By Stacey Morris
Portfolio construction begins with stating an investment objective and selecting securities to achieve that objective. Investors are essentially seeking the ideal lineup of investments to meet their needs, with countless options from which to choose. Today's post aims to help make that process easier, specifically as it relates to choosing whether to allocate to energy infrastructure in a portfolio. What are the potential benefits of adding energy infrastructure to a portfolio, and where does it fit? These are questions we address briefly here, and in more detail in a corresponding white paper, "The Case for Energy Infrastructure in Your Portfolio." The white paper also includes more charts, a valuation discussion, portfolio simulations, and an overview of midstream access products.
Throughout this piece, the Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index (AMZI) and the Alerian Midstream Energy Select Index (AMEI) are used to represent energy infrastructure. These two indices are reflective of the two main midstream product types - C-Corp Funds and RIC-compliant funds (read more). Utilities are represented by the S&P 500 Utilities Index, and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are represented by the Real Estate 50 Index.
Why invest in energy infrastructure?
Primarily, energy infrastructure provides income, diversification, real asset exposure, and growth potential.
Income with potential tax deferral. Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) have long attracted investors searching for yield. Because they do not pay taxes at the entity level, MLPs are able to pass more of their cash flows on to investors as distributions. As an added benefit, typically 70-100% of MLP distributions are considered a tax-deferred return of capital.
As represented by the AMZI in the chart below, MLPs offer more generous yields than other income-oriented equity investments. Though more modest than MLPs, midstream corporations also offer attractive yields relative to other sectors. AMEI, which consists of 75% midstream C-Corporations and 25% midstream MLPs, provides a greater yield than traditional income investments and the broader market as shown. Current yields for the AMZI and AMEI are above their ten-year averages.
Diversification. Energy infrastructure provides diversification relative to broader market indices as well as other income-oriented investments. For portfolios increasingly allocated to passive products tracking well-known market indices, the diversification benefit of midstream may be particularly attractive. For example, there are currently only three midstream corporations included in the S&P 500 - ONEOK (OKE), The Williams Companies (WMB), and Kinder Morgan (KMI). MLPs are not included in broader market indices.
Notably, energy infrastructure has relatively low correlations with other income-oriented investments, including REITs, Utilities, and Bonds, as shown in the table below. Adding midstream to an income portfolio with these investments could provide diversification, while also enhancing the income profile of the portfolio.
Real Asset Exposure. Real assets provide potential protection in an environment of rising inflation and diversification. Energy infrastructure contracts often have inflation protection built into them, and midstream assets represent "steel in the ground."
Growth Potential. Growth companies generate cash flows (or earnings) at a faster growth rate than the broader economy and have ample opportunities to reinvest in their business. By this definition, North American energy infrastructure companies are growth companies. At the entity and index level, historical EBITDA growth numbers are often distorted by acquisitions. For a less skewed perspective, forward company guidance can be used to evaluate growth. The average implied 2019 EBITDA growth among nineteen midstream companies earlier this year was 8.4%, using the midpoint of guidance and 2018 adjusted EBITDA.
Over the next several years, the outlook for growth remains robust and is being driven by increasing energy production and exports from the US and Canada, which will require more energy infrastructure. Based on a 2018 study from the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America, it is estimated that the US and Canada will require $521 billion in energy infrastructure investments from 2018 to 2035. This forecast implies plentiful opportunities for midstream companies to reinvest cash flows into growth projects.
Where does energy infrastructure fit in your portfolio?
Energy infrastructure could fit in multiple portfolio sleeves, depending on the objective of the investor. Typically, energy infrastructure falls into an energy, equity income, real assets, or equity growth allocation. Relative to other energy investments, midstream offers greater income, is less correlated with oil prices, and tends to perform more defensively in periods of falling crude prices. Within an income sleeve, energy infrastructure can provide attractive diversification, while also enhancing yield. Within an income portfolio, the weighting to energy infrastructure may be 5-10% or potentially higher, depending on the portfolio's objectives.
When weighing investment options for a portfolio, the attractive qualities of energy infrastructure merit consideration. The multi-faceted benefits of an energy infrastructure allocation include income, diversification, real asset exposure, and growth potential. An allocation to energy infrastructure may fit within the energy, income, real assets, or equity growth sleeve of a portfolio. Wanting more charts, data and explanations? Please see below.
Disclosure: © Alerian 2019. All rights reserved. This material is reproduced with the prior consent of Alerian. It is provided as general information only and should not be taken as investment advice. Employees of Alerian are prohibited from owning individual MLPs. For more information on Alerian and to see our full disclaimer, visit Disclaimers.
Stacey Morris is the Director of Research at Alerian, which equips investors to make informed decisions about Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) and energy infrastructure. Ms. Morris engages with the investment community to increase awareness of the Alerian Index Series and support broader understanding of the role that midstream assets play in North American energy markets. Ms. Morris was previously the Investor Relations Manager for Alon USA Energy, overseeing investor communications for the corporation and its variable distribution MLP, Alon USA Partners. Prior to Alon, she covered the integrated majors and refiners at Raymond James as a Senior Associate in the firm’s Equity Research Division. Ms. Morris graduated summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from Stetson University, and is a CFA charterholder.