Arrow Financial: Slow-And-Steady Growth But Value Not Compelling

Dec. 10, 2019 6:02 AM ETArrow Financial Corporation (AROW)6 Comments1 Like


  • Arrow Financial is conservative, slow-and-steady growth stock.
  • The company operates two regional banks and an insurance company in upstate New York.
  • The dividend is well covered by free cash flow, but the payout grows fairly slowly and the current yield is only 2.9%.
  • The dividend yield is lower than its historical average, and the stock is around fair value by price/sales and price/earnings.
  • The income investor more interested in capital preservation than growth is the ideal fit for this company's stock.

Initiation of Coverage

Arrow Financial (NASDAQ:AROW) is a holding company that owns and operates two regional banks and an insurance company in upstate New York. The banks, Glens Falls National Bank and Saratoga National Bank, rank highly in American Banker's "Mid-Tier Performers" list and enjoy a strong presence in their counties of operations.

In what follows, I describe the typically slow-and-steady growth of Arrow, as well as the current valuation and the price at which I would consider the stock a buy.

Image Source: AROW 2018 Annual Review

The Company

Arrow's family of companies provide a range of financial services ranging from standard retail banking to trust management to insurance products. About 78% of income is derived from interest on loans and dividends from securities, while the other 22% comes from non-interest income such as mortgage fees, retail banking fees, insurance commissions, wealth management fees, and gains on the sales of loans and securities.

Arrow's 3.07% net interest margin in Q3 2019 compares with the average of all US banks of 3.34%. This isn't necessarily a bad sign, though. It probably signifies that Arrow's loans are, on the whole, more conservative than that of the average bank and thus command lower interest rates. Besides, the net interest margin has actually risen this past year from its level of 3.02% in Q3 2018, even as interest rates have fallen.

On the other hand, we find from Arrow's Q3 Earnings Tables that 3% of assets are in the form of cash or interest-bearing deposits and the bank's loan-to-deposit ratio comes in at a conservative 0.89x. This suits the slow-growing economy of the Eastern section of Upstate New York in which Arrow primarily operates. We also find evidence of the bank's financial conservatism in that nonperforming assets as a percentage of the total sit at a low 0.19%, down from 0.24% in Q3 2018.

Arrow's return on average assets is mediocre but very stable and improving, with an annualized rate of 1.32% in the most recent quarter, compared to 1.28% in Q3 2018. It's around the same as that of KeyCorp (KEY) but lower by 15 basis points or more than Washington Trust Bancorp (WASH) and PNC Financial Services Group (PNC).

ChartData by YCharts

Total assets continue to grow at a modest pace, rising 5% YoY in Q3. Loans rose 9.6% YoY. Commercial real estate currently makes up 21.3% of total loans, while 38.1% is in residential loans. Rounding out the loan book are consumer loans at 34.5% and commercial loans at 6.1%.

Book value per share and shareholders' equity both increased from 2014 to 2018 at a 7.6% average annual growth rate.

Source: 2018 Annual Review

Valuation And Dividend Coverage

Arrow's price-to-revenue and price-to-earnings have both ticked up since 2017, and now neither are at a level that make it a screaming buy.

ChartData by YCharts

Taking the above three valuation metrics together, it appears that Arrow is neither undervalued nor egregiously overvalued. Rather, it seems fairly valued to slightly overvalued based on its historical valuations over the past full cycle. Arrow has benefited from a strong Q3 earnings report along with the short-term bottoming and slight uptick of interest rates recently.

From 2010 to 2016, investors could pick up shares of Arrow between a 3.5% and 4.2% dividend yield. With the current dividend yield of 2.9%, income investors are not offered a bargain right now, although the yield is around the middle of its range since the beginning of 2017.

Having raised its dividend for 27 years in a row (making it a Dividend Aristocrat), Arrow's stock price seems to have gotten an extra tailwind of interest from dividend growth investors in the last few years. The Dividend Aristocrat status has earned Arrow a premium, even if dividend growth hasn't picked up correspondingly.

On the plus side, dividend safety is superb. Since the Great Recession began in December 2007, the quarterly dividend has been amply covered by earnings 100% of the time and by free cash flow most of the time. In the post-recession recovery, dividend coverage has been phenomenal and consistent.

ChartData by YCharts

In the last twelve months, Arrow has paid out 41.4% of earnings and 47.7% of FCF. However, payout ratios based on income measurements don't tell the most accurate story for Arrow since they regularly pay out stock as dividends in addition to cash dividends.

While the latest dividend hike came in at 5%, the 10-year average is closer to 3%. The 26-year average is 3.7%.

Assuming one bought shares at a 3% starting yield and Arrow continued dividend growth at an average rate of 3% per year, one would have a yield-on-cost after 10 years of only 4.03%. What about a 3.7% dividend growth rate? That brings it up to only a 4.31% 10-year YoC. Even for a slow-and-steady dividend growth stock, this is pretty uninspiring. There are other regional banks with similar risk profiles offering better long-term income prospects than Arrow.

Purchasing shares at a 4% dividend yield would render a somewhat more attractive 5.75% 10-year YoC. A 4.25% starting yield would render a 6.1% 10-year YoC. Being generous to Arrow and assuming a 4.5% annual dividend growth rate off of a starting yield of 4.25%, investors could expect a 6.6% 10-year YoC. While below my minimum target of 7% for conservative investments, I find a YoC on the 6s acceptable for this Dividend Aristocrat.

That said, a 4.25% starting yield would require an entry price of $24.50 per share, which almost certainly won't come about unless the US falls sharply into recession. Even then, it's unlikely that Arrow's stock would reach that level. If purchased at the lowest possible price during the Great Recession, a shareholder in Arrow would currently be enjoying a yield-on-cost of 5.9%. As such, Arrow is a pass for me.

However, for conservative income investors more concerned with capital preservation than income growth, Arrow might be a fine choice going forward.

ChartData by YCharts

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This article was written by

Austin Rogers profile picture
Become a “Passive Landlord” with our 8% Yielding Real Estate Portfolio.

My adult life can be broken out into three distinct phases. In my early 20s, I earned a bachelor's degree in Cinema & Media Arts (emphasis in screenwriting), but I hated working in Hollywood. Too much schmoozing and far too much traffic. So, after leaving California, I earned a Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing from Western State Colorado University. I loved writing fiction, but it didn't pay the bills.

In my mid-20s, I became a real estate agent and gained some very valuable experience in residential and commercial real estate. But my passion for writing never went away.

Now, in my early 30s, I write for Jussi Askola's excellent marketplace service, High Yield Landlord, as well as its sister service, High Yield Investor. I also perform freelance research for a family office that owns and manages over 40 net lease commercial properties in Texas and Arkansas. Writing about finance and investing scratches that creative itch while paying the bills - the best of both worlds.

I'm a Millennial with a long-term horizon and am fascinated with the magic of compound interest and dividend growth investing. I also have an interest in macroeconomic trends, though I am but an amateur in that field.


Disclosure: I am/we are long WASH. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

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