VWEHX: 2.5 More Years Of Awesome Performance

Dane Van Domelen profile picture
Dane Van Domelen


  • In March 2017, I pointed out the surprisingly high risk-adjusted returns of Vanguard's high-yield VWEHX over a 24-year period.
  • Performance since then has been fantastic: 6.3% annualized growth, 5.4% max drawdown.
  • As in the previous analysis, the Sharpe ratio is nearly as good as the short-term VFSTX (0.114 vs. 0.123).
  • Outperforming passive high-yield ETFs in all metrics, beating the 10 largest high-yield ETFs in growth.

My experience with VWEHX

A few years ago, I wrote about the impressive performance of the Vanguard High Yield Corporate Fund Investor Shares (MUTF:VWEHX; also available with higher minimum/lower fees as MUTF:VWEAX). From October 1993 to March 2017, VWEHX averaged 6.4% annualized growth with a max drawdown of 30.2%. Its Sharpe ratio of 0.088 was more than twice that of the S&P's.

I decided to incorporate VWEHX into my retirement portfolio, using it as a second alpha-generating fund along with VBLTX.

2.5 years later, more of the same

Last time, I compared VWEHX to four other Vanguard funds: VFSTX (short-term bonds), VFICX (intermediate-term bonds), VWESX (long-term bonds), and VFINX (the S&P). The purpose of including these three bond funds was to show that VWEHX's Sharpe ratio placed it between the short- and intermediate-term funds. I found this very surprising; I would expect junk bonds to have decent growth potential, but not such strong risk-adjusted performance.

Fast-forward to late 2019 and we see the exact same trend continuing. Here's annualized growth, max drawdown, and Sharpe ratio for the four funds in the previous time period (left column) and since then (right column).

Performance metrics for VWEHX and other funds over two time periods.

The ordering of funds is identical for the two time periods, save for one difference: for max drawdown, VWEHX overtook VWESX (better max drawdown) in the more recent time period.

Outperforming passive high yield ETFs

We'd like to see VWEHX outperform passive high yield ETFs. The two big ones are the iShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond ETF (HYG) and the SPDR Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Bond ETF (JNK), which have net assets of about $19 billion and $11 billion, respectively.

VWEHX has indeed outperformed these two ETFs in all traditional metrics.

Table 1. Performance from March 13, 2017, to December 6, 2019.

Ticker Annualized growth (%) Max drawdown (%) Mean (%) SD (%) Sharpe
VWEHX 5.6 6.4 0.022 0.29 0.076
HYG 5.2 7.1 0.020 0.29 0.071
JNK 6.3 5.4 0.024 0.21 0.114

Outperforming the 10 largest high yield ETFs

Let's see how VWEHX compares to the 10 largest high yield ETFs based on total assets according to ETFdb.com. Actually, we already looked at the top 2 (HYG and JNK), so I'll include the 3rd through 12th largest (skipping USHY, since it was introduced in October 2017).

Annualized growth vs. max drawdown for VWEHX and 10 high-yield ETF

More evidence of excellent performance. Over this past 2.5-year period, VWEHX has achieved stronger growth than all 10 of these high-yield ETFs, and its max drawdown is reasonable as well.

The one downside: Positive beta, trending upwards

There is one practical issue with VWEHX: it tends to be slightly positively correlated with equities. Recently, its beta has become slightly more positive, as we see here using SPY as a benchmark.


VWEHX caught my eyes back in early 2017, and since then, it's continued to have excellent performance. It has strong growth potential along with risk-adjusted returns rivaling those of short-term bonds; it consistently outperforms passive high-yield ETFs; and it's currently outperforming all of the top 10 (really 12) high-yield ETFs in terms of overall growth.

The fund won't synergize with equities as well as I'd like due to its positive beta, but I'll keep VWEHX in my own three-fund portfolio as a reliable alpha generator.

This article was written by

Dane Van Domelen profile picture
I am a statistician and individual investor. While my investments are mostly in low-cost index funds, I enjoy analyzing stock market trends and trying to find ways to beat the market.

Disclosure: I am/we are long VWEHX. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: The author used Yahoo! Finance to obtain historical stock prices and used R (including the "stocks" package) to analyze data and generate figures.

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