Avianca And Gol: Mega Airline Merger In South America

May 16, 2022 3:31 PM ETAvianca Holdings S.A. (AVH), GOL3 Likes


  • Avianca-Gol tie-up creates the No. 2 carrier in South America.
  • Remaining separate brands, the strength of this airline group will likely be the extensive network with less emphasis on synergies.
  • As flying becomes more affordable for more South Americans, Abra Group will be positioned well with an extensive low-cost network.
  • I do much more than just articles at The Aerospace Forum: Members get access to model portfolios, regular updates, a chat room, and more. Learn More »

Brazilian commercial aircraft from Gol Linhas Aéreas flying during the day

RenatoPMeireles/iStock Editorial via Getty Images

In recent years, we have been seeing some consolidation and liquidation activity among airlines in Europe, and more recently we have been seeing the fierce battle between Frontier (ULCC) and JetBlue (JBLU) for Spirit Airlines (SAVE). That's not really a surprise. In Europe, a consolidation round was long overdue and the pandemic loaded airlines with debt and the industry as a whole is struggling with crew shortages and high jet fuel prices. Given the current pressures, consolidation makes a lot of sense. So, currently, there are opportunities for investors to benefit from momentum in mergers and acquisitions as well as upbeat expectations for this year and thereafter. One airline that recently rose significantly is LATAM (OTCPK:LTMAQ), which rose nearly 60% in the two days after I published a report on the company's results.

In this report, we stick with South American carriers as I will be looking at recent news that Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes (NYSE:GOL) and Avianca (NYSE:AVH) aim to combine in a new airline group named Abra Group. The transaction is expected to be completed in the second half of 2022, creating an airline group with individual airlines that will maintain their identity, but with a significant number of passengers and an extensive network as I show in this report.

Creating the #2 airline in South America

For all airlines, the pandemic dealt a blow to the business, but for Avianca, that blow hit even harder. The airline already was not in great shape prior to the pandemic and issued debt to cover short-term liabilities, which is never a good sign. When the pandemic started affecting the airline industry it did not take long for Avianca having to file Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The airline also liquidated its subsidiary in Peru. In December 2021, Avianca emerged from bankruptcy and in April 2022 Avianca and Viva Air decided to merge while maintaining separate brands. With Viva Air, Avianca was able to combine with a low-cost carrier instead of having to set up a low-cost brand and the company also had a presence in Peru again in the form of Viva Air Perú.

The newest addition to that airline group is Brasilian Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes, which prior to the pandemic was the country's second-biggest airline.

Passenger volumes top 10 airlines South America

Passenger volumes top 10 airlines South America (The Aerospace Forum)

Looking at the passenger numbers it can clearly be seen how the top 10 airlines saw passenger numbers decline by 60% during the pandemic. For Avianca, that decline was even higher as passenger numbers slumped 75%. So, it's not odd that Avianca has been looking to combine with other airlines. In Gol, Avianca finds an airline that's now the third biggest airline in Brasil while it used to be the second biggest airline in the country. So, Avianca and Gol both have reasons to operate in an airline group. Combined, the Abra Group will become the second-largest airline group in South America, positioning the group to compete with LATAM to become the No. 1 airline in South America and Gol will likely try to compete more effectively with Azul and LATAM on the domestic market in Brasil.

The top 10 airlines carried over 200 million passengers in 2019. In 2021, 55% of that passenger flow was recovered. So, there's a lot of potential. In the longer term, the South American market also offers opportunities, though income inequality, political instability and corruption can be considered risks associated to the region.

Route network

Route network Abra Group

Route network Abra Group (FlightConnections)

The airlines in the Abra Group will maintain separate brands and will retain their identity. I think that also means that while there will be synergy and scale advantages, synergies will not be fully unlocked. However, I don't think that is a bad thing. Certainly to reduce debt load, having cost savings is extremely nice but the nicer thing is that the route network of the airlines combined offers a lot of potential to strengthen the airlines.

Avianca has significant presence in Colombia with flight connections to Mexico and the US as well as Europe, while Viva Air strengthens the airline group's presence in the low-cost segment. The big addition is the network that Gol brings to the table. With a thorough network in Brasil as a low-cost carrier, the Abra Group will become a major low-cost player in South America while the low-cost networks can also be used to feed into Avianca's long-haul full-service offering.


We're currently seeing a new round of consolidation, mostly in North and South America. The consolidation in South America with Gol joining the Abra Group makes a lot of sense. Avianca already was not in great shape before the pandemic making it a prudent step for the airline to look for other airlines to partner with. With Viva Air and Gol, the Abra Group will significantly expand its low-cost network where Avianca does serve as a low-cost airline on short-haul routes and as a full-service airline on long haul routes. With the combination of the three airlines, Abra Group will become the second-largest airline in South America with a significant low-cost network that could also be leveraged to maintain and expand the long-haul operations.

The South American market is risky due to income inequality, but I believe that over the longer term Abra Group will be positioned well with its low-cost network as flying becomes affordable for more South Americans.

This article was written by

Dhierin Bechai profile picture
In-depth insights from an expert on the aerospace and airline industries
Dhierin is a leading contributor covering the aerospace industry on Seeking Alpha and the founder of The Aerospace Forum. With his Aerospace Engineering background he has a more indepth knowledge about aerospace products enabling him to cover a complex niche. Most of his reports will be about companies in the aerospace industry or airlines industry, comparing products and looking at market forecasts providing investors with unique and thorough insights. Dhierin has accumulated nearly 20 million views never failing to spark healthy and thoughtful discussions for investors and aerospace professionals.

His reports have been cited by CNBC, the Puget Sound Business Journal, the Wichita Business Journal and National Public Radio. His expertise is also leveraged in Luchtvaartnieuws Magazine, the biggest aviation magazine in the Benelux.

AeroAnalysis offers wide variety of services, ranging from providing data and cost models to consultancy possibilities. Check out our website for more information. Though we believe in the strong nature of our analysis, we are in no way giving buy or sell recommendations and advise everyone to do their own due diligence before making investment decisions.


Disclosure: I/we have no stock, option or similar derivative position in any of the companies mentioned, and no plans to initiate any such positions within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.

Recommended For You


To ensure this doesn’t happen in the future, please enable Javascript and cookies in your browser.
Is this happening to you frequently? Please report it on our feedback forum.
If you have an ad-blocker enabled you may be blocked from proceeding. Please disable your ad-blocker and refresh.