ROS - Recession Obsession Syndrome

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Summary

  • Yield curves are inverting, trade wars are heating up, data on manufacturing are softening and the ultimate Federal Reserve change in monetary policy resulted in three rate cuts all occurring simultaneously.
  • In this backdrop, it was hard not to succumb to the ROS forces.
  • The good news is that it looks like the worst of ROS may have passed.

Admit it, there are probably some of you out there who suffered from ROS at some point this year. That's OK, with yield curves inverting, trade wars heating up, data on manufacturing softening and the ultimate Federal Reserve (Fed) change in monetary policy resulting in three rate cuts all occurring simultaneously, it was hard not to succumb to the ROS forces. The good news is that it looks like the worst of ROS may have passed. Let's take a look...

  • U.S. real GDP rose +1.9% in Q3, putting the 2019 pace thus far at +2.3%.
  • Yes, manufacturing and investment have turned lower, but consumer spending, which makes up 70% of the economy, is living up to its reputation and driving growth forward.
  • The consumer continues to be a key supporting factor due to a solid labor force setting.
  • Nonfarm payrolls rose by +128,000 in October, which was 43,000 more than expected, and the prior two months' job gains were revised upward by a combined +95,000.
  • Also, the GM strike and reversal of census hiring reduced the October payroll number by a total of 62,000 (it would have been a +190,000 gain without this impact). These forces will not be repeated going forward.
  • The jobless rate remains at a 50-year low.
  • The unemployment rate did tick up by 0.1 percentage points (pp) to 3.6%, but this was due to a robust gain of +325,000 in the civilian labor force - a sign of optimism, not pessimism, for jobs prospects.
  • Civilian employment posted another solid showing, but the +241,000 gain wasn't enough to offset the surge in the labor force.
  • Wages were back up to +3.0% on a year versus year basis and have now had a "3-handle" for 15 months in a row.
  • Certainly, the interest rate landscape is providing a supportive backdrop as well. Fed Funds are now 75 basis points (bps) lower than where they were just about three months ago, and the UST 10-Year yield is 154 bps lower versus a year ago.
  • The yield curve has "un-inverted," providing a less ominous outlook. The UST 3-month/10-year spread has gone from a low of -51 bps in late August to +21 bps as of this writing, a 70-bps reversal.

Conclusion

Bottom line: While I fully acknowledge a slower-growth backdrop and that headwinds still exist (trade uncertainty, soft global growth), my base case is still no outright recession, where Treasury (UST) rates and U.S. corporate spreads remain range-bound for now.

Unless otherwise stated, all data sourced is Bloomberg, as of November 4, 2019.

Kevin Flanagan, Head of Fixed Income Strategy

As part of WisdomTree's Investment Strategy group, Kevin serves as Head of Fixed Income Strategy. In this role, he contributes to the asset allocation team, writes fixed income-related content and travels with the sales team, conducting client-facing meetings and providing expertise on WisdomTree's existing and future bond ETFs. In addition, Kevin works closely with the fixed income team. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Kevin spent 30 years at Morgan Stanley, where he was most recently a Managing Director. He was responsible for tactical and strategic recommendations and created asset allocation models for fixed income securities. He was a contributor to the Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Global Investment Committee, primary author of Morgan Stanley Wealth Management's monthly and weekly fixed income publications, and collaborated with the firm's Research and Consulting Group Divisions to build ETF and fund manager asset allocation models. Kevin has an MBA from Pace University's Lubin Graduate School of Business, and a B.S in Finance from Fairfield University.

Original Post

Editor's Note: The summary bullets for this article were chosen by Seeking Alpha editors.

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