UMH Properties, Inc. (NYSE:UMH) Q4 2019 Results Earnings Conference Call March 6, 2020 10:00 AM ET
Nelli Madden - Director of Investor Relations
Samuel Landy - President, Chief Executive Officer
Anna Chew - Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
Eugene Landy - Chairman of the Board
Brett Taft - Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
James Lykins - Vice President of Capital Markets
Daniel Landy - Vice President
Conference Call Participants
Barry Oxford - D.A. Davidson
Rob Stevenson - Janney
Craig Kucera - B. Riley FBR
Good morning and welcome to UMH Properties Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2019 Earnings Conference Call. All participants will be in listen-only mode. [Operator Instructions]. After today's presentation, there will be an opportunity to ask questions. [Operator Instructions]. Please note, this event is being recorded.
It is now my pleasure to introduce your host, Miss. Nelli Madden, Director of Investor Relations. Thank you. Miss. Madden, you may begin.
Thank you very much, operator. In addition to the 10-K that we filed with the SEC yesterday, we have filed an unaudited annual and third quarter supplemental information presentation. The supplemental information presentation along with our 10-K are available in the company's website at umh.reit.
I would like to remind everyone that certain statements made during this conference call, which are not historical facts, may be deemed forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The forward-looking statements that we make on this call are based on our current expectations and involve various risks and uncertainties.
Although the company believes the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, the company can provide no assurance that its expectations will be achieved. The risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations are detailed in the company's annual 2019 earnings release and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The company disclaims any obligation to update its forward-looking statements.
In addition, during today's call, we will be discussing non-GAAP financial metrics. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial metrics to the comparable GAAP financial metrics as well as explanatory and cautioning language are included in our earnings release, our supplemental information and our historical SEC filings.
Having said that, I would like to introduce management with us today, Eugene Landy, Chairman, Samuel Landy, President and Chief Executive Officer, Anna Chew, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, Brett Taft, Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, James Lykins, Vice President of Capital Markets and Daniel Landy, Vice President.
It is now my pleasure to turn the call over to UMH's President and Chief Executive Officer, Samuel Landy.
Thank you very much, Nelli. We are pleased to report our results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31st, 2019. UMH delivered a total shareholder return of approximately 40% in 2019. Our total market capitalization at year-end was over $1.5 billion. Our manufacturing housing portfolio now consists of 122 communities with approximately 23,100 developed home sites.
Our portfolio represents the sixth largest in the nation. Our platform delivers reliable long term results. The success we've experienced at our turnaround communities has been exceptional. This success translates into enduring value for our shareholders.
2019 our same property NOI increased by $4 million. Applying a current market cap rate of 5% to our increase in NOI results in $80 million in additional value or $2 per share. We will be able to monetize this value through the refinancing of these communities in the coming years.
I am pleased to report that in 2019, total income rose to $147 million representing an increase of 13% over 2018. This growth was driven by a 13% increase in rental and related income and a 14% increase in sales. The community net operating income has grown to $67 million, an increase in 10% over 2018.
This is the ninth consecutive year that we have delivered over 10% rental and related income growth and the fourth consecutive year that we have delivered sales growth of over 10%. Our ability to maintain double-digit growth in revenue and sales year-after-year continues to validate our business plan.
Our increased income is attributable to our acquisitions and the success of our rental home program. During the year, we added a total of 882 rental homes to our portfolio. This brings our total rental home portfolio to 7,400 homes.
As of year-end, the occupancy rate on our rentals was 92.3% which is in line with where it has been for the past several years. Our average monthly rent per home is now $765 representing an increase of 3.1% over the prior year.
Rental home program is a key component of our business plan. It allows us to quickly and efficiently increase occupancy resulting in improved community operations. We are satisfied with the length of time that residents are staying in the homes and they are generally left in good condition upon move-out. We have a waiting list of our rental homes at many properties throughout our portfolio.
We continue to execute on our growth strategy by acquiring four communities containing 1500 sites for a total purchase price of approximately $56.2 million. These communities are well located in markets that have been experiencing strong demand. These communities are turnaround properties that we purchased at a blended occupancy rate of only 62%.
As we implement our business plan and integrate these communities into our portfolio, we expect to increase occupancy income and value. The acquisition market remains extremely competitive. Cap rates remain near all-time lows. We do have offers out on several properties and anticipate continuing our opportunistic growth strategy through additional value added acquisitions.
Our same property portfolio continues to deliver strong results. Same property income for the year was up 7% over 2018 and expenses were up 7.6% resulting in same property NOI growth of 6.4%.
Increased expenses are primarily related to the turnaround work being completed at our recent acquisitions. These expenses will result in higher quality and better maintained communities. We were able to obtain same property rent increases of 3.6% in 2019 bringing our average site rental rates of $457.
The same property occupancy rate improved to 160 basis points to 83.8%. This translates to an increase of 333 revenue producing sites. We remain encouraged by the year-over-year growth of our sales operation. Gross sales for 2019 were $18 million representing an increase of 14% over 2018, so the total of 299 homes of which 135 were new home sales, and 164 were used home sales.
Our average sale price was $60,000 as compared to $53,000 in the prior year period. The gross mark-up percentage in 2019 was 28% as compared to 26% in 2018. We have several community expansions and strong sales markets coming online that should drive additional sales growth.
We believe, we are well-positioned to grow our sales profitability in 2020. Our expansion program is progressing nicely. We have now completed a total of 90 sites at our all-rental community Memphis Blues. 39 sites were completed in 2018, and fully occupied within one year. 51 sites were recently completed in 2019, and we expect these sites to also lease up within a year. We have three other expansions currently being developed which will contain a total of 191 sites. These sites are expected to be completed in the second quarter. We are working to obtain approvals for 750 sites in 2020. Including the 191 sites currently being developed, we expect to deliver approximately 350 completed expansion sites. These newly developed expansion sites will allow us to continue our sales and rental growth in communities that have consistently produced excellent results.
We fund our growth with the issuance of new capital including the issuance of preferred stock. We have a 52-year history of profitably deploying the new capital into new acquisitions, expansions, capital improvement and rental homes. Issuing Preferred has the short term negative impact on FFO, but as we invest the proceeds into our platform, we are able to increase NAV and ultimately our earnings.
The $100 million of new preferred rates in 2019 reduced FFO by approximately $0.12 per share. Most of this capital was not deployed until the fourth quarter. FFO for 2019 was $0.63 per share, heading back to $0.12 would increase our earnings to $0.75 per share. By focusing solely on FFO per share, the value created in our portfolio was not being reflected. That value can be measured by our 6.4% increase in same property NOI, which translates into an $80 million increase in community value or approximately $2 per share.
We see ourselves as a growth company and traditional reliance on per share FFO does not work as the sole way to evaluate our performance and to value our company. Looking ahead to 2020, we believe that we are well-positioned to substantially grow our earnings. We have budgeted a 4% site rent increase for 2020, and we expect to install and rent an additional 800 to 900 rental homes. This should result in total revenue growth of over $12 million. The community net operating income should increase by $6 million or more.
Our sales operation also has the potential to increase FFO further. In addition, we have $95 million outstanding in Series B 8% Perpetual Preferred stock that is callable in October. We are confident that we can replace this capital with a substantially lower rate and thereby generate significant savings that will help drive per share earnings growth. This is something that we are already working on.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank our dedicated UMH team for all their hard work. We are proud of the results achieved by our team and remain optimistic about the prospects for our company and our industry.
Now Anna will provide you with greater detail on our results for the quarter and for the year.
Thank you, Sam. Funds from operations or FFO was $7 million or $0.17 per diluted share for the fourth quarter of 2019 compared to $7.4 million or $0.19 per diluted share for the prior year period. Normalized FFO, which excludes realized gains on the sale securities and other non-recurring items, was $7.1 million or $0.17 per diluted share for the fourth quarter of 2019 compared to $7.4 million or $0.19 per diluted share for the prior year period.
For the full year 2019, FFO was $24.6 million or $0.61 per diluted share compared to $27 million or $0.72 per diluted share for 2018. Normalized FFO was $25.2 million or $0.63 per diluted share for 2019, compared to $27.5 million or $0.74 per diluted share for 2018.
These decreases were primarily attributable to the impact of our raise in capital and a reduction in dividend income from our securities portfolio. Sequentially, normalized FFO increased 13% as compared to the third quarter.
Rental and related income for the quarter was $33.6 million compared to $29.6 million a year ago, representing an increase of 14%. For the full year, rental and related income increased from $113.8 million in 2018 to $128.6 million in 2019, an increase of 13%. These increases were primarily due to community acquisitions, the addition of rental homes and the growth in occupancy.
Community NOI increased by 16% for the quarter, from $15.4 million in 2018, to $17.8 million in 2019. For the full year, community NOI increased from $60.9 million in 2018 to $66.9 million in 2019, an increase of 10%. This is the ninth consecutive year that we have achieved double digits year-over-year NOI growth.
As we turn to our capital structure, at year-end, we had approximately $457 million in debt of which $373 million was community level mortgage debt, and $84 million were loans payable. 82% of our total debt is fixed rate. The weighted average interest rates on our mortgage debt was 4.14% at year-end 2019 compared to 4.29% in the prior year.
The weighted average maturity on our mortgage debt was six years at year-end 2019 compared to 6.3 years a year ago. During the year, we issued $100 million of our 6.75% CVC Perpetual Preferred Stock. We made further increase to our liquidity by implementing a preferred ATM program.
During the year, we issued 351,000 shares of our 6.375 Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock for net proceeds of approximately $15.9 million after offering costs under our ATM program.
Subsequent to year-end, we sold an additional 2.6 million shares of our Series D Preferred stock generating net proceeds of $63.1 million. We will be using these proceeds for general corporate purposes, which includes the purchase of manufactured homes for sale lease to customers, expansion of our existing communities, acquisitions of additional properties, and paying down our lines of credit on a temporary basis.
We have also raised $31.5 million through our dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan. At year-end, UMH had a total of $405 million in Perpetual Preferred equity. Our preferred stock, combined with an equity market capitalization of $647 million and our $457 million in debt results in a total market capitalization of approximately $1.5 billion at year-end representing an increase of 28% over the prior year period.
From a credit standpoint, our net debt to total market capitalization was 29%. Our net debt less securities to total market capitalization was 22%. Our net debt to adjusted EBITDA was 6.6 times, our net debt less securities to adjusted EBITDA was 12.9 times.
Our interest coverage was 3.5 times and our fixed charge coverage was 1.5 times. From a liquidity standpoint, we ended the year with $12 million in cash and cash equivalents, $60 million available on our credit facility, and $14 million available on our revolving line of credit for the financing of home sales and the purchase of inventory.
Subsequent to year end, the company paid down $54 million on our lines of credit. We also had $116 million in our REIT securities portfolio, encumbered by $38 million in margin loans, which was paid down to $3 million subsequent to year-end.
This portfolio represents approximately 9% of our undepreciated assets. We limit our portfolio to no more than 15% of our undepreciated assets. With the exception of reinvesting our dividends in Monmouth REIT, we are committed to not increasing our investments in the REIT securities portfolio.
With our strong financial position and access to the capital markets, we are well-positioned to continue our growth initiatives. And now, let me turn it over to Gene before we open it up for questions.
I am extremely proud of the company that we have built over our 52-year history. Our decision to invest in manufactured housing all those years ago has proven to be wise. Affordable housing is possibly the most critical domestic issue facing our nation today. UMH is perfectly positioned to be an integral solution to this affordable housing crisis. We will continue to work to provide unsubsidized, supportable housing in each market that we serve.
In an age where environmental, social and governance concerns are highly valued, UMH have become a preferred investment for institutional investors. Affordable housing is at the number one concern socially. Our industry is finally getting the attention that it deserves from legislatives that are looking for solutions of this crisis. This past summer, UMH was honored to participate in the inaugural innovative housing showcase sponsored by HUD.
We set up a manufactured home on the National Mall in Washington D.C. This event increased awareness about our product on a national level. HUD Secretary, Ben Carson and countless members of Congress along with their staffers and the general public, were able to see firsthand, what a great product we have. Since this event Secretary Carson has continued to advocate the manufactured housing as a part of the solution to the affordable housing crisis.
Our business plan has evolved over the years, but generally it remains the same. Our conservatives stewardship of capital has build long term shareholder value. The best form of governance is the return of hard-earned capital to the shareholders. UMH has always accomplished this in the form of a very reasonable dividend. UMH has a capital stack that includes about $470 million in perpetual preferred, requiring over $32 million in preferred dividends per year.
This preferred capital has allowed us to more than triple the size of the company since 2010. Historically, a blended 6.8% cost of capital is relatively inexpensive. We are living in a world with negative interest rates and a 10-year treasury yield at a record lows of near 1%. Replacing our 8% Series B preferred equity with lower cost debt or replacing it with high multiple common shares will result in improved results.
Financing terms can of course be different in the future. Rates can be the same as now or they can be more expensive. UMH can plan for it, but not assure that the favorable refinancing conditions will occur when our preferred is callable. We look forward to continuing to deliver exceptional results for our shareholders for many years to come.
Thank you. We will now begin the question and answer session. [Operator Instructions] The first question today comes from Barry Oxford of D.A. Davidson. Please go ahead.
Great. Thanks. Sam, when you look at your sales with the low interest rates, do you think you can do a fair bit more in 2020 versus 2019 or not necessarily?
No. We think that sales will grow primarily because of the well located expansions. Predominantly the expansions are in the Nashville market. They're virtually complete. People are very excited about those sales and there's a waiting list there. So, we do anticipate strong sales growth again in 2020.
Right. And Sam, when we think out kind of longer term and this expansion has been highly successful and stuff, do you still have plenty of other properties at which to do this? I mean, we're not going to lose this growth from the company anytime soon?
No. We have 1600 acres to expand which translates to about four units per acre. So approximately 6,400 home sites to build in the future. And in addition to that though, we realized the long time ago, the most efficient way to have vacant lots in inventory was to buy communities with vacancy, because you know exactly how many lots you have available and exactly what they cost to obtain. And we have approximately 4000 vacant sites today that we can continue to fill with both rental homes and sales. And we're very optimistic about both; the rental homes and the sales.
Great. And the last question from me, Sam. Are you still finding acquisitions just a little too pricey right now?
Well we have -- I'm going to let, Brett answer that. But we have some acquisitions. Go ahead Brett.
Yes. So, the acquisition market does remain extremely competitive. There's no doubt about it. We're seeing value at acquisitions trading at what used to be stabilize prices at 5.5%, 6% cap rates. Stabilized deals in our markets are trading 5% or below. So, it has been difficult. That being said, we do have two communities we're working on getting under contract right now. That's about 315 sites. I think realistically, we're looking to do $25 million in acquisitions in 2020. And when opportunity does become available, we will be ready to take advantage of it. But just given what we're seeing in the market I think that's a realistic target.
Great. Thanks for the color guys.
The next question today comes from Rob Stevenson of Janney. Please go ahead.
Good morning, guys. So the $25 million that you're talking about in acquisition would be those two that you talked about in the press release?
No. Those two are at a smaller dollar amount. But we do have our eyes on several other acquisitions. We're waiting to see what happens in the market right now before pulling the trigger on those. But I do believe that coming second quarter, we'll be able to report some improved -- a growing acquisition pipeline.
Okay. What is it costing you now per rental home including those that set up?
It's approximately $50,000. It rises a small percentage each year. But that's approximately the right number.
Okay. So, if I look at the high end of your 800 to 900 rentals for 2020. So $45 million of spend on rental homes, another 25 or so on acquisitions gets you to about 70. How much you guys -- how much of the expansions that you guys are planning to do in 2020 going to run you?
Yes. So figure about $70,000 per site and what number was it?
It's about 25 million we're budgeting for expansion.
You said $20 million.
Okay. So, $45 million for rental home, $25 million for acquisitions, and you said, another $25 million for expansion, so that gets you pushing $100 million or so of capital?
If I heard correctly, your number on the rentals sounded low to me. Your 800 units at 50,000, so that's $40 million there.
Okay. You got the right number. Okay. So yes go ahead.
So I just -- I just wanted to compare that. So you guys have raised close to $100 million in the first two months of the year via the Series D and the DRIP or reinvestment program. And so, I just wanted to figure out, if you've got $100 million of capital that you need for this year, you've already raised essentially that like whether or not there was what else you were going to need to raise capital for in 2020 other than incremental acquisition?
So don't forget the capital budget, approximately $10 million. The financing of home sales that we finance it slightly over 50% of all home sales, which that number will be somewhere above $10 million.
And our big one will be the call of our Series B preferred stock in October, which is $95 million.
That is 8.37 -- 8% and we anticipate especially the way rates are going and not that we can guarantee it, as Gene has said, we anticipate refinancing that at a lower dollar amount either through stock -- preferred -- the common stock, preferred stock, debt, whichever it may be which will give us the best capital stock.
Okay. You guys have talked in the past about taking some of the securities portfolio to redeem the Series B. Is that's still on the table? Or you thinking this now you just got to replace it with either a new series of preferred or some combination of debt and equity?
Well, the first thing I'm trying to do is get a loan against the securities portfolio. I think we only owe $0 3 million against that now and it's over 100 million. And I'd like to borrow $50 million against that. And then I need another $45 million, I can pay off the preferred and we have $260 million in parks fee and clear. We have $350 million homes free and clear. So I think we'll be able to pay of the 8% preferred on October 20th and we look forward to doing it.
Okay. So just to be clear. The plan is either to use leverage on the securities portfolio rather than the equity from the securities portfolio to fund that?
Yes. I don't see selling stocks yielding 7% to pay off an 8% preferred. I'd rather borrow the money at 2% or 3% and pay off an 8% preferred.
Okay. And then, the acquisitions that you guys are looking at now, these are the sort of typical value-add where suboptimal occupancy, you're going to have to clean them off a few sites and those occupancy will initially drop and then you'll start adding rental units and bring them back?
Generally, yes. That's accurate. Again I don't want to get into too many details as they're not under contract yet. But I will say that one of them has vacant sites, but there really aren't too many homes to be removed. The other one is more typical of our acquisition program where there will be a reduction in occupancy before it moves forward.
Okay. And then last one for me. On the rental units if you guys decided to ratchet up to 1200 or something of that nature if there was demand for that. Is there supply to be able to get that, get them delivered, get them set up in a reasonable period of time? Or are you sort of limited by the market at this point to some extent?
There is not a problem at this moment. Although I do hear that there's some problem getting some of the supplies that manufacturers need, as well as delays was set up through. But all of that by the end of the year we'll add our 800 to 900 rental units. But the single most important point of the whole call really is the years we've been doing these rental homes, it only began in about 2011, for us about 2009 for Sun Communities. They're achieving greater and greater acceptance. We're maintaining 95% rental occupancy.
We're making traction with Fannie Mae and others that we have created the best affordable housing product. It's the rental home and the manufactured housing community. And the manufacturers have done everything they can do to build us a great house at a great price. We're using engineers landscape, architects, professional planners to build great rental home communities. And the last hurdle that needs to be jumped is that the loan for developing rental home communities, it's a product that really does not exist today and we are working on it every day and getting very close to developing this with Freddie Mac at this moment. And doing so, we'll reduce your cost of financing rental homes from the 6 and 3A [ph] preferred that we use hopefully to the same rates apartments pay, but certainly 4%.
And we have MHI joining the National Apartment Association, the Multifamily Housing Association. We're trying to have our rental homes accepted as any other form of multi-family housing. And doing so could generate $8 million per year, a new income to us through just reduced interest costs. So there's nothing huge that we can do. We're working on it every day.
Okay. Thanks guys.
[Operator Instructions] The next question comes from Craig Kucera of B. Riley FBR. Please go ahead.
Hey. Good morning. I wanted to talk about submetering. Can you give us an update on sort of where you are in regard to that as we enter 2020 and sort of the plan for 2020, maybe how many units you expect to complete?
Hi. It's Daniel. So, we will be in 2020 probably installing meters at four communities. That will be -- so for 2018 and 2019 the meters that we already installed specifically for 2019 the leases are just starting again to effect. So a lot of them are in the Tennessee region, where water and sewer were particularly expensive. And we anticipate for the meters that we installed in 2018, 2019 and 2020 to have annualized savings of around $300,000.
Got it. And when we -- go ahead. I'm sorry.
So just -- now is a good time to mention for ESG, how much we reduce people's water usage. What do you see there?
Yes. So for the communities where we installed meters, comparing from December -- the December bill of 2019 to the December bill of 2018, we are saving, I believe it was 500,000 gallons, yes, 500,000 gallons a month, which will annualize to 6 million gallons a year. And I think the communities that we just got them installed that in Tennessee I think would be even more savings.
Got it. I guess I was going to circle back on that to your same store operating expenses which were really pretty limited here in the in the fourth quarter. And I guess was that primarily attributable to savings on the utility side particularly water or any color would be great?
That helps us. But the biggest increased expense was tree removal during the year. There's articles about the emerald ash borer in the Northeast and how it would have economic impact, and it affect did have economic impact driving our tree removal costs from under $500,000 to a $1 million. And we believe, we completed the necessary tree removal caused by that. And what happens is live large trees that are near houses, those trees died because of this ash borer and they needed to be removed immediately. And we removed them immediately, which resulted in substantial increase costs. Once they're removed they're gone forever, and we think we've taken care of that.
And just to add, for the fourth quarter there was also -- because that was done during the first three quarters, for the fourth quarter there was a reduction in the repairs and maintenance and tree removal as compared to last year.
Got it. Okay. That makes sense. I want to circle back to sales, understanding that you guys had some expansions and increased investment and selling centers. Volume did decelerate a bit in fourth quarter, certainly relative to last year and I think much of the earlier in the year, but the pricing was up. I guess, were you selling a higher mix -- higher cost mix of homes or is the market bearing you being able to push pricing that much higher here in the fourth quarter?
So for the past two years, new home sales have grown more than overall sales and new home sales are at higher prices. So I believe over the past two years new home sales are up.
New home sales were up 20% last year over the prior year. And like Sam said, they are at a higher price, so that ups our overall average sales price.
And we believe the new home sales growth will continue because of the expansions.
Got it. And one more for me just kind of circling back to the first quarter and traffic patterns. I know seasonally it's -- you start to see things pick up and traffic has been strong. But I'm curious if there's been any sort of deceleration here in February particularly as sort of news flow surrounding coronavirus has picked up or are people still coming in with the same pace as maybe they were earlier in the quarter?
So we actually checked with every regional manager. There is no decline due to the good weather we're busier than ever. Nobody in any of our communities that we know of has lost a job or had less work because of this coronavirus. We've had no changes in occupancy.
Well, we've been off to a very strong start to the year in occupancy actually. For the first two months of the year we're up 150 units in occupancy, which I think for the year last year we were up about 330.
Okay. That's it for me. Thank you.
This concludes our question and answer session. I would like to turn the conference back over to Samuel Landy for any closing remarks.
Thank you operator. I would like to thank the participants on this call for their continued support and interest in our company. As always Gene, Anna, Brett and I are available for any follow-up questions. We look forward to reporting back to you in May with our first quarter 2020 results. Thank you.
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