ExxonMobil: Patience Pays Off, Excitement Doesn't

Feb. 08, 2022 12:00 PM ETExxon Mobil Corporation (XOM)52 Comments23 Likes


  • ExxonMobil's stellar performance over the past year and a half has come as a surprise to many, given all the negative sentiment at the time.
  • Even as the company is about to dial-up its capital and exploration expenditures, forward free cash flow yield still remains attractive.
  • The dividend appears safe for now, however, investors should not rule out an adverse scenario going forward.
Exxon Retail Gas station. ExxonMobil is the World"s Largest Oil and Gas Company.

jetcityimage/iStock Editorial via Getty Images

About a year and a half ago I wrote a highly controversial thought piece on why the Dow Jones dropout ExxonMobil (NYSE:XOM) would likely outperform the Silicon Valley's high flyer - Salesforce (CRM). Needless to say that the article was not of much interest back then as it likely sounded ridiculous to even think of such a scenario. I will leave the graph below to speak for itself on what followed since then.

Exxom Mobil vs. Salesforce.com: total return
Data by YCharts

On top of purely market forces, I was very intrigued by the pessimism around XOM back then, given the company's solid financials, sustainable competitive advantages and management discipline. That is why just a few weeks later I took a deep dive into the company and oil & gas majors more broadly in an article called - 'Exxon Mobil: A Textbook Example Of Mean Reversion'.

So far my long-term investment thesis on XOM has played out even better than I initially expected. On one hand this is very good news, however, this sharp 'mean reversion' has also reduced future expected returns. For a company the size of Exxon, 150% return in about a year and a half is an extremely rare event, while the highly cyclical nature of the industry creates additional risk of repricing should the recent rally in oil prices cool off.

Where are we relative to fundamentals?

Return on invested capital is one of the most useful measures of Exxon's market premium on equity, since the two variables move in unison over the long-term.

XOM price to book value and return on invested capital
Data by YCharts

Although Exxon's main competitive advantage stems from its integration, most of the profits are derived from the company's large off-shore upstream projects, such as those in Guyana and Brazil.

XOM Earnings by segment

prepared by the author, using data from Exxon's earnings release

* for fiscal year 2021, excluding corporate and financing segment

Having said that, there are some important implications for the company's upstream profitability. To begin with, current and future projects are expected to generate high returns on capital even at very low prices per barrel.

XOM Upstream projects estimated break even

ExxonMobil 2021 Corporate Plan Update

This is one of the direct consequences of the declining competition in the sector as less and less capital flows into oil & gas. Thus, large integrated players are able to focus on more profitable projects and forego those that are harder to justify at lower oil prices.

Even though XOM is becoming a more profitable and leaner organization, the company's share price still appears to be lagging behind improving free cash flow. Exxon still trades at significantly lower levels than it used to for the past decade, when free cash flow per share was far below the current number.

XOM free cash flow per share and price
Data by YCharts

One of the major reasons for that has been the significant decline in capital and exploration expenditures in recent years, which stood at $16.6bn in fiscal year 2021. In relative terms, this puts Capex at around 80% of depreciation and amortization expense which is not sustainable over the long-term.

XOM Capex to D&A expense

prepared by the author, using data from Seeking Alpha

To get an idea of what free cash flow per share we can expect from XOM in the coming years, we should first recognize its sensitivity on oil prices. Since 2010, the R-squared between Exxon's cash flow from operations and the average WTI prices on an annual basis stands at around 82%.

XOM Operating Cash Flow vs. WTI prices

prepared by the author, using data from Seeking Alpha and macrotrends.net

Fiscal year 2021 results were ahead of what the historical relationship would suggest mainly due to asset sales and favourable movements in working capital.

ExxonMobil FY 2021 Cash Flow Statement


Therefore, should oil prices remain at the current average for 2022 at around $84, we could expect cash flow from operations for FY 2022 to be roughly $46.4bn (estimated based on the equation above).

Capital expenditure on the other hand is expected to increase from its current lows and stay within the range of $21bn to $24bn for 2022.

During the fourth quarter, ExxonMobil’s board of directors approved the company’s corporate plan for 2022, with capital spending anticipated to be in the range of $21 billion to $24 billion.

Source: ExxonMobil Q4 2021 Earnings Release

By using XOM's current number of shares of 4,275m and the high-end of the Capex range provided above, we end up with free cash flow per share for 2022 of $5.2. This gives us a forward free cash flow yield of 6.5%, which is still significantly higher than the historical average for the company, higher than the average for other S&P 500 sectors and last but not least is achievable even at significantly higher capital and exploration spending.

XOM free cash flow yield and price
Data by YCharts

The Dividend - No Room for Complacency

Yet another reason for holding XOM has been the company's attractive dividend yield, which at the time of my first writing was gravitating around 10%. Fast forward to today and the dividend yield is now just slightly above 4%. This is still high on an absolute basis, however, it is nowhere near what it used to be just a year and a half ago.

XOM dividend yield
Data by YCharts

Having said that, however, my initial thesis was based on an event of a dividend cut as I did not expect such a violent move in oil prices to near 2014 highs.

WTI crude oil price
Data by YCharts

Higher capital expenditure on upstream projects and new hydrogen and carbon capture and storage initiatives (see below) would likely have resulted in a dividend cut in an event of oil prices remaining low.

XOM Lower Emissions Capex

ExxonMobil 2021 Corporate Plan Update

Instead, as oil prices propelled higher so did Exxon's upstream earnings, which now stand at their highest level since 2015.

XOM upstream earnings vs. WTI

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly SEC Filings and macrotrends.net

Performance of downstream and chemicals segments, on the other hand, has been far less spectacular. However, the latter remains highly profitable as pricing of petrochemical and polymer products remain high (see below).

XOM downstream quarterly earnings

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly SEC Filings

XOM chemicals earnings

prepared by the author, using data from annual and quarterly SEC Filings

price of rubber

Producer Price Index by Commodity: Rubber and Plastic Products: Synthetic Rubber, Including Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (NYSE:SBR) and Ethylene Propylene (fred.stlouisfed.org)

As a result, XOM avoided a potential dividend cut for the time being as the company embarks on a period of higher spend, while the dividend payout ratio remains relatively low.

XOM Dividend Paid vs. Net Income

prepared by the author, using data from Seeking Alpha

* adjusted for 2020 and 2016 asset impairments

So far 2022 appears to be another year of strong oil prices which will provide a significant tailwind for Exxon's dividend payout ratio. At present, the consensus EPS estimate for 2022 stands at $6.65.

XOM EPS Estimates

ExxonMobil Consensus EPS Estimates (Seeking Alpha)

Based on that estimate, Net Income is expected to be around $28.5bn which compares favourably to Exxon's annual dividend payments of roughly $15bn.

If we assume flat profitability of Exxon's downstream and chemicals segments and use the relationship above between upstream profits and WTI price, we could estimate that at roughly $55 WTI the divided payment will be at risk. Although this might seem like a long shot given the current oil prices, it is a risk that investors should be prepared to take.


Exxon Mobil has been among the best performing large cap stocks over the past year and a half, returning more than 150% since I laid out my investment thesis back in September of 2020. At the time the dividend yield stood at around 10% and the company's conservative valuation did not make any sense from a long-term investor point of view.

Following the stellar performance, however, XOM is far less attractive today even though the long-term opportunity remains intact. Given the highly cyclical nature of the industry, Exxon appears fairly valued at this point and well-positioned to further improve its return on invested capital. The dividend yield of around 4% still appears attractive, however, on a risk-adjusted basis there are far better opportunities in the consumer staples space for example.

This article was written by

Vladimir Dimitrov is a former strategy consultant with a professional focus on business and intangible assets valuation. His professional background lies in solving complex business problems through the lens of overall business strategy and various valuation and financial modelling techniques.Vladimir has also been exploring the concept of value investing and in particular finding companies with sustainable competitive advantages that also trade below their intrinsic value. He supplements his bottom-up approach with a more holistic view of the markets through factor investing techniques.Vladimir made his first investment in farmland right out of high school in 2007 and consequently started investing through mutual funds at the bottom of the market in 2009. In the years that followed he has been focused on developing his own investment philosophy and has been managing a concentrated equity portfolio since 2016. Vladimir is LSE Alumni and a CFA charterholder . All of Vladimir's content published on Seeking Alpha is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as investment advice. Always consult a licensed investment professional before making investment decisions.

Disclosure: I/we have a beneficial long position in the shares of CVX either through stock ownership, options, or other derivatives. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Additional disclosure: Please do your own due diligence and consult with your financial advisor, if you have one, before making any investment decisions. The author is not acting in an investment adviser capacity. The author's opinions expressed herein address only select aspects of potential investment in securities of the companies mentioned and cannot be a substitute for comprehensive investment analysis. The author recommends that potential and existing investors conduct thorough investment research of their own, including detailed review of the companies' SEC filings. Any opinions or estimates constitute the author's best judgment as of the date of publication and are subject to change without notice.

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