The BNDX Offers International Bond Access At A Low Fee, But Consider The Allocation

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The Balance of Trade


  • BNDX tracks a Bloomberg Barclays index, and does so at a low cost.
  • Dollar hedging reduces volatility.
  • The country allocation leaves quite a bit to be desired.

The purpose of this article is to help investors who want to participate in the international bond space to weigh the relative benefits of using the Vanguard Total International Bond ETF (NASDAQ:BNDX).

What Does BNDX Do?


The Vanguard Total International Bond ETF holds investment-grade debt issued (mostly) by international government institutions and, to a lesser extent, corporations (which collectively comprise about 20% of fund assets).

The fund hedges currency exposure, though the bonds issued are themselves not dollar denominated. One might question why bother if the holdings are denominated in other currencies, while the fund hedges? The answer is two fold:

  1. Some of these issuers - for example the UK - has a large liquid local-currency bond market and so this is the best (or only) way to tap such securities.
  2. Issuing in local currency creates less uncertainty in the way of debt repayment on the part of the issuers, and currency hedging reduces volatility for US investors.

The goal of the fund is to passively manage to the Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Ex-US Float-Adjusted RIC Capped Index (USD Hedged). What a mouthful!

The fund will only invest in non-dollar denominated, investment grade securities with a maturity of greater than one year out. The index is weighted by the amount of debt that floats freely on the open market. The index strips out the effect of price impact due to a fluctuating US dollar.

Fees are low as the goal is simply to manage to the index.



Fees on the BNDX are low, and have been trending lower since the fund's inception in May 2013. It's a good thing, too, as the yields on the underlying fixed income instruments have also fallen over that time span.

While the fee profile is quite impressive relative to actively managed funds (for example, Templeton Global Bond Fund (TPINX)), the BNDX has competition in the form of other passive funds, with the iShares Core International Aggregate Bond ETF (IAGG) coming chiefly to mind. IAGG also dollar hedges.



BNDX reported last portfolio turnover of 22%. The assets themselves are for the most part quite liquid, but turnover can churn up trading costs via bid-ask spreads. The fund's collective $137B in AUM (BNDX comprises of about $20B of the larger Vanguard allocation to the strategy) requires high liquidity to track and strategically alter its holdings.

BNDX is highly diversified in terms of the specific bond issues that it owns (almost 6,000 credits reside within the fund wrapper), but let's take a closer look.


BNDX has a 4.3% allocation to EM nations (China, Mexico and Indonesia are three of the larger holdings in this category).

Most of the fund's North American allocation is in Canada - 6.1%. Supranational institutions make up 2.5% of its assets.

To my mind, the more worrisome aspect of the fund is that almost 21% is invested in Japan, where public debt levels relative to GDP are alarmingly high:

Add in Italian debt comprising 7% of the fund, and one might at least scratch his or her head in considering the wisdom of such an allocation.

The current yield to maturity on the assets, as reported by Vanguard, is now a measly .4% per annum. In a world of $16T in negative-yielding fixed income instruments, perhaps .4% qualifies as positively juicy.

Concluding Comments

The Vanguard Total International Bond ETF is a low-cost, dollar-hedged way for investors to access the investment-grade international debt markets.

One may for any number of reasons wish to have a stake in this space, and BNDX should be on the radar for ways to take part. Still, I'd give some careful thought to a construction that allows for a nearly 30% allocation to two countries (Japan and Italy) that one might argue are not fiscally sound... all for a .4% YTM.

I see this as more of a momentum play. If you believe that bond yields are going to just keep falling and falling, then this could be a (fairly) well diversified approach to that thesis.

This article was written by

The Balance of Trade profile picture
Adam Zingg, CFA offers both practical and theoretical perspectives that will benefit readers who wish to learn more about how to execute  on views or strategies that interest them.  Whatever your overarching philosophy or expertise, I believe there is value in understanding how trading works. This is perhaps especially true for investors, who often take a more philosophical, less mechanical view when it comes to their processes. It is not my goal to:1) convince you which side of the market to be on2) establish your trading time frames3) have you directly follow any specific trade ideasInstead, I aim to demonstrate how complicated sounding ideas can be simplified and accessible.  My hope is to grow your tool kit of resources, and give you healthy confidence to execute your own personalized strategy.  Trading and investment are fascinating, applicable across a wide variety of fields and disciplines.  Greater focus on targeting, execution, and exit strategies build transferable life skills.  In reading my work, it is my goal that you will consistently glean useful insights and build skills that enhance your ability to trade and make important decisions.

Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

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