Alico, Inc. (ALCO) CEO John Kiernan on Q3 2021 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

Aug. 07, 2021 6:46 PM ETAlico, Inc. (ALCO)1 Comment
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Alico, Inc. (NASDAQ:ALCO) Q3 2021 Results Conference Call August 5, 2021 8:30 AM ET

Company Participants

John Kiernan - President and CEO

Rich Rallo - CFO

Conference Call Participants

Gerry Sweeney - ROTH Capital


Welcome to Alico's Third Quarter 2021 Earnings Conference Call. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. As a reminder, today's conference is being recorded.

Earlier today, the Company issued a press release announcing its results for the third quarter ended June 30, 2021. If you have not had a chance to view the release, it is available on the Investor Relations portion of the Company's website at This call is being webcast, and a replay will be available on the Alico's website as well.

Before we begin, we would like to remind everyone that the prepared remarks today contain forward-looking statements. Such statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in these statements. Important factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include risk details in the Company's quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, annual reports on Form 10-K, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments thereto filed with the SEC and those mentioned in the earnings release.

The Company undertakes no obligation to subsequently update or revise the forward-looking statements made on today's call, except as required by the law. During this call, the Company will also discuss non-GAAP financial measures, including EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA. For more details on these measures, please refer to the Company's press release issued earlier today.

With that, I would like to turn the call over to the Company's President and CEO, Mr. John Kiernan.

John Kiernan

Thank you, Katie, and thank you, everyone, for joining us for Alico's Third Quarter 2021 Earnings Call this morning. As we've reported over the past several quarters, this has been a challenging year for Alico from a production and an average pound solids per product standpoint. We saw a decrease in production that was principally related to there being fewer pieces of fruit available on the citrus trees as well as the very high drop rate for citrus in Florida this past season.

Our decline in harvested production was 15.9% this past season. However, this decline was substantially lower than the latest USDA forecast of a 21.7% decline for the total orange crop for the current harvest season as compared to the prior year.

On the positive side, we did see a substantial increase in market pricing for both early and mid-season of Valencia fruit for the past season. So revenues despite the declines in production in pound solids did grow for the fiscal year. The increase in marketing pricing is largely due to the well-publicized increase in consumption of not-from-concentrate orange used by retail consumers since March of 2020, which resulted in decreased inventory supply levels at Florida citrus juice processors and thus helped to increase prices for our fruit this past season.

Our average realized blended price per pound solid rose from $1.86 in the prior fiscal year to $2.45 in the current fiscal year, an increase of 31.7%. We are further encouraged because right now, consumption of not-from-concentrate orange juice is remaining strong and processor inventories reduce are at lower than normal levels. So we believe that market prices next year should remain near or above recent levels.

In June 2021, we entered into new citrus supply agreements with Peace River Citrus Products, covering 3,614 gross citrus acres, which we purchased in May and October of 2020. With these latest supply agreements, approximately 99% of our fruit is under contract through the 2023 and 2024 harvest seasons, with the largest portion being under contract through the 2024 harvest season. These contracts will continue to enable the Company to realize competitive margins for their duration.

We continue to closely manage our growing costs and general and administrative expenses, and these costs, after backing out onetime nonrecurring items, remain in line with our budget and expectations. In our 2021 fiscal year, we've been proud of our third-party caretaking management services. We have now been engaged for more than a year with a top 10 Florida citrus grower, who has more than 7,000 citrus acres, and the relationship has been profitable for both parties. We entered into this line of business with minimal financial risk to us as we are reimbursed for all out-of-pocket costs and we receive an annual fee based on acres managed.

This year, our third-party caretaking management services will contribute close to $2 million in net fees. We continue to pursue similar arrangements with other large growers and believe that we can increase this line of business substantially annually beginning in fiscal 2022.

Moving on to our business highlights. In the third quarter, we implemented several measures that we believe will improve our current and future shareholder returns. Some of these actions included: we successfully completed our debt modification in May of 2021, in which we converted two amortizing loans into interest-only loans, which mature in November of 2029. As part of this modification, we also reduced our annual interest rate on this debt from 4.15% to 3.85%. This modification will improve annual cash flow by approximately $5 million to $6 million.

In June 2021, our Board of Directors approved a considerable increase to our quarterly dividend, raising it to $0.50 per common share from $0.18 per common share previously. Our Board of Directors felt with the debt modifications, the proceeds from land sales and the expected financial benefits in the upcoming harvest seasons from the 1.5 million new trees which we planted over the last four years, Alico will be able to support and maintain the significantly higher common dividend.

In the third quarter, our program of selling noncore land assets continued, and we sold approximately 18,500 acres of parcels from the Alico ranch to various third parties, highlighted by another sale to the state of Florida as well as the sale of approximately 11,700 acres that had been encumbered by an easement restriction since 2013. After these sales, we still have approximately 35,000 acres of ranch land, now none of which is encumbered or restricted.

Net proceeds from future sales of Alico assets will be used to maximize shareholder returns by either acquiring additional citrus acreage at attractive prices, prepaying variable rate term debt without penalties, repurchasing common shares, diversifying our business through other acquisitions and/or paying special dividends.

We have also continued to move forward with our environmental, social and governance initiatives and most recently formed a Board committee, which is now actively participating in these ESG initiatives. We launched a new Alico sustainability page on the Company's corporate website and published a sustainability policy, a vendor code of conduct, a safety manual on that sustainability page. We completed a materiality assessment and developed a sustainability framework to guide future ESG activities. We've also joined the UN Global Compact to support universal sustainability principles of environmental responsibility, labor and human rights and anticorruption.

As a result of these actions, we have seen some improvements in our ESG scores by institutional shareholder services. We are also in the final stages of completing our 3-year sustainability road map and anticipate completing our initial annual sustainability report by December of 2021.

With that, I will turn the call over to Rich Rallo to discuss our more detailed financial results.

Rich Rallo

Thank you, John, and good morning, everyone. Due to the seasonal nature of our business, quarterly results for our third quarter are not indicative of our full year results. The majority of our citrus crop is harvested in the second and third quarters of the fiscal year, with the majority of our profit and cash flows also recognized in the second and third quarters.

Total operating revenue for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, was $34.9 million compared to $26.1 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020. Interest revenue was $34.3 million and $25.4 million for the quarters ended June 30, 2021, and June 30, 2020, respectively. The increase in revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, was primarily due to an increase in the revenue generated from growth management services and the Valencia fruit harvested.

We generated greater revenue from the growth management services primarily as a result of executing an agreement with an affiliated group of third parties in July 2020 to provide citrus grove caretaking and harvest and home management services for approximately 7,000 acres owned by such third parties. As a reminder, Alico records both an increase in revenues and expenses as and when the Company provides these grove management services.

For the three months ended June 30, 2021, Alico recorded approximately $5.1 million of operating revenue relating to these grove management services, including its management fee. The increase from the Valencia fruit harvest was driven by an increase in the market price per pound sold as compared to the prior year. As mentioned earlier by John, the increase in the price per pound sold was due to increased consumption of not-from-concentrate orange juice as well as tighter supplies of citrus fruit, which in turn led to reduced inventory levels.

Partially offsetting this increase in pricing was the effect of fewer Valencia boxes being harvested and lower pound sold per box for the three months ended June 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020. Alico, along with the Florida industry, in general, recorded a smaller number of boxes harvested primarily because of a greater fruit drop during the current harvest season as compared to the previous year.

USDA and its latest citrus crop forecast for the 2020/'21 harvest season indicated the Florida orange crop decreased from approximately 67.4 million boxes for the 2019/'20 crop year to approximately 52.8 million boxes for the 2020/'21 crop year, a decrease of approximately 21.7%. In comparison, through our continued comprehensive grove management program, we managed a more favorable decline in the current harvest season of 15.9%.

The increase in operating expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, primarily relates to grove management services. As previously stated, we entered into an agreement to provide these services for more than 7,000 acres and recorded approximately $4.5 million of operating expenses in the three months ended June 30, 2021.

Additionally, the increase in operating expenses is attributable to Alico purchasing additional citrus acres in May and October of 2020, which resulted in cost of sales relating to these groves in the current fiscal year. Partially offsetting these increases was a reduction in harvest and haul expenses attributable to a decrease in the early and mid-season and Valencia boxes harvested.

General and administrative expenses for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, and June 30, 2020, was approximately $1.9 million and $2.6 million, respectively. The decrease in large part was due to a reduction in legal expenses resulting from the receipt of insurance proceeds for the reimbursement of legal fees in the amount of approximately $700,000 during the quarter ended June 30, 2021, relating to corporate legal matters.

Other income net of other expense for the three months ended June 30, 2021, was approximately $29.4 million as compared to other income net of other expense of approximately $1.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. The shift to other income net from other expense net is primarily due to Alico recognizing a significant gain on sales of real estate, property and equipment and assets held for sale of approximately $30.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021.

For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded a nominal gain on sale of real estate, property and equipment and assets held for sale. Additionally, a decrease in interest expense of approximately $700,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2021, as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020, was realized primarily due to a reduction of our long-term debt from making mandatory principal payments and certain prepayments. In addition, we maintained lower balances on our working capital and revolving line of credits, which also contributed to the reduced interest expense.

For the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021, and June 30, 2020, we reported net income attributable to Alico common stockholders of approximately $27.1 million and approximately $2.1 million, respectively. Our adjusted EBITDA was $9.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, as compared to $7.4 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, representing a 31.8% increase.

With respect to our financial guidance, we are reaffirming our previously updated guidance for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021. This guidance calls for net income to be in the range of $33 million to $38.5 million, adjusted net income after adjusting out for certain of the expected nonrecurring items to be between $1.3 million and $3.8 million, EBITDA to be in the range of $64 million to $72 million and adjusted EBITDA after a gain -- after again adjusting out for certain of the expected nonrecurring items to be between $21.7 million and $25.7 million.

Alico's balance sheet remained strong. Our working capital was approximately $27.9 million at June 30, 2021, representing a 2.19:1 ratio. Our debt-to-equity ratio continues to improve. At June 30, 2021, September 30, 2020, and September 30, 2019, the ratios were 0.52:1, 0.68:1 and 0.82:1, respectively. This improvement has been driven by continued mandatory payments on our long-term debt as well as certain prepayments being made, including approximately $10.3 million in April 2021 on our fixed rate term loans.

I would like to now pass the call back to John.

John Kiernan

Thanks, Rich. During the third quarter, we made long-term business decisions such as significantly increasing our quarterly dividend, modifying our debt structure and continuing to sell off noncore assets, which we believe will generate greater returns for our shareholders. As we continue to generate cash flow, we will continue to evaluate the best ways to deploy it to continue to drive shareholder returns.

And with that, we'll now open the line up to questions from industry analysts. Katie?

Question-and-Answer Session


[Operator Instructions] We'll take a question from Gerry Sweeney with ROTH Capital.

Gerard Sweeney

Since a lot of the harvest is done for this year, maybe you could take the opportunity and discuss maybe the macro environment. Obviously, Brazil, largest producer of oranges, going through a pretty significant drought. I think grower inventories in Florida are down 25%, 30% from this year versus this time last year. Any thoughts, comments on how this is sort of setting up the playing field for next year?

John Kiernan

Not just next year. I think the near term, you're seeing obviously a contraction in the supply base. The output from Brazil is going to be a little higher year-over-year, but it's lower than it normally is expected to be next year. They've got some weather conditions like a drought that's affecting basically their forecast.

And then clearly you saw some weather related and some greening related impacts to the Florida crop this past season where you had, I think, a historically bad drop rate. There was just 52.7 million boxes of fruit that was able to be produced. So the supply base clearly has shrunk.

The other side of that on the demand side is demand clearly rebounded during the COVID year and it's somewhat holding steady. Most likely it's going to erode a bit, but it's well above the pre-COVID levels at this point. So where does that position Alico?

Well, Alico has been significantly investing in the density of our growth. So we just have more trees four years ago than -- more trees now than we did four years ago because we've been aggressively planting. Those trees are bearing fruit starting next season. And we believe Alico is going to solidify its leadership position as a grower because of those investments. And relative to the competition, both here and in Brazil, we think our market share position is going to continue to increase simply because we're as strong or stronger than anybody, and we've actually been making investments to generate greater fruit going forward.

Gerard Sweeney

Okay. Got it. Switching gears to care taking, obviously, it's been in place now, I think, for a good solid year. You sound pretty confident on your ability to grow that business. Do you have some metrics in terms of cost savings that you present to other grower that you could -- for the selling process and maybe explain some of the opportunity, I think, that potentially lies in that business?

John Kiernan

I'll start and then Rich will jump in. I think we've walked you through, and I think we've discussed at some of our investor conferences. We're very selective of potential partners for the caretaking business. They have to meet some criteria. It's got to be sizable enough scale. And it's going to be somewhat adjacent or large enough to have its own critical mass where we can conduct a profitable operation. Because what we really do is we step in and we kind of run their business end to end. Almost always, we take their employees on board. They become Alico employees. We get reimbursed for all those costs. And it sounds like a daunting task.

But where it starts really is we take basically our financial operations information and we sit down and go line by line and compare that with the prospective customer and show them basically dollar for dollar where they could save if they were under our roof, from the labor side, chemicals, fuel, fertilizer, just because we've got better economies of scale most likely. We walked through kind of our horticulture practices. We work with their kind of existing managers and supervisors and really get them fully on board with how we're going to conduct a business.

And more often than not, we're able to do it much more economically even with an additional management fee on top of that and it's a win-win. We think that's what Barron Collier has experienced over the past year or so. And that really is kind of the rule of thumb as we look at new businesses.

If someone is as competitive as we are, stepping in and getting a management fee is going to be incremental cost for them. They're going to be a little worse off. So that's probably not a customer that's going to work with us. But more often than not, when we're sitting and talking, it's customers that have cost structures that are a little looser and a little bigger than what we have, and we're able to instill that discipline in our core corporate practices. And certainly, the leverage that we get from our back office and the data that we drive to create a value proposition for those customers. Rich, anything to add there?

Rich Rallo

No, John. I think you covered it. I think one of the things, Gerry, to report on John talked about, we sit with our partners and go through cost. You do know that during 2017 through '19, we did go through the modernization program and really looked at our program. And as we work with our partners here, we get to see that we are, in fact, one of the low-cost producers and can be very successful at it. I will add that our partnership has been together a year now and it is very strong and going solid. So it has really turned out from both sides to be very beneficial.

Gerard Sweeney

Got it. And as much as you can see on this front, obviously, you're out there, you're selling this program. Any commentary on leads in the pipeline? There was -- there's confidence in your projections to grow it. I'm just curious about that -- how do we look at that as much you can say on that front.

John Kiernan

So it is a relatively short list of prospective customers, and we're talking to a handful at any given time. And usually, there's a long lead time particularly season to season. But we can't go into any more specific detail. As I said previously, this tends to be a lumpy business to kind of announce a win since we're talking about thousands and thousands of acres at a time as opposed to just rolling up smaller customers, a few acres here and a few acres there.

Gerard Sweeney

Got it. Then final question for me, and I'll jump back in line. Land sales obviously been very good this past year. You have Florida Forever, but as importantly -- I mean, you've taken great care to highlight that all the land have remained at 35,000 acres. All of it is unencumbered and none of it is wetlands anymore. Does this change the value proposition of that land versus what you've discussed in the past or that remaining land versus what has been discussed in the past?

John Kiernan

Sure. As we've said in our investor presentations previously, I think when we've discussed the hypothetical or potential net asset value, historically, we've given ranges on the ranch win that management estimates were potentially realizable. The 11,700 acres that was under that restricted easement was factored in there. So we kind of had a lower average price point.

With those acres now in hands of a cattle grazer is going to do a great job with that property. He knows the land very, very well, and he's going to put it to good use and really keep it in the same pristine condition that we've been trying to do for the last 100 years or so. We think the average price for the remaining 35,000 acres that we have is going to be significantly higher than the range that we had stated previously because we've taken that restricted land out of the picture.


We have reached the end of today's question-and-answer session. I would like to turn the call back over to Mr. Kiernan for closing remarks.

John Kiernan

Thank you, and thank you, everyone, for joining our call today and for your support of Alico. We look forward to speaking with you again about our fourth quarter and our fiscal year end results in December.

And we appreciate your time today very much.


This concludes today's conference. You may disconnect your lines at this time. Thank you for your participation, and have a great day.

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