Management's miscues handicap the company.
A historical overview of AT&T provides evidence of stunningly poor performance.
Current initiatives face fierce headwinds.
I sold my AT&T (T) shares!
I trade with 10% of my portfolio as a means largely to stay connected to the market. Otherwise, I am a buy and hold investor. The research I conducted for this article proves AT&T is a poor long-term investment. It has badly underperformed over 20 and 10 year periods, and I provide proof of my claim in this article. Aside from those that rely on income from dividend streams, and then for relatively short time frames, the stock is a manifestly poor investment.
That will likely prove true until the management and culture of AT&T changes.
Subpar Management Begets Poor Results
Back in November, I warned SA readers that AT&T shares had likely reached a peak. Since that time, the stock is down roughly 6% (there goes the annual dividend) while the S&P has climbed nearly 5%.
In early September, AT&T stock surged with news that activist investor Elliott Management held shares valued at $3.2 billion in the company.
Here is an excerpt from a letter Elliott sent to AT&T's board of directors:
"What has attracted our attention, as well as the attention of other shareholders - from large institutions to individual AT&T employees - has been the prolonged and substantial underperformance of AT&T as an investment relative to its potential."
AT&T's Management On How Not To Manage
DirecTV was acquired by AT&T in 2014 for $67 billion. Elliott is pressuring the company to sell off DirecTV, and management has stated it is open to the idea. However, reasonable estimates of DirecTV's current valuation stand at $50 billion or less.
Since 2014, the firm lost nearly 3.5 million DirecTV subscribers, according to a study conducted by Statista. Prior to the DirecTV acquisition, shareholders watched as the company lost $4 billion, $3 billion of which was paid to rival T-Mobile (TMUS), after backing out of a proposed merger of the two companies.
The most recent quarterly report is not reassuring. AT&T missed revenue projections by $140 million while revenues fell 2.4%. The chart below illustrates the drop in margins for HBO YoY.
Source: Q4 Investor briefing
Add to that the declines in the WarnerMedia segment. AT&T lost nearly 1.2 million video subscribers in 2019. This is a story of a company that is failing in the arena that will supposedly boost revenues.
Source: AT&T 4Q Presentation
AT&T's Time Warner Faces Fierce Competition
Last November, Disney (DIS) was the talk of Wall Street pundits when the company revealed Disney Plus had garnered over 10 million subscribers the day after its release. One team of analysts increased the company's five year subscriber target by 50% to 90 million.
Meanwhile the Wall Street Journal reported Apple TV+ had 33.6 million subscribers in Q4.
One obstacle to the company's plan is the fact that HBO Max is generally priced above rivals' offerings.
Monthly Subscription Rates
HBOMax AMZN Prime CBS
$14.99 $12.99 $5.99
Netflix Hulu Apple TV+ Peacock
$8.99/$15.99 $5.99 $4.99 Free*
(*For Comcast subscribers, $4.99 for all others)
In addition to the above, Verizon (NYSE:VZ) and Disney are offering a free year of Disney+ to Verizon's unlimited data subscribers. Will AT&T build to 50 million subscribers when competing with lower priced rivals? Will the company be forced to lower subscription rates to match competitors?
AT&T Is Losing In The Company's Key Arena
I originally invested in T due to the company's position as a premier provider of cell phone services. I consider T and VZ very safe investments due to their position in that industry. During the last three quarters of FY19, AT&T was taken to the woodshed by rivals.
T-Mobile added 1,000,000 postpaid customers. If the Sprint (S)/ T-Mobile merger comes to fruition, AT&T will face stiffer competition in the cell phone arena.
In that same time period, VZ added 790,000 postpaid phone subscribers (versus 653,000 during the same period last year). Postpaid numbers are significant because those customers are much more likely to remain with the carrier. AT&T added 229,000 postpaid customers.
Another Reason I'm Not Investing In AT&T
Consider this: Since the current CEO gained the helm in 2007, AT&T's stock is down roughly a dollar a share. During that same time period, Verizon shares increased by roughly 50%, and the S&P 500 more than doubled. Verizon is the closest one can come to finding a twin for AT&T.
Management's subpar performance combined with subscriber losses and fierce competition steers me away from AT&T.
Still Not Convinced? A Lesson For The Yield Hungry
It is a simple task to point to a FANG stock to provide a tough comparison for AT&T shareholders. What if we turn to a mundane seller of everyday commodities? Let's try something as lowly as Spam.
On 01/02/2000, Hormel (HRL) shares hit $6.74. As I write these words, the stock sells for roughly $47. But wait, the shares split 2 for one on three occasions. So if you invested $674 on 100 shares of the Spam maker in 2000, you would now have 800 shares worth roughly $37,600. Furthermore, the annual dividend increased from $0.0875 per share to $0.84. (Don't forget, that's .84 X 800 versus .0875 X 100.) So the annual dividend is roughly equivalent to the original purchase price in 2000.
And the price of AT&T in the same time period? That stock sold for $47 a share in 2000! The dividend at that time was a hair over $0.24 a share.
"More money has been lost reaching for yield than at the point of a gun." - Raymond DeVoe Jr.
Perhaps you believe I cherry picked time frames and companies. OK, let's try a different time frame and a company occupying a space that doesn't include mind dazzling tech offerings.
Exactly ten years before I typed these words, AT&T stock sold for roughly $25 per share.
On that same day, Lowe's (LOW) shares traded for a bit above $22.
Today T shares are a hair under $38, LOW shares trade just above $122.
Ten years ago, AT&T shareholders received a quarterly dividend of $0.42 a share.
Lowe's dividend was at $0.09
Today T has a quarterly dividend of $0.52 a share and Lowe's of $0.55.
In the same time period, T shares are up a bit over 50% and Lowe's shares have roughly quintupled, and Lowe's dividend now surpasses AT&T's.
There are those who claim HBO Max will propel the shares to new heights. Well, maybe, but I'm not convinced. As outlined above, AT&T has a history of underperformance. Furthermore, the company is touting HBO Max as a major growth driver.
Will AT&T management finally rise above the competition with HBO Max? Will that drive AT&T above $40 a share?
Only time and the market can answer those questions. Meanwhile, it behooves those invested in the firm to keep a close eye on this company, especially developments related to HBO Max.
There are positives in the AT&T story. AT&T is a Dividend Aristocrat, and historically Dividend Aristocrats outperform the broader market. The company operates in an oligopoly, has a safe dividend and a yield that serves those seeking a reliable source of income. The company is making inroads to pay down debt, and the company's debt is rated investment grade, albeit two notches above junk. Through fiscal year 2019, EPS and revenues both increased by 1.4%.
Nevertheless, the company has a long history of underperforming the market. I do not believe long-term investors should sell their shares, nor do I believe the company is in an existential crisis. My position is that there are better investments. Furthermore, the future for the company is opaque. I seek investments with a clear future and sound management.
One Last Word
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Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.
Additional disclosure: I have no formal training in investing. All articles are my personal perspective on a given prospective investment and should not be considered as investment advice. Due diligence should be exercised and readers should engage in additional research and analysis before making their own investment decision. All relevant risks are not covered in this article. Readers should consider their own unique investment profile and consider seeking advice from an investment professional before making an investment decision.