China Flashes Yellow For Bond Funds And Holders

Dec. 05, 2019 8:16 AM ETCBON, KBND5 Comments1 Like
J.G. Collins profile picture
J.G. Collins


  • China will incur a record level of defaults - $17.3 billion - in 2019.
  • Beijing has made clear it is unwilling to offer carte blanche support to state-owned enterprises.
  • Thus, debt holders of China state-owned enterprises are subject to higher business and credit risk.
  • While still remote, events in Hong Kong and a slowing Chinese economy raise political risks for all categories of Chinese investment.

New York (December 4) - We have warned about the risk of China’s Offshore Corporate Dollar Bonds since at least January of last year. Our fears then were based on reportage from November 2018, by the South China Morning Post warning of $3 trillion in OCDB and warnings by Nomura Securities.

The risks about which we have warned have become more acute in the last several weeks.

Late last month, Bloomberg reported that Tewoo Group Co., Ltd., a state-owned conglomerate with interests in infrastructure, logistics, mining, autos and ports in China, with a footprint in Singapore, Japan, the USA and elsewhere that ranked 132nd in 2018’s Fortune Global 500 list, is set to default on more than $2 billion in OCDBs.

It is telling that Tewoo, a state-owned enterprise, is in default, as it likely signals Beijing is unwilling or unable to grant carte blanche guarantees of SOEs, particularly those owned by municipal or provincial governments. That should concern holders of Chinese debt and others with exposure to Chinese debt. Other state-owned or state-affiliated enterprises are also likely to default. It was reported only today that state-owned Peking University Founder Group - rated AAA - had defaulted on a debt payment, citing a liquidity crunch. According to Fitch, the default rate for private, non-state businesses in China was a record 4.5%. The rate for state-owned companies is just 0.2%, owing to government guarantees. It is reported that China’s businesses had defaulted on $17.3 billion worth of bonds so far this year and will almost certainly exceed last year’s record defaults. While these annual defaults amount to just a small portion of the country’s $4.4 trillion onshore debt market, there is risk of contagion and, as always with China, a risk from its chronic lack of financial transparency. The slowing Chinese economy has likely reduced the value of leveraged assets for yuan debt as well.

ChartData by YCharts

(Source: YCharts USD:CNY for One Year)

The precipitous decline in the value of the yuan relative to the dollar puts additional pressure on OCDB. Moreover, word this week that President Trump is prepared to wait on a China trade deal might further reduce the USD:CNY rate, as China has, in the past, reduced yuan values to accommodate US tariffs while maintaining stable US consumer prices for its exports. Investors should beware high-yield China bond funds and search out reliable alternatives with lower risk if the funds have high exposures to Chinese bond debt. Financial institutions and bond funds with significant OCDB exposure should be monitored very closely, especially for signs they could be affected by contagion. The risk is greater because of the increasing appetite for banks, funds, and institutions to invest in China debt because of its higher yields.Appetite for China Debt has Increased

On the outer realm of risk for China debt holders is political risk, which is certainly higher now with events in Hong Kong and China's slowing economy than it was at this time last year. While a revolutionary movement on the mainland appears highly unlikely at this point, a slowing Chinese economy and the brutal crackdown against protesters in Hong Kong increases political risk. Those of us old enough to remember Tiananmen Square 30 years ago, the People Power Revolution in the Philippines in 1986, or the Green Revolutions of the MENA region just few years ago know that organic revolutionary movements can metastasize practically overnight with little or no warning. Were such a revolution to occur in mainland China, or even in one of its provinces, the resulting political turmoil would profoundly impact the creditworthiness of China’s state-owned enterprises and deeply affect bondholders and global liquidity. _______________________________________________________

Note: Our commentaries most often tend to be event-driven. They are mostly written from a public policy, economic, or political/geopolitical perspective. Some are written from a management consulting perspective for companies that we believe to be underperforming and include strategies that we would recommend were the companies our clients. Others discuss new management strategies we believe will fail. This approach lends special value to contrarian investors to uncover potential opportunities in companies that are otherwise in a downturn. (Opinions with respect to such companies here, however, assume the company will not change.) If you like our perspective, please consider following us by clicking the "Follow" link above.

This article was written by

J.G. Collins profile picture
Before establishing The Stuyvesant Square Consultancy, J.G. Collins spent some 30 years building a career in executive and consulting financial roles, with a particular emphasis in business taxation. His experience spans work for Fortune 100 companies, one of the former “Big Eight” international accounting firms, and client service for large middle-market public accounting firms. He has advised domestic and foreign clients in the tax-efficient structuring of legal entities, effective tax rate planning, mergers and acquisitions, corporate reorganizations, treasury operations, financial instruments, international taxation, tax accounting under GAAP, state and local taxation, and sales and miscellaneous taxes. He has managed countless federal and state tax audits to successful resolutions for clients. His experience spans a diverse array of industries, including private equity, motion pictures and music entertainment, fashion, real estate, publishing, technology development, retail, and oil and gas. Mr. Collins conceived and branded the specialty industry entertainment practice of one of the nation’s leading accounting firms and oversaw the business tax marketing program for business enterprises of another large regional firm. Mr. Collins’ marketing collateral and published articles have been extraordinarily well received because of his ability to present intricate and complex aspects of tax, business, policy, and politics in clear, concise, easily understandable prose devoid of jargon and irrelevant detail. An astute, data-driven observer of business, politics and economics, Mr. Collins has advised political candidates and public officials on campaign, political and policy matters for more than two decades, and has twice been a delegate to his political party’s national quadrennial convention to nominate the American president. His expertise as a champion debater and orator in his student days, along with his savvy marketing expertise, has allowed Mr. Collins to coach private and public sector executives and candidates on public speaking, speech writing, message development and successful business presentations. Campaign collateral he developed for political campaigns has been used in university courses as an “excellent example of persuasive campaign advertising”. Mr. Collins holds degrees in Economics and Accounting from the Stern School of Business, New York University. His elective coursework included a number of political science courses, including International Politics, International Organizations, European Politics and other more basic political science courses.

Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: The views expressed, including the outcome of future events, are the opinions of the firm and its management only as of today, December 4, 2019, and will not be revised for events after this document was submitted to Seeking Alpha editors for publication. Statements herein do not represent, and should not be considered to be, investment advice. You should not use this article for that purpose. This article includes forward looking statements as to future events that may or may not develop as the writer opines. Before making any investment decision you should consult your own investment, business, legal, tax, and financial advisers.

To ensure this doesn’t happen in the future, please enable Javascript and cookies in your browser.
Is this happening to you frequently? Please report it on our feedback forum.
If you have an ad-blocker enabled you may be blocked from proceeding. Please disable your ad-blocker and refresh.