NorthWestern: Steady Yield And Growth

Jan. 19, 2022 2:20 PM ETNorthWestern Corporation (NWE)SJI11 Comments8 Likes


  • NorthWestern Corporation has delivered predictable growth and income for over a decade.
  • The high population growth of its home turf states likely allows this to continue.
  • The utility did hit a speed bump recently and allowed us to throw our bid in for a good price.
  • Looking for a helping hand in the market? Members of Conservative Income Portfolio get exclusive ideas and guidance to navigate any climate. Learn More »
Aerial View of Downtown Bozeman, Montana in Summer

Jacob Boomsma/iStock via Getty Images

We like utilities. While some see them as boring, we feel they offer one of the better valuation opportunities in the market today. That said, even within the space, one has to be careful to not chase stocks too high. We go over one pick today and tell you why we like it and why we might not actually land up owning it.

NorthWestern Corporation (NASDAQ:NWE) is a utility serving three quarters of a million customers across the northwest US. You probably thought there was no way that any utility company could get even more boring but NWE achieved that by marrying that snooze sector with the pulse-pounding excitement of South Dakota.

About NorthWestern

NorthWestern Operations

NorthWestern Presentation

The bulk of the base rate is derived from Montana and Nebraska is almost a rounding error on the revenue stream.

Diversified Electric and Gas Utility

NorthWestern Operations

NorthWestern Presentation

The company is a well-known name in those states though and has over a century of operating history.

NWE investment for the long term

NorthWestern Operations

NorthWestern Presentation

More importantly for investors, it has a track record of consistent earnings alongside dividend raises for 15 years straight.

NWE diluted EPS and dividend per share and payout ratio

NorthWestern Dividend

NorthWestern Presentation

Strong expected population growth alongside a low unemployment rate means that NWE will likely continue its streak.

prjected population growth 2021-2026 and unemployment rate

NorthWestern Growth

NorthWestern Presentation

This was on our radar, for some time but it was always in the category of "why bother." The valuation generally had not become very appealing outside of the COVID-19 crash, where of course, it was hardly the only belle of the ball. But we did get a chance to throw our hat in the ring to buy this and we tell you the why and the how on that.

Debt Gets A Bit Ahead Of Itself

NWE has made a ton of investments into reducing its carbon footprint.

Highly carbon-free supply portfolio

NorthWestern ESG

NorthWestern Presentation

Those investments have not come cheap. While utilities do recover their costs over time, how they finance that does impact the picture. NWE's capex and costs were running a little ahead of schedule and its debt to equity ratios were moving up just outside the comfort zone. Moody's (MCO) changed their tone in March 2021 and warned that the company was getting a little high on the risk in relation to their credit rating.

The rating agency said the negative outlook reflects the potential for "sustained financial metric deterioration" owing to a high reliance on debt to fund an increased capital expenditure program and little to no anticipated revenue increases from rate cases.

"NorthWestern's financial profile is likely to be pressured by rising debt to help fund higher capital expenditures and no substantive revenue increase over the next [two to three years], despite $200 million of equity issuance earmarked through 2023," Ryan Wobbrock, Moody's vice president and senior credit officer, said in the rating action. "During this time, our estimated cash flow production is expected to be about 13% of debt, which is a decline from historical results, a level that is under what we have established as a threshold for a possible downgrade and well below the Baa2 peer average of about 17%."

Source: S&P Global

NWE stock peaked a little after that and started moving lower.

The Corrective Action and The Opportunity

As it happens with almost all utilities, the credit rating is generally protected at all costs. We saw that recently in the case of South Jersey Industries (SJI) where the company did a large equity issuance to bolster the balance sheet. With NWE, the company continued issuing small amounts of equity as they reminded us during the Q3-2021 conference call.

During the quarter, we issued just over 1 million shares of our common stock under our equity distribution agreement that was at an average price of $63.13 for net proceeds of $64.8 million. We had $121 million net proceeds received in total under the announced $200 million program.

Source: Q3-2021 Transcript

The amounts though were on the low side and we knew the big one was coming. It did come in the form of a $325 million equity offering which caused panic among the investor base. Ironically, that panic actually gave us the first chance to try and buy this at a great price. At the time we wrote this in our trade alert.

At $50 though, you are buying this at 14X-15X forward multiples and that is very reasonable in this market for a company with a high degree of predictability. This same company traded at over 20X earnings just before the pandemic. Our net price here is also very close to the COVID-19 lows.

Source: Trade Alert 218

We would note here that the stock had not (and did not) reach $50, but that's the beauty of options.

NWE stock chart

Trade Alert 218

Conservative Income Portfolio

We were able to sell the $50 Cash Secured Puts for a rather strong yield.


Trade Alert 218

Conservative Income Portfolio

In other words, we chose the price we liked and got paid a 10.42% annualized yield to buy it at that price. Of course NWE has run higher, so chances are that we might not get it. But in all cases, we maintain extreme discipline on our entry price. We only generate income by selling puts for stocks we like, at prices we would love to own them.

Outlook and Verdict

The large equity offering has reduced the earnings per share potential for all years ahead.

NorthWestern Earnings Estimates

NorthWestern Earnings Estimates

Seeking Alpha

That of course will happen when you replace low yield debt with high cost of equity. The credit ratings have been saved though and the credit rating agencies can go back to worrying about something else. NWE still has a decent buffer to continue raising its dividend unlike some other utilities we follow that are running out of leg room. At the current price, the company trades at 17X 2022 earnings with a 4.27% dividend yield and falls back in the "meh" zone. We give it a neutral rating here but would love to own it if it moves under $50 and the stock is put to us.

Please note that this is not financial advice. It may seem like it, sound like it, but surprisingly, it is not. Investors are expected to do their own due diligence and consult with a professional who knows their objectives and constraints.

Are you looking for Real Yields which reduce portfolio volatility?   

Conservative Income Portfolio  targets the best value stocks with the highest margins of safety. The volatility of these investments is further lowered using the best priced options. Our Cash Secured Put and Covered Call Portfolios are designed to reduce volatility while generating 7-9% yields.  We focus on being the house and take the opposite side of the gambler. 

Learn more about our method & why it might be right for your portfolio.

This article was written by

Trapping Value profile picture
The best way to provide income in today's markets while reducing risks

Conservative Income Portfolio is designed for investors who want reliable income with the lowest volatility.

High Valuations and low bonds yields have distorted the investing landscape and investors are poised for exceptionally low forward returns. Using cash secured puts and covered calls to harvest income off value income stocks is the best way forward. We "lock-in" high yields when volatility is high and capture multiple years of dividends in advance to reach the goal of producing 7-9% yields with the lowest volatility.


Disclosure: I/we have a beneficial long position in the shares of NWE, SJI either through stock ownership, options, or other derivatives. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

To ensure this doesn’t happen in the future, please enable Javascript and cookies in your browser.
Is this happening to you frequently? Please report it on our feedback forum.
If you have an ad-blocker enabled you may be blocked from proceeding. Please disable your ad-blocker and refresh.