How Global Weather Has Pressured Natural Gas And Coffee And Helped Cocoa Prices

Jan. 21, 2020 7:57 AM ETBAL, DGAZ, JO, NIB, UNG7 Comments5 Likes
James Roemer profile picture
James Roemer


  • Lack of snow cover and CLIMATE PREDICT weather program creating warm US winter and lowest natural gas prices in years.
  • Why coffee prices have collapsed again and cocoa is in a bull market.
  • While many forecasters disagree, the reasons why El Nino conditions exist.

Natural gas, coffee and cocoa are the main weather markets

There have been a tremendous amount of weather in multiple commodities the last couple months with natural gas (UNG) and coffee futures (JO) seeing the most influence. A combination of a weak El Nino, a melting polar ice cap and various teleconnections you see here regarding global ocean temperatures, has resulted in one of the warmest US winters in recent memory.

December 4th forecast of a warm US winter (red - departure from normal temps) from Jim Roemer's in house Climate Predict long range weather forecast program using a weak El Nino, weather conditions over Antarctica (-AAO index) and the cool waters over Indonesia that has resulted in drought there (positive Indian Dipole)

As a result, the triple inverse natural gas ETF (DGAZ) has seen a stellar 100-150% gain. I became bearish natural gas in a Seeking Alpha article I wrote back in late November (though I referred to the short natural gas, etc., as UGAZ, but meant DGAZ). But you get the picture, you can read the old article, here.


It's really a bit late to sell natural gas at these prices, but it is possible prices could still continue to drop to the lowest level in many years. Whether there is a cold late winter or spring will determine if there is major short covering. This information is reserved for my premium clients.

With respect to coffee, there were a whole lot of "drought mongers" that created fear in the market place last December about a drought in Brazil to coffee. We disagreed. Since then, coffee prices have settled back some 25% the last few weeks. Coffee prices also rallied from 98 cents to $1.41 a month ago because of tight nearby supplies and too big of a short position. I think the warm northern Hemispheric winter is also cutting into global coffee consumption.

El Nino conditions exist

I wrote an interesting article here about why I feel El Nino is still hanging on and is having some influence on global weather patterns and commodities.

One important teleconnection that signifies if there is an El Nino or not, is called global angular momentum (GLAAM). This has to do with "torque" in the atmosphere and involves a complex mathematical formula. It is often as important as warm ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific and the Southern Oscillation Index.

There are two states of GLAAM. Positive states represent El Nino conditions, while negative states represent La Nina conditions. Presently, we are in a positive state and you can see how I forecasted weeks ago, Brazil coffee receiving good rains. Now, I am a bit concerned about dry weather for West African cocoa. The cocoa ETF (NIB) has more upside potential.

A typical El Nino phenomenon involves a complete reversal of the Trade Winds along the equator (as the map below shows). While there are not official warnings of an El Nino from NOAA and others, the positive GLAAM state still suggests that parts of the world are acting like it: The fires in Australia, drought in Indonesia, wet weather and severe weather in the southern US, the warm US winter, etc. etc.

In conclusion, you may ask, "OK, how do I play commodities if we have an El Nino signal?" This can be a bit tricky because, again, we do not have an official strong El Nino. Hence, present weak El Nino conditions could ease before or by summer. A weak El Nino can disrupt global weather patterns just as much as a strong one. I think the recent drought in Australia will mean less cotton production and potentially higher cotton prices (BALB). In addition, given both weather and strong Asian demand for cocoa, my bias is bullish the cocoa ETF (NIB) in the weeks ahead. Natural gas (UNG)) prices will be poised for a strong short covering rally sometime later this winter or spring, but the timing of such will depend on the weather and pre-summer buying.

This article was written by

James Roemer profile picture
Jim Roemer owns the site ( offering FREE and SUBSCRIPTION BASED weather-related blogs for commodity traders and farmers. He also is co-founder of CLIMATE PREDICT, the most detailed and accurate long-range global weather forecast tool. He was one of the first meteorologists ever to become an NFA registered Commodity Trading Advisor and has worked with major hedge funds, Midwest farmers and traders for over 30 years. His unique ability to forecast both short and longer range weather trends, with a special emphasis on interpreting market psychology and major market moves in grains, softs, and the energy markets, has made him a global industry leader in the commodity risk management industry.

Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

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