GSI Technology, Inc. (NASDAQ:GSIT) Q4 2021 Earnings Conference Call May 6, 2021 4:30 PM ET
Lee-Lean Shu - Chairman, President & Chief Executive Officer
Didier Lasserre - Vice President of Sales
Doug Schirle - Chief Financial Officer
Conference Call Participants
Kurt Caramanidis - Carl M. Hennig
Ladies and gentlemen thank you for standing by. Welcome to GSI Technology's Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2021 Results Conference Call. [Operator Instructions] Before we begin today's call the company has requested that I read the following safe harbor statement. The matters discussed in this conference call may include forward-looking statements regarding future events and the future performance of GSI Technology that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated.
These risks and uncertainties are described in the company's Forms 10-Q and 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Many of these risks are currently amplified by and will continue to be amplified by or in the future may be amplified by the COVID-19 global pandemic. Additionally, I have been asked to advise you that this conference call is being recorded today May 6, 2021 at the request of GSI Technology.
Hosting the call today is; Lee-Lean Shu, the company's Chairman President and Chief Executive Officer. With him are; Doug Schirle, Chief Financial Officer; and Didier Lasserre, Vice President of Sales. I would now like to turn the conference over to Mr. Shu. Please go ahead sir.
Good afternoon and thank you for joining us today to review our fourth quarter and fiscal year 2021 results. I will cover some highlights from the year and give an update on our APU products followed by Didier Lasserre with comments on products and the sales breakdown. Afterward Doug Schirle will review in detail our fourth quarter and full year fiscal 2021 financial results. Fiscal year 2021 brought several unforeseen challenges to our business. We faced a global pandemic and slowing sales from our largest customer.
With that said, we stay focused on our key objective of bringing Gemini-I to market and increasing awareness of our groundbreaking technology. We made good progress on both of these fronts. Despite the challenge presented by COVID over the past year, we launched remote cloud-based data centers in Israel and the US for customers to test and demo Gemini-I.
The Gemini APU is receiving more media coverage, highlighting its unique advantage and benefits. We have also received third-party validation of Gemini for certain applications including our Elasticsearch profit which Didier will discuss this section. Including the system bottleneck problem facing big data, instigating heightened attention several leading semiconductor company have recently introduced others. They have positioned a solution to eliminate system bottleneck.
The system bottleneck will refer to it the Von Neumann bottleneck caused by the separate memory and the CPU in the Von Neumann architecture. The Von Neumann architecture requires a CPU to fetch data for every operation it performed. We don't believe that any of the new solutions address the actual problem. The only way to truly eliminate the bottleneck is to break the Von Neumann model. This is how the Gemini APU does. We remove the limitation of the Von Neumann architecture.
With the Gemini APU, we break the von Neumann model and/or showing a new architecture that puts process in the memory. Today we are working on numerous applications with our customers and is demonstrating how our revolutionary architecture can reduce latency reduce power consumption and offer scalable traceable solutions.
When we look at the trends that favor Gemini and APU architecture ESG and the growing awareness of sustainability will be a significant trend that favors us. ESG and the power consumption are increasingly topic on the radar, in the press, in the ballroom and with the investors. Enable growing data centers where AI and big data are rapidly increasing power consumption that is a heightened focus on finding a better solution to use less power.
The Gemini APU has demonstrated the dramatic reduction in power consumption for critical application in search. One exciting example is from our aerospace and defense workshop which we held in February where we compared a synthetic aperture radar or SAR images search of a similar area size resolution and times.
Looking at the operating power costs over five years the Gemina APU used 93% less power on average and can be installed in the small portable server cabinet. This is a significant reduction from the CPU or GPU based solution. Additionally this solution require much greater hardware investment. Gemini not only delivered low power consumption, but lowers the overall system cost as well decreasing total cost of own machine.
Another compelling comparison is traditional facial recognition system that use a DLH server with the CPU and GPU to search data and same feature vector to the back-end cloud CPU and memory found. Here the trend model search and the final rating incur in the GPU and the match is identified.
With the Gemini APU this process is simplified. When the Gemina APU installed along with the CPU or GPU search take place on the Gemina APU, eliminating sending data to the cloud and the match is found more rapidly. This means fewer CPU and GPU are required and latency is reduced. And again, less power is used.
On previous calls, I have highlighted our software capability. We have a finalized Gemini-I with the Leda board for mass production and we are on track to begin qualification soon. The software team, at GSI, has demonstrated their capability in numerous applications, and are always finding new ways to improve our offering and our capabilities.
Our technology will make a difference in how search is found. Like with the last year's search, using k-NN search could be ideal for working with very large database, such as those at bidding scale entries and above. Because k-NN is compute exhausted, it has been a challenge to use Elasticsearch due to the constraint of moving the database within GPU or CPU calls.
With the APU the storage itself become the processor. Instead of a massive array of processing core with cash memory close by, the APU is differentiated by performing the processing in the memory already directly.
The convergency of Elasticsearch, k-NN and APU acceleration provide less latency, more query per second and reduce the power. As on this very exciting, we are engaging with potential customers in the SaaS vector search space, who are recognizing the strength of APU technology.
Overall, this was a year of surprise and we lost to the challenge. COVID is still restricting business in many ways, but we are continually advancing our technology and bringing the Gemini APU to the world's attention. Today, GSI has 190 engineers worldwide and we have received over 100 US patents with 51 of them for the APU.
I’m grateful for all of our employees' commitment to delivering excellence in products service and support during these challenging times. Along with my team, we are bringing all revolutionary solution to our existing customers. The solution is also offering many doors for us with potential new customers, less loss of excitement about our progress of Gemini-I at GSI.
Our SRAM products continue to be essential for military and defense and the telecommunication and the networking customers. Doug will comment on our second fiscal quarter outlook in his prepared remarks.
Now, I will now hand the call over to Didier, who will highlight the sales and marketing progress on the Gemini-I and review our business segment performance. Please go ahead, Didier.
Thank you, Lee-Lean. I would like to touch on two things in my comments: the third party validation of the GSI plug-in for Elasticsearch, and the recently announced Phase 1 contract with NASA.
First, a little background on Elasticsearch for those unfamiliar with the name. Elasticsearch is the most popular search engine. What makes Elasticsearch so popular is that: one, it's open sourced and free software; and number two, the way it stores documents with searchable references that allow them to be searched and retrieved and enables visualization tools for visual search. Very flexible and highly functional Elasticsearch has become the go-to search solution for scalable real-time search.
Recently a third party tested our Elasticsearch plug-in powered by the Gemini APU, which demonstrated the fastest vector query speed on a one million item search compared to four other methods.
At 92.6 milliseconds the Gemini APU was 82% faster than the next fastest solution and showed a 94% improvement from the slowest response solution. They also noted that unlike other methods Gemini supported batch queries. These are impressive performance results, and it's great to see them published by an independent party.
Switching to the NASA contract. We issued a press release earlier this month announcing that we were awarded along with prime contractor Space Micro, a Phase 1 contract to develop a real-time sorting Inference Processing Unit, also known as an IPU, an IPU board for earth observation missions.
The board will feature a radiation tolerant Gemini APU, which is the predominant force behind the IPU for satellite applications. Using inference rather than search gives the broadest potential scope for the NASA project, which is why they release references as an APU -- I'm sorry IPU.
This Phase one contract is the first key step to proliferating Gemini in space by giving us access to the mission. The goal of Phase 1 is to optimize the product portfolio and demonstrate the usability of the hardware across multiple platforms for its many possible applications.
Phase 1 is typically a six-month process. We are also very excited that the board will be used -- will be using a radiation tolerant chip. Once we have optimized the portfolio we hope to move to Phase 2 where we will receive NRE funds to cover design and qualification. We estimate 18 to 24 months of testing and qualification before we begin to ship the product.
On a different note, I am pleased to report that earlier this week, we received the purchase order for our Rad-Tolerant SRAM product. The PO is for demonstration satellites, anticipated to be launched this year -- late this year or early next year. Ultimately, it is for a satellite constellation. We hope to be able to say more in the coming quarters.
Shifting to our sales breakdown for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021. Sales to Nokia were $2.8 million or 36.5% of net revenues compared to $2.4 million or 28.3% of net revenues in the same period a year ago, and $2.8 million or 42% of net revenues in the prior quarter. Nokia sales have been slowly improving in the past two quarters and we expect business with Nokia to stabilize this year. Military and defense sales were 22.5% of fourth quarter shipments compared to 30.9% a year ago and 26% in the prior quarter. SigmaQuad continues to be our best-performing product category with sales of 52.9% of fourth quarter shipments, compared to 44.7% in the fourth quarter of last year and 62% in the preceding third quarter.
I'd now like to hand the call over to Doug. Please go ahead Doug.
Thank you Didier. For the fiscal year ended March 31 2021, we reported a net loss of $21.5 million or $0.91 per diluted share, a net revenues of $27.7 million, a net loss of $10.3 million or $0.45 per diluted share, a net revenues of $43.3 million in the fiscal year ended March 31 2020.
Gross margin for fiscal 2021 was 47.7% compared to 58.5% in the prior year. Total operating expenses were $34.5 million in fiscal 2021, a decrease of 4.6% from $36.1 million in fiscal 2020. Research and development expenses were $23.3 million compared to $25.2 million in the prior fiscal year. And selling general and administrative expenses were $11.1 million compared to $10.9 million in fiscal 2020. The decrease in research and development expense was primarily due to a charge of $2.7 million during the third quarter of fiscal 2020 for purchased intellectual property that is being incorporated into our next-generation of Gemini chips.
Fiscal 2021 operating loss was $21.3 million compared to an operating loss of $10.8 million in the prior year. The increase in operating loss is primarily due to the decrease in revenue and gross profit. Fiscal 2021, net loss included interest and other income of $94,000 and a cash provision of $335,000 compared to $712,000 of interest and other income and a tax provision of $247,000 a year ago.
The company reported a net loss of $5 million or $0.21 per diluted share and net revenues of $7.7 million for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021, compared to a net loss of $3.8 million or $0.16 per diluted share and net revenues of $8.5 million for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and a net loss of $5.2 million or $0.22 per diluted share and net revenues of $6.8 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2021.
Gross margin was 50.2% compared to 52.5% in the prior year period and 47.3% in the preceding third quarter. The change in gross margin was primarily due to changes in the mix of products sold and the negative impact of manufacturing overhead and reduced revenues.
Total operating expenses in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021 were $9.1 million compared to $8.4 million in the fourth quarter in fiscal 2020 and $8.3 million in the prior quarter. Research and development expenses were $6.1 million compared to $5.6 million in the prior year period and $5.7 million in the prior quarter. Selling, general and administrative expenses were $3 million in the quarter ended March 31 2021, compared to $2.8 million in the prior year quarter and $2.6 million in the previous quarter.
Fourth quarter fiscal 2021 operating loss was $5.3 million, compared to an operating loss of $3.9 million in the prior year period and an operating loss of $5.2 million from the prior quarter. Fourth quarter fiscal 2021 net loss included interest and other expense of $21,000 and a tax benefit of $304,000 compared to $148,000 in interest and other income and a tax provision of $65,000 for the same period a year ago.
In the preceding third quarter, net loss included interest and other income of $25,000 and a tax provision of $90,000. Total fourth quarter pre-tax stock-based compensation expense was $753,000 compared to $644,000 in the comparable quarter a year ago and $693,000 in the prior quarter. At March 31 2021, we had $54 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments and $5.8 million in long-term investments, compared to $66.6 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $4.1 million in long-term investments at March 31 2020. Working capital was $56 million at March 31 2021, compared to $70.9 million at March 31 2020 with no debt. Stockholders' equity as of March 31, 2021 was $75.6 million compared to $89.6 million as of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020.
Fourth quarter net revenues and gross margin were within the range of guidance provided in our last earnings release for net revenue in the range of $6.8 million to $7.8 million with gross margin above the range of approximately 48% to 52%. Our current expectations for the upcoming quarter are net revenues in the range of $8.1 million to $9.1 million with gross margin of approximately 54% to 56%.
Our Board of Directors has authorized us to repurchase at management's discretion shares of our common stock. Under the repurchase program, we may repurchase shares from time-to-time on open market or in private transactions. Pacific timing and amount of the repurchases will be dependent on market conditions, security law limitations and other factors. The repurchase program may be suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice. To date, we have repurchased a total of 12,004,779 shares including 3.8 million shares acquired for purchase -- at a purchase price of $6.50 per share under Dutch -- under a modified Dutch auction self tender offer completed in August 2014.
Our repurchases have been at an average cost of $5.06 per share for a total cost of $60.7 million, compared to net proceeds of approximately $30 million in our IPO in March 2007.
On March 31, 2021, management was authorized to repurchase additional shares of our common stock with a value of up to $4.3 million under the repurchase program. We have continuously had active programs to repurchase shares, but our repurchase price has been too low to purchase shares. Given the uncertainty in the economy, rising manufacturing prices and the uncertainty of when Gemina APU and Rad-Hard, Rad-Tolerant products will generate significant revenues we are in a cash conservation mode.
Operator, at this point we will open the call to Q&A.
Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Our first question will come from Kurt Caramanidis with Carl M. Hennig.
Thank you. Question is the NASA win -- are we counting that as a Gemina win then? I thought it was mainly for Rad-Tolerant, but now you're saying that's the Gemini board. Is that kind of a double solution for that?
Correct. So it is the Gemini solution, but it will be a Rad-Tolerant version of our Gemini chip. I think if you recall I spent some time, we did some radiation testing on the Gemini. It's been about 1.5 years and the results came back very, very promising. And so, we certainly took -- we took the testing beyond Rad-Tolerant, but short of Rad-Hard. So we feel very comfortable that the solution will work at Rad-Tolerant levels.
Okay. What is your level of confidence in a design win for Gemini, whether it's facial recognition? At one point you were talking about signaling and then some other things. Now, let's say for calendar 2021, is there anything close warm hot?
Yes. So as Lee-Lean spoke about in his script, we certainly have a lot of customers we're talking to in different market segments. It's premature to say when some of those might hit. Is there a chance they could hit in calendar 2021? Possibly. Could it get pushed out? Hard to say. Right now, we're still in that design in phase. So it's hard to predict when some revenues may occur.
Okay. And then maybe a bigger question or -- if you're not able to get design wins, is there a path or a time where you would maybe look to license partner, or how do we view -- we just keep going until you get something or is there some point where you say maybe we bring someone else in to help sell it, or what is the thought there?
Well, as I mentioned earlier, we do have a very productive meeting with the customer and I feel comfortable right now. And we will get some -- hopefully, we will get some more concrete use along the ones that we have a more obvious result. Okay. And in terms of licensing, we do talk to customers. If it's worthwhile for us to go thereof we definitely will consider it. But from the marketing still in the IPU, we are not in demo. Okay. But if there's a specific area with a big customer as I mentioned worthwhile then we will definitely work on it.
Okay. Doug, I apologize, I might have missed that. Did you extend or expand the buyback, or then I heard you say cash conservation, can you restate that? I apologize.
Yes. We still have $4.3 million available to repurchase shares and we'll be opportunistic with it.
Okay. So that's kind of unchanged?
Yes. Okay. Thanks a lot. Wait I have one more question. Am I still on?
The Rad-Hard, have you reached heritage yet? Have you had any launches, or is that still in wait?
So as we've talked about Rad-Hard is kind of a difficult area for us now because of the shutdowns. As we've recalled most if not all the Rad-Hard opportunities are some kind of a national asset that require face-to-face meetings which we're unable to do right now. The Rad-Tolerant however, as I mentioned we just got the PO two days ago for a demonstration satellite that's going to ultimately be part of a constellation. That will be Rad-Tolerant, but we're hoping that that happens by the very end of this year or beginning of next year and that will give us an elusive heritage that you're talking about.
Okay. Great. Okay. Thanks a lot.
[Operator Instructions] At this time, there are no further questions. I'll now turn the conference back over to you.
Thank you all for joining us. We look forward to speaking with you again when we report our first quarter fiscal 2022 results. Thank you.
Thank you. That does conclude today's conference. We do thank you for your participation. Have an excellent day.