consolidated CapEx decreased 3.8% over last year reflecting a 9.5% decline in our wireline CapEx, while still expanding our fiber footprint to over 61%. Wireless CapEx increased by 8.5% as we increased infrastructure initiatives as we cover over 93% of Canadians with LTE advance, and over 99% of all Canadians with 4G LTE.
For the year, CapEx of $2.9 billion declined by 5.8% and represented a capital intensity of 20%, a 300 basis point improvement over 2017.
Free cash flow for the quarter of $122 million decreased by $152 million over the same period a year ago, as EBITDA growth was offset by higher wireless acquisition retention costs and the timing of cash taxes. Higher acquisition retention costs reflect handset promotions during the competitive holiday season and an increase in adoption of our platinum rate plans which increases the upfront subsidy for the latest premium devices and importantly is offset by higher monthly ABPU.
Meanwhile in the same period, a year ago, subscriber loading was driven by bringing your own device promotion, lowering the industry's acquisition and retention costs in a period where costs are typically elevated.
For the year, free cash flow of $1.2 billion increased by 24% on higher EBITDA and lower capital expenditures as planned. Before we review our 2019 targets, let me review the impacts associated with the implementation of IFRS 16 leases.
The application of IFRS 16 is effective January 1, 2019, and our comparative information will not be recast. The most significant effect of the new standard will be the recognition of initial present value of the unaffordable -- unavoidable future lease payments on the balance sheet as right of use lease assets and lease liabilities.
Upon transitioning to IFRS 16 on January 1, 2019, we recorded right-to-use assets of approximately $1.1 billion and associated lease liabilities of approximately $1.3 billion as a cumulative catch-up and an adjustment to retained earnings.
As a result of the non-cash accounting change reported EBITDA in 2019 will be higher. And in our case, it's approximately $230 million. This is similar to our estimated impact in 2018. Reported EPS will not be impacted.
Previously reported leases are presented as depreciation of right-to-use leased assets as well as financing costs arising from leased liabilities. Both will be accounted below the EBITDA line. For TELUS, we expect approximately three quarters of our non-cash accounting expense to be recorded as depreciation with the remaining going through financing costs.
With this regards, our Statement of Cash Flows while no impact to cash will be changed in this presentation. The increase in cash from operating activities is equally offset by a decrease in cash from financing activities as the principal portion of lease payments moved from operating activities under the old accounting to financing activities under IFRS 16.
Altogether the adoption of IFRS 16 is an accounting change only; it does not impact our economics, our financial position, or cash flows of our business. Accordingly and similar to IFRS 15, our free cash flow calculation will not benefit from either of these non-cash changes.
Let me now review our 2019 financial targets to reflect the implementation of IFRS 16. Consolidated revenue is targeted to be 3% to 5%. This growth range is calculated over normalized 2018 consolidated operating revenue excluding the non-recurring income from the joint venture sale of our TELUS Garden reported in the third quarter of 2018.
Consistent with 2018, our revenue growth reflects continued growth in data services across wireline and wireless, supported by our strategic investments and broadband technologies and our leading network. In 2019, we continue to generate positive subscriber growth including wireless, high-speed and Internet along with growing contributions from home and business security and improving business margins. TELUS International and TELUS Health are also expected to contribute to this growth profile.
While financial results for 2018 will not be recast for the new IFRS 16 accounting standard, our adjusted EBITDA would have been higher by approximate $230 million in 2018 as previously noted. Overlaying the impact on 2018, our 2019 guidance for EBITDA growth is 4% to 6%.
Our 2019 adjusted EBITDA as a reported basis will be 8% to 10% as 2018 will not be restated. Adjusted EBITDA reflects higher revenue and margins as discussed on the ongoing focus and operational efficiency and effectiveness.
In 2019, our total restructuring costs are estimated to be approximately $100 million. Earnings per share is targeted to increase by 2% to 10% reflecting EBITDA growth partially offset by higher depreciation and amortization as a result of increased capital investments in our leading broadband technologies, recognition of the right-to-use leased assets, as well as from acquisitions that we made over the past few years and higher interest costs.
As previously disclosed, we are targeting to invest approximately $2.85 billion in capital expenditures, reflecting a capital intensity of 19%, down 100 basis points over 2018 as we continue to enhance and expand our broadband network, our products and services including home and business security, and support continued wireless, high-speed Internet, and TV subscriber growth.
A full list of our 2019 assumptions can be found in our fourth quarter earnings release and in Section 9 of our 2018 Annual MD&A.
Our growth targets combined with our stable capital expenditure this year will result in 2019 free cash flow of up to approximately $1.15 billion before dividends.
Our 2019 cash flow outlook is impacted by our cash catch-up payment of approximately $270 million to be recorded in the first quarter of this year related to reorganization of corporate structure announced in the third quarter of 2017. When excluding this catch-up payment, free cash flow before dividends would be higher by 10% to 19% over 2018. Based on our view today, cash taxes are expected to be lower in 2020 to more a standard level. Importantly, our 2019 targets and free cash flow outlook are supportive of our multi-year dividend growth program first announced in 2011 under which TELUS had since delivered 16 dividend increases.
Let me now turn it back to Darrell to start the Q&A.
Thank you, Doug. Mike can you please proceed with questions from the Q for Darren, Doug, and Josh.
All right. So the first question comes from Drew McReynolds from RBC. Please go ahead.
Yes, thanks very much. Good afternoon. Just on the guidance I guess probably for you Doug, we've seen TELUS make some tuck-in acquisitions and I think you did another what appears to be a little one in early 2019, just comment on the contribution of our organic and acquisitions to guidance if you could? And then, secondly, Darren, you've talked a little bit recently about the trajectory on the wireline EBITDA margin side. And you've gone over extensively through 2018, just wondering what kind of dynamics on that margin side we should see for 2019? Thank you.
So on the acquisition side; we've locked most of our more significant acquisitions in TELUS International and Health. So 2019 and even the latest one that we did is to your point insignificant, so majority of our substantially all of our guidance in 2019 is related to ongoing operations and non-organic would be insignificant.
So, Drew, in terms of our goals on wireline margins, they haven't changed near-term for us is to get to the 30% level holistically factoring in the dilutive considerations on TELUS International. And then longer-term the goal is to get to 35% wireline margins, when we start factoring in the significant efficiencies of a near ubiquitously deployed broadband wireline network with the combination of both fiber and 5G and efficiencies inherent in that technology. So in terms of what to look for from TELUS going forward building upon the 3.1% growth that we delivered in the fourth quarter which is now sort of seven years of positive EBITDA accretion in the wireline side of the business which is pretty unique, I would say to our organization.
If you look at the margins in Q4 in the high 27%, sorry 28% zone, if you for the full-year 2018 back out our TI business and some of the dilutive impacts from the underperformance in the first half and the still shapered in its infancy from the acquisitions that we affected with both Xavient and Voxpro, TELUS's Wireline margins on a normalized basis would already actually be north of 35% -- of 30%.
And the other point is that if you left TI in but only backed out that dilutive impact from the acquisition, japiers [ph] that we would be around 29%. So I think we're heading definitively in the right direction and in terms of what to watch for prospectively with the significantly improved organic performance of TI in the second half of 2018 which bodes well for the performance in 2019 and the maturation of the investments that we've made in 2G acquisitions as they start to become much more contributing at the margin level, I think that is positive for the development in respect of our wireline margins and I'm encouraged by the significant contributions TI is going to make it, not just at the wireline margin level but given the very low CapEx intensity on TI contributions as well at the cash level.
The other areas to me that I think are going to be key is continuing the growth on the FFH side of our business. When you look at 13% wireline data growth and I disclosed for the first time the lifetime revenue on high-speed Internet access at $5,000 which is up 30% on a year-over-year basis because of improvements in both ARPU and the lowering of churn I think that will make a tiny contribution to the margins of TELUS on a go-forward basis.
The other areas where I'm looking for us to improve that is in respect of B2B which has been dilutive to both EBITDA growth and our margin. And to give you a sense of it, if our B2B wireline business delivers zero EBITDA growth in 2018, our annual consolidated wireline EBITDA growth number would go from 4.1% to 8% it would in fact nearly double that if our B2B business was at zero EBITDA growth. So I'm just eliminating the dilutive impact. And so for TELUS right now, we're looking to get back to near zero EBITDA growth on wireline EBITDA in 2019 and assuredly through 2020.
And I think that will make a very nice accretive contribution to our consolidated wireline EBITDA growth and our wireline EBITDA margins particularly in 2020 and beyond, when we start to see a positive EBITDA contribution coming from B2B and that's an important endeavor for this organization.
The other factors that I think will be key are economies of scope, it's one thing to deploy our fiber infrastructure but I think it's the responsibility of this management team to get as many RGUs on that fiber infrastructure as possible to harvest economies of scope to support EBITDA growth, wireline margin, and wireline cash flow. So I'm anxious to see what we can do on the security broadband in 2019 building upon the success we've had with Internet and TV what can we do on the consumer health front and what we do on the home automation front, all leveraging the fiber infrastructure.
The next area for me is TELUS Health. TELUS Health had a solid year in 2018 but not sensational. I think there's a lot more upside to be exacted from that emerging part of our business. And if we can get better growth, out of TELUS Health and supernormal growth which I think is achievable out of TELUS International, that's really going to be a nice complementary engine to where we want to take EBITDA growth and wireline margins for TELUS.
And then, lastly and perhaps most importantly over the longer-term, the fiber push for us has so much benefit on the cost efficiency front as we decommissioned our copper infrastructure and the inherent cost structure that that entails. And when you have a better retention, when you have truck rolls that are down 40%, when the cost of support at a unit level on fiber is 50% lower than copper and when you can expose some very attractive growth attributes to combine with the efficiency measures, I find that tremendously exciting. And in a year when in 2019 we're going to look to hit the 70% coverage mark of PureFibre on our existing broadband footprint and we're already passing sort of the 50% zone of fiber coverage relative to our competitors footprint.
I think that bodes well for improved economics on wireline prospectively and I'm excited by that particular opportunity. So I'll stop there. That's probably enough color in addition to what we've done with the restructuring investments that Doug alluded to and general cost efficiency that we have to drive over both wireline and wireless along the way.
Yes. Next question comes from Simon Flannery from Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.
Great. Thank you very much. I'm just following up on the build, the fiber build and the 5G, and you talked about combining fiber with 5G, so where does it start to make sense to bring in 5G, are you going to build fiber to say 80% or 90% or is it really at that sort of 70%, 75% where 5G starts to come in and you talked about waiting for 3.5. How do you think about the architecture of a 5G network, is it I think we've heard some of the Nokia’s of the world talk about 500 megahertz of millimeter wave and a 100 megahertz of 3.5, is that the sort of architecture that you're thinking of as well?
It's not too distant from that, Simon. I think it's an eclectic combination that we will be looking at. Firstly, let me talk about the 5G combination with PureFibre. I think for right now, it's a pretty decent rule of thumb to say around the 75% PureFibre footprint on the holistic homes within our ILEC territories, is a relative ceiling for PureFibre beyond that we would start to leverage 5G technologies. It really depends on the circumstances.
Let me give you an example. If your aerial in DC and you can leverage that and maybe if you go a little bit more aggressively on the PureFibre front, if you are buried in Alberta maybe you take now a bit of a different ratio between the two. What's the densification of the population or the community within that particular zone, is the community willing to participate in the economics of bringing PureFibre into their area, if they're willing to make a commitment on uncertain penetration rates, they not make the economics more doable for the investment on the fiber front and we've seen that on a number of occasions.
So where can we take the technology cost curve on PureFibre particularly the civils component with developments in micro trenching and the like it. No, I think it's really is a geozone by geozone tuning that we would do, if you want to sort of a broad macro footprint type situation, I'd say 75% would be a reasonable zone.
There are other areas as well that if you look in the rural maybe there's government subsidy programs that are in place that we can leverage to make your fiber more economical. Maybe the economics of the resource industries that are located in those areas make it more attractive even there is an opportunity to surely decommission copper in those areas to get the better cost economics on PureFibre, it’s really a geozone by geozone type solution but isn't a fantastic position for us to be in. The B2B where we are right now on PureFibre and deliver the phenomenal results that we're delivering to wireline. The wireline RGUs up 86% on a year-over-year basis is pretty potent 127,000 loads for 2018, that's up 80,000 loads year-over-year. It's a talk about having these nice choices from a position of strength and all the cost efficiencies on to come, it's amazing.
And then the last thing in terms of how far we go on PureFibre is again how you started the question with the synergistic relationship with 5G because as I think you understand better than most, the speed and performance of a wireless network is significantly influenced by the underlying PureFibre network that does the frontal delivery of that wireless traffic and the backhaul distribution. So that will also determine how far we go along the way.
But talk about a build program that's more in our rearview mirror than the challenge on a look forward basis because of the heavy lift that we've undertaken over 2013/2014, 2015/2016, 2017, and 2018 it's a fantastic position to be in and allows us to be rather than a big push on PureFibre to be increasingly judicious about how we invest and the economics that we drive and the technology choices that we smartly make along the way. And when a 5G gets commercialized in the half -- in the second half in 2020, think of where we are going to be with our fiber coverage at that particular point.
Talk about it beautifully it reflects a combination of powerful competitive and economic synergy and we are vastly differentiated from our peers on a global basis on that combination of 5G as well, well, well distributed and deployed fiber.
And then lastly in terms of the frequency conversation, for us the big fact here is that the global ecosystem had 3.5 Canada following the global ecosystem more than let's say the U.S., one, the 600 auction that we're going to have in a month's time now. It's not really going to get operationalized spectrum for us until the 2020, 2021 timeframe with the exception we may look to do some early deployments on 600 in terms of 5G within the rules that I think could be quite an interesting exciting thing to do and really leverage the prescient decision by the Canadian government in terms of accelerated capital cost allowances that could allow us to do something a little bit pre-emptive exciting and meaningful leveraging 600 megahertz propagation characteristics in non-urban areas to bring 5G maybe initially to the rural. So I'm doing something that's pretty differentiated in doing the way with a nice economic set of characteristics because the capital cost allowances that have been provided by the governments in that regard.
And then lastly, we will be a big deployer of millimeter wave both 3.5 and millimeter wave of where we look to use 5G as not just a macro mobility at play but as a point to multipoint wireless access mechanism and that will be done complementary to our PureFibre expansion. So look for us to be big movers when we get to Spectrum auction rules on the Spectrum deployed 3.5 because we need to leverage the global ecosystem in that regard. We have just economies of scale in Canada. So we need to make ecosystem best, the bigger, the better both in terms of cost but also the quality of the equipment that we'll be looking to deploy along the way.
Let's look to deploy low band frequencies on 600 judiciously for coverage considerations and end building penetration and then we will leverage 28-gig, 40-gig, 65 to 70 gig as the chief mechanism for us in terms of 5G as a broadband access mechanism bringing core services like Internet, TV, home help home security and home automation to people's premises as well as the business community.
Great. Thanks. Very helpful.
Thanks Simon. Mike, we'll take the next question.
Yes. Next question comes from Maher Yaghi from Desjardins Securities. Please go ahead.
Yes. I just wanted to go back to TELUS International and wanted to ask Josh maybe if you could give us an update in terms of financials. I know you gave some update a few quarters ago about revenues and margins. Can you talk about how 2018 finished in terms of revenues and margins and I noticed in your MD&A, you talked about the growth recovery on an organic basis that you're expecting in 2019. Can you talk about what's driving that recovery? I also have a question on wireless in terms of the market competitiveness in both states. I noticed a little bit of improvement there for you, when you look at your market share of net adds on a consolidated basis with the other two competitors in the market what's driving that improvement at the margin?
Okay. Well I'm happy to start with TELUS International. So, Maher, if you look at our Q2 call last August, we mentioned that we were hoping to finish the year over a $1 billion in revenue. I'm pleased to see that -- pleased to say that the team did surpass that quite easily, so delivered a good result in that regard. We also talked about wanting our margins to improve through two mechanisms and Darren spoke to them both. One was a return to organic growth which we did see in the second half of the year and we do see good promise for that throughout 2019 based on a couple of things.
One, new customers that the TELUS International team has landed and we're ramping up as we speak and also a robust funnel of sales pursuits that are ahead of us. And then the second aspect of margin improvement that we wanted to see was as we integrate the Voxpro and Xavient acquisitions and leverage TELUS International scale to improve their margins. So we are also seeing good momentum on that front. So that all sums up to increasing our confidence in our medium-term goal of our margins being in that 15% to 20% zone. So with that I'll turn over for the second half of the question.
So in terms of wireless net adds, Maher, we were pleased with our results overall. As I think you know well, we're an organization that focuses on quality loading not just nominal loading and we want to have robust loading combined with good financial results and we want that for our wireless business and we want that for our wireline business.
If you look at how we did on postpaid at 112,000 and look at our competition did and make certain adjustments for Government of Canada mobile movements within the industry, I think Q4 was a very strong result for the TELUS organization and that's true on postpaid and that's true on total mobility net adds combining both prepaid and postpaid overall. So we're pleased with that particular performance.
And I don't think it's anything that's particularly differentiated for us. It does illustrate I think that when people are making choices and you can offer them a level of service, that is significantly better than the competition it's going to get you traction and we in Q4 had a churn rate that was 32 to 35 bps better than our competitors. And I think that's telling particularly in a seasonal period such as Q4 with Black Friday and the Christmas period, when you were delivering a superior network performance in a digital world and superior on it -- superior on just about every metric, superior on speed, superior on reliability in terms of lower access failure rates or lower drop call rates.
Superior on quality in terms of latency, having lower latency which matters for people that want to use the devices to play games. When you're superior on coverage and depth of coverage because of what we can leverage in terms of our network sharing agreement. And when you do that consistently I mean we won all four network awards from OpenSignal and Ookla to JD Power and PCMag and most recently the Canadian version of that, Tutela, coming out of Victoria. And those awards have recognized everything from speed and latency to quality to the technical components being evaluated right through to the voice of the customer. So I think it's a pretty comprehensive outcome. And we’re now winning these awards for three consecutive years; I think after a while, that differentiated performance starts to resonate with customers.
And then you look at how we're doing within, as an industry overall, now for everyone within the industry for people wanting to invest in Canadian wireless, I think it's a good new story for all the players within the industry, we're seeing a postpaid accretion within the industry of 12% in 2018 over 2017.
And I think that's important. I also think it's necessary to get those volume uplift when you're in a moderating ABPU environment, so that you can deliver a good financial result such as what we did with the 5% EBITDA growth along the way. But for us more and more, it's really about quality on the loading. We have significantly de-emphasized tablets. We put more emphasis in areas like prepaid. We did better in Q4 year-over-year on prepaid. But we had I think a very encouraging positive building performance in Q2, Q3 that we can build off of on 2019. And I think the ARPU characteristics there are far superior to what take place on a loading basis versus tablets. But I think we should be interested in and of course we get an economy of scope in terms of today prepaid customer is not only attractive from an ARPU perspective but he can also be migrated eventually to become a postpaid customer along the way and I think that's attractive.
The other thing that we -- if you look at our overall results, we came in around 356,000 postpaid loads. That's down slightly from 2017. The 2017 was up 50% on a year-over-year basis. So that's down slightly against the massive growth rate that we delivered in 2017 and the previous year.
And then lastly it's great to have that churn performance capabilities, it allows us to be much more judicious on COA/COR considerations as we don't need to do anything irrational or absurdly aggressive to hit those net loading number because we do so well in respect of retention.
And the thing that we keep also trying to emphasize with the dual-tenet strategy is that we look at TELUS from a total loading point of view, so when you look at total wireless loading combined with total TV loading and total high-speed loading, now what a fantastically positive story that is up 27% at 525,000 on a year-over-year basis. So with all the accretive economics that go with it, when you look at the premium wireless combined with premium high-speed and TV and year-over-year growth that's approaching 30%.
And then, lastly, I don't know -- we don't always talk about it as much but to talk about loading and ABPU simultaneously for us is key and driving the cost efficiency to do with moderating ARPU to deliver good financial results when the other complementary component is volume. And then looking at everything else, we can do along the way leveraging data growth through to the 5G growth areas trying to do more on wireless, wireline bundling for positive economics, leveraging machine to machine more effectively, leveraging pre-to-post migrations more effectively, getting more value out of base management in a way that's compelling doing better overall in the roaming front.
I think for us it's going to be a combination of new growth, new services, and better base management prospectively. So that we're generating not just good volumes but good holistic financial performance from the growth volumes but also exacting better economics from our existing client base. So I think that's the story for us holistically.
Thanks for that. And Doug, can I ask you on an ABPU basis, if I can slip one last question here. Have we seen the worst part of the curve in terms of the reduced overage on the wireless ABPU or there could be a few quarters less in terms of negative growth here?
Yes, Doug. Why don't you answer that question?
It's a tough question for Doug.
Yes, I think we're going to see some continued softness in the first part as we implement some of the initiatives that Darren talked about. But we're obviously all hands on deck. I'm striving to remediate any of those trends, so beyond that we don't really give that anymore guidance on that maybe I'll just stop there.
Yes, I think that's the right answer. The result in Q4, I think is indicative right now in terms of the softness. I don't think we're an organization that's forecasting deterioration.
Thanks Mike. We can take maybe two last questions here. Take a look at the time.
Okay. Next we have a question from Jeff Fan from Scotia Capital. Please go ahead.
Thanks very much. Just a question on wireless, the subsidy for this quarter. And I know I realize it doesn't flow through EBITDA but when we look at the cost of acquisition or retention and handset subsidy, it looks like that number is a little bit higher and I understand there are some seasonality involved but it looks like that number jumped up quite a bit. I wonder if you can talk a little bit about that whether that's something that's come a new normal subsidy that we expect to see on an annual basis now going forward. And maybe just one quick housekeeping question. You used to provide an IFRS 15 Reconciliation in your wireless EBITDA. I'm wondering if you can provide that for the fourth quarter. Thanks.
We did have IFRS 15 within our statements. So I think here you will find it in there. And on the stuff on the mix and subsidy looking like it's increasing, I think a lot of it is mix. And you'll see that with the platinum plus and some of the higher end smartphones, they will attract higher subsidies, so the investment in that is where you're seeing the uptick and within retention as well, retention at a higher platinum mix, higher handset mix on higher quality handsets would drive that. But the, in of themselves the rate is a little bit higher but not that mature, it’s more of the mix.
Okay, next question. Mike we will take our last question.
Yes. Last question comes from Richard Choe from JPMorgan Securities. Please go ahead.
Great, thank you. It looks like the fiber build is coming to an end over the next few years. You've been spending in the high $2 billion to almost $3 billion more recently in almost above $2 billion for call it six to eight years. As we come to the end of this build, what level of CapEx do you think we can see it come down to or will it stay around this level and if it stays around this level will it be for acquisitions, if it comes down with the priority be more buybacks or dividend growth? Thank you.
Okay. I think the emphasis is always going to be pictured on dividend growth supported by net income expansion and cash flow affordability. If we are in a chronic surplus cash situation and we have satisfied all of our investment opportunities that we deem to be prudent, then as I said previously we will never go further field and start investing your money in areas that are off strategy for us. So we will look at NCIB programs on a discretionary basis in that regard.
The only other element on the NCIB is that if we feel that there is a weakness in our stock price related to any type of exogenous event given the strong confidence we have in our strategy and our underlying economics, we will expediently step in, and act on that softness, the buyback that shares at advantageous prices.
Secondly, we're not going to give multi-year CapEx forecasts. I think we already lead the way in disclosure transparency and long-term forecasting with what we have done on the dividend growth model front. And I would draw your attention to my comments in my script where I indicated that I'm looking forward to the AGM in May to highlight, what we're going to do with the dividend growth model through 2020, 2021, and 2022 that I think will be important information for investors.
The other thing is I don't think we need to be precise on the exact dollar value of the CapEx prospectively in the years ahead. But rather to say that CapEx in the years ahead will be moderating particularly at a CapEx intensity level on the wireline side of our business, but also in some cases at a nominal level. And when you combine that with continued EBITDA growth, I think that provides for, as I said, earlier a very potent combination. I'm confident in this organization's ability because of our dual growth tenets, our strong asset mix to generate both good operational and financial results on wireless and wireline prospectively that have positive manifestations in terms of EBITDA growth and net income expansion. And I think with TELUS having gone past if you will the midpoint threshold on the fiber build and looking to surpass the 70% coverage mark of our existing broadband footprint over the course of 2019 setting us up for that 5G fiber synergy beyond you will have a moderating capital appetite for this organization. And I think that's a great story.
And I chose my words very precisely in my remarks because I used them in previous periods of cash flow generation over the last 20 years normalizing for Spectrum auctions, I believe that we're heading into a period with TELUS because of the prescient investments that we have made in broadband technology in the years past where we are going to be in a chronic free cash flow positive situation for this organization.
And I think that's very exciting both of what it's going to mean in terms of cash generation but what it's going to mean competitively for us in the marketplace because of the broadband advantages that we will have on wireline and wireless. And if you look at our cash generation almost on a simple cash flow updates EBITDA less CapEx with some other considerations but free cash taxes, our growth in 2018 was 20%.
If you look at our guidance for 2019, on that same measure so free cash flow, free cash taxes, it's 22% to 29%. And as you start to think about where we're going at 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, having broken the back of the fiber challenge along the way and now having 5G at potentially a more complementary cost attractive broadband access mechanism to premises across our footprint, I think that moderating capital story and that EBITDA growth story in combination allows me to feel confident about the chronic free cash flow generation that we have set ourselves up for in the short-term, the medium- term and the longer-term over the next five years. And I just I think that's a very perhaps the most important component of the investment thesis at TELUS and it underpins the affordability of where we want to take our dividend growth model. And that cash gives us the latitude to act on NCIB, if we think the conditions are warranted. So I like that and you look at where we got to at the end of 2018, very close to back into our net debt-to-EBITDA zone in that regard. So our balance sheet is being well managed relative to that cash generation as well. So I won't give you any more than that but those general indicators should be more than sufficient for you.
As a quick follow-up, you're close to your -- the high-end of your 2.5 times leverage target, would you rather stay, you think the business is stable not to stay at the 2.5 or would you rather have it be closer to the 2?
I think 2.5 is a good number, Richard. So if you take the hard core corporate finance look at the Pareto Optimal outcome of equity and tax affected debt and looking to econometrically minimize your weighted average cost of capital which is a smart thing to do when you deploy your capital, our whack gets minimized in the 2.5 to 2.75 zone.
So I think that's a pretty healthy position for our balance sheet holistically. And given that we are a cash taxpaying organization being appropriately tuned to the amount of debt within the equity debt mix in terms of the tax effect that debt and leverage this shield constituency to it given our cash tax exposure, I think that's the right way of managing our mix and lowering or minimizing our weighted average cost of capital technically speaking.
Great, thank you.
Okay. Thanks Richard. And thank you all for taking the time to join us today, if you have any follow-up questions, feel free to contact the Investor Relations team. Have a good afternoon.
Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes the TELUS 2018 Q4 earnings conference call. Thank you for your participation and have a nice day.