OPEC February Production Data

|
Includes: BNO, DBO, DTO, DWT, OIL, OILD, OILK, OILU, OILX, OLEM, OLO, SCO, SZO, UCO, USAI, USL, USO, USOD, USOI, USOU, UWT, WTID, WTIU
by: Ron Patterson
Summary

OPEC crude oil production was down 221,000 barrels per day in February.

OPEC 14 crude oil production now stands at 30,549,000 barrels per day.

Major decliners in February were Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

The following OPEC charts were created with data from the OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report. All OPEC charts are through February 2019 and are in thousand barrels per day.

OPEC crude oil production was down 221,000 barrels per day in February. That was after December production had been revised downward by 13,000 bpd and January production revised down by 40,000 bpd.

OPEC 14 crude oil production now stands at 30,549,000 barrels per day. That is the lowest since February 2015. The peak was November 2016 at 33,347,000 bpd. So OPEC production is down 2,798,000 bpd from that point.

There is little doubt that if Libya, Iran and Venezuela had no political problems then OPEC production would exceed that of 2016 peak. Iran's problems will likely be settled in the next couple of years. They will likely recover quite quickly. Libya will take a bit longer to recover to full production if and when their problems are settled. However, it will likely take Venezuela a decade or more when and if their problems are ever settled. But it is likely they will collapse even further, closer to zero production, before their situation even starts to turn around.

Major decliners in February were Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. Everyone else was either relatively flat or up slightly.

Above are the quota numbers for the 11 OPEC members who are subject to quotas. Saudi Arabia is undershooting their quota number by quite a bit. Iraq and Nigeria seem uninterested in any compliance to their quota.

Sanctions on Iran have apparently taken their toll. Iranian production will likely continue to drift upward from here, until sanctions are lifted.

It appears that Iraq has no interest in cutting production. They appear to still be producing flat out.

Kuwait is down about 80,000 barrels per day from their average the last six months of 2018. However, they are down over 100,000 bpd from their average during their peak year of 2013.

Libya, exempt from quotas, seems to be holding steady.

Nigeria seems to be totally uninterested in cutting production.

Saudi Arabia is down 934,000 bpd from their peak in December. They are 221,000 barrels per day below their quota.

The UAE dramatically increased production during the last three months of 2018 in order to increase their quota numbers. They are now exactly at their quota.

Venezuela took a huge hit in February, down 142,000 barrels per day. They will likely be down even more in March due to the blackout.

The data for the four charts below are from the EIA and is in thousand barrels per day through December 2018.

USA production was down 56,000 barrels per day in December to 11,849,000 bpd.

Texas oil production, the USA's largest producer, was up 35,000 barrels per day in December, to 4,877,000 bpd.

North Dakota crude oil production was down 18,000 barrels per day in December to 1,373,000 bpd.

Gulf of Mexico crude oil production was down 125,000 barrels per day in December to 1,802,000 bpd.

The EIA's latest Short-Term Energy Outlook has some very optimistic figures. The below chart gives their Non-OPEC total liquids production estimates for the next two years. That is December 2020 production estimate as compared to their December 2018 production data. The data is in million barrels per day.

The EIA expects total liquids production to increase by 4,470,000 barrels per day over the next two years. The lion's share of that will come from the USA. The rest, 1,350,000 bpd will come from the rest of Non-OPEC.

Notice that they are expecting Russian and Canadian production to taper off but expecting Brazilian production to continue booming. In a July 2017 post, George Kaplan had a different opinion. Brazil: Reserves and Production

George has Brazil peaking in 2018 at just over 2,900,000 barrels per day.

Brazil Crude Oil Production (November 2018)

Crude Oil Production in Brazil decreased to 2567 BBL/D/1K in November from 2614 BBL/D/1K in October of 2018. Crude Oil Production in Brazil averaged 1661.38 BBL/D/1K from 1994 until 2018, reaching an all-time high of 2730 BBL/D/1K in December of 2016 and a record low of 330 BBL/D/1K in May of 1995.

It appears that perhaps Brazil may not be the bonanza the EIA hopes it to be.

The Canadian National Energy Board is out with their latest Crude oil production data with projection through December 2019. They are expecting a huge hit in production starting in January, down by over 550,000 bpd by May 2019 and not recovering until late summer.

I am now of the opinion that 2018 will be the peak in crude oil production, not 2019 as I earlier predicted. Russia is slowing down and may have peaked. Canada is slowing down and Brazil is slowing down. OPEC likely peaked in 2016. It is all up to the USA. Can shale oil save us from peak oil?

Editor’s Note: The summary bullets for this article were chosen by Seeking Alpha editors.