Managing Currency Risk In A Systematic Fashion

May 24, 2022 8:00 AM ETDDLS, DDWM
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Summary

  • Currency hedge value-add to returns was high over this period, but the risk reduction is what we would expect on a longer-run basis.
  • The dynamic currency hedge contained in DDWM added almost 200 basis points per year over the last six years.
  • Over the last decade, the U.S. markets have strongly outperformed international stocks - some of it was tied to the Technology sector dominating U.S. markets - while global markets have more value-tilted exposures and sector biases.

A big currency wave swallows the building

Hiroshi Watanabe/DigitalVision via Getty Images

By Jeremy Schwartz, CFA

Despite fears of a collapsing U.S. dollar fueled by high inflation levels, the dominating driver for currencies has been aggressive Federal Reserve hiking rates, while central banks from Europe and Japan have been slow to remove their accommodation. The Bank of Japan (BoJ) has rather aggressively defended capping its long-term bond yields, which has sent the yen downward as a growing gap exists between U.S. Treasuries and Japanese government bonds (JGBs).

The Dollar: A Hedge on Risk

The dollar has been one of the most negatively correlated assets to the S&P 500 over the last 12 months - and also the last decade - and the evidence questions the merit of assuming foreign currency risk when investing overseas. I recently wrote a note on the benefits of being neutral on foreign currency risk due to the declining diversification properties of weak dollar bets.

USDU SPX

Koyfin

For the most recent standardized performance click here.

Dynamic Hedging

There is also a middle ground between a completely hedged and unhedged approach.

Six years ago, WisdomTree launched a suite of dynamically hedged currency ETFs, and the track records of these systematic hedging strategies have been quite impressive, in my view. This family incorporates currency signals across momentum, interest rates, and currency valuations to determine a hedge ratio on every currency.

The current aggregate hedge ratios are approximately 63% for the basket and range from a low hedge ratio of 50% for the Australian dollar to 100% hedged for the Swiss franc. The euro and yen are both two-thirds hedged - based on the combination of interest rate and momentum signals, while the valuations of those currencies are "cheap" on a purchasing power parity basis, that segment of the signals is unhedged, for one-third of the total hedge ratio.

We have a broad international value strategy and international small-cap strategy with this dynamic hedge feature. Both strategies on an unhedged basis have 16-year histories that were part of the original 20 dividend ETFs WisdomTree launched in 2006.

The WisdomTree Dynamic Currency Hedged International Equity Fund (DDWM) has received a five-star rating from Morningstar, while the small-cap version, the WisdomTree Dynamic Currency Hedged International SmallCap Equity Fund (DDLS), has a four-star rating. See our Morningstar ratings page for more info.

The stars are a quick way of summarizing these strategies as having delivered strong risk-adjusted returns, and there is a good emphasis on the risk-reduction properties that come with the dynamic currency hedge.

Since we launched DDWM in 2016, the MSCI EAFE Value Index has been riskier than the MSCI EAFE Index.

By contrast, our dynamic currency-hedged DDWM has displayed lower risk than the MSCI EAFE Index. We can illustrate this risk reduction in two ways:1

1. Beta: Since Fund inception, the MSCI EAFE Value Index has had a higher beta relative to MSCI EAFE, while DDWM has a beta of 0.83.

2. Standard Deviation: The MSCI EAFE Value Index had a two-point higher standard deviation relative to MSCI EAFE, while DDWM was nearly two points lower, again since Fund inception.

The dynamic currency hedge contained in DDWM - when compared to the same basket of equities without the currency hedge (available via the WisdomTree International Equity Fund (DWM)) - added almost 200 basis points per year over the last six years.

The currency hedge value-add to returns was high over this period, but the risk reduction is what we would expect on a longer-run basis.

DDWM DWM MSCI EAFE Value Index

Zephyr StyleADVISOR

For the Fund's full standardized performance and other important information, click the respective ticker: DDWM, DWM.

Over the last decade, the U.S. markets have strongly outperformed international stocks - some of it was tied to the Technology sector dominating U.S. markets - while global markets have more value-tilted exposures and sector biases. Another factor is currency fluctuations and a stronger dollar hurting unhedged strategies that relied on weak dollar bets.

WisdomTree's dynamically hedged currency family can help access the low valuations of foreign markets but with a strategic approach to managing currency risk.

1 Source: Zephyr StyleADVISOR, as of April 30, 2022. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Subject to change. You cannot invest directly in an index.

Important Risks Related to this Article

There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal. Foreign investing involves special risks, such as the risk of loss from currency fluctuation or political or economic uncertainty. The Fund invests in derivatives in seeking to obtain a dynamic currency hedge exposure. Derivative investments can be volatile, and these investments may be less liquid than other securities and more sensitive to the effects of varied economic conditions. Derivatives used by the Fund may not perform as intended. A Fund that has exposure to one or more sectors may be more vulnerable to any single economic or regulatory development. This may result in greater share price volatility. The composition of the Index underlying the Fund is heavily dependent on quantitative models and data from one or more third parties, and the Index may not perform as intended. The Fund invests in the securities included in, or representative of, its Index regardless of their investment merit, and the Fund does not attempt to outperform its Index or take defensive positions in declining markets. Please read the Fund's prospectus for specific details regarding the Fund's risk profile.

Jeremy Schwartz, CFA, Global Chief Investment Officer

Jeremy Schwartz has served as our Global Chief Investment Officer since November 2021 and leads WisdomTree's investment strategy team in the construction of WisdomTree's equity indexes, quantitative active strategies and multi-asset model portfolios. Mr. Schwartz joined WisdomTree in May 2005 as a Senior Analyst, adding to his responsibilities in February 2007 as Deputy Director of Research and thereafter, from October 2008 to October 2018, as Director of Research and from November 2018 to November 2021 as Global Head of Research. Prior to joining WisdomTree, he was head research assistant for Professor Jeremy Siegel and helped with the research and writing of Stocks for the Long Run and The Future for Investors. Mr. Schwartz also is co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper, What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500? He received his B.S. in Economics from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and hosts the Wharton Business Radio program Behind the Markets on SiriusXM 132. Mr. Schwartz is also a member of the CFA Society of Philadelphia.

Original Post

Editor's Note: The summary bullets for this article were chosen by Seeking Alpha editors.

This article was written by

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WisdomTree launched its first ETFs in June of 2006, and is currently the industry's fifth largest ETF provider. The WisdomTree Seeking Alpha profile will feature content by some of our leading analysts including: Luciano Siracusano: Luciano Siracusano is WisdomTree's Chief Investment Strategist and Head of Sales. He is the co-creator with CEO Jonathan Steinberg of WisdomTree's patented Indexing methodology and has led the firm's sales force since 2008. Luciano is a regular guest on CNBC and FOX Business, and speaks frequently on ETFs, indexing and global financial markets. A former equity analyst at ValueLine, Luciano began his career as a speechwriter for former New York Governor Mario Cuomo and HUD Secretary Henry Cisneros. He graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in Political Science in 1987. Jeremy Schwartz: As WisdomTree’s Director of Research, Jeremy Schwartz offers timely ideas and timeless wisdom on a bi-monthly basis. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Jeremy was Professor Jeremy Siegel's head research assistant and helped with the research and writing of Stocks for the Long Run and The Future for Investors. He is also the co-author of the Financial Analysts Journal paper “What Happened to the Original Stocks in the S&P 500?” and the Wall Street Journal article “The Great American Bond Bubble.” Christopher Gannatti: Christopher Gannatti began at WisdomTree as a Research Analyst in December 2010, working directly with Jeremy Schwartz, CFA®, Director of Research. He is involved in creating and communicating WisdomTree’s thoughts on the markets, as well as analyzing existing strategies and developing new approaches. Christopher came to WisdomTree from Lord Abbett, where he worked for four and a half years as a Regional Consultant. Rick Harper: Rick Harper serves as the Head of Fixed Income and Currency for WisdomTree Asset Management, where he oversees fixed income and currency products developed through our collaborations with the BNY Mellon Corporation and Western Asset Management. Rick has over 19 years investment experience in strategy and portfolio management positions at prominent investment firms. Prior to joining WisdomTree in 2007, Rick held senior level strategist roles with RBC Dain Rauscher, Bank One Capital Markets, ETF Advisors, and Nuveen Investments. Bradley Krom: Bradley Krom joined WisdomTree as a member of the Fixed Income and Currency team in December 2010. He is involved in creating and communicating WisdomTree’s thoughts on currency and fixed income markets, as well as analyzing existing and new fund strategies. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Bradley served as a senior trader on a proprietary trading desk at TransMarket Group. Tripp Zimmerman, Research Analyst Tripp Zimmerman began at WisdomTree as a Research Analyst in February 2013. He is involved in creating and communicating WisdomTree’s thoughts on the markets, as well as analyzing existing strategies and developing new approaches. Prior to joining WisdomTree, Tripp worked for TD Ameritrade as a fixed income specialist. Tripp also worked for Wells Fargo Advisors, TIAA-CREF and Evergreen Investments in various investment related roles. Tripp graduated from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a dual degree in Economics and Philosophy. Tripp is a holder of the Chartered Financial Analyst designation. Jonathan Steinberg, CEO Prior to establishing WisdomTree, Jonathan founded, and served as Chairman and CEO of Individual Investor Group, Inc. From 1998 to 2004, he held the role of Editor-in-Chief of Individual Investor and Ticker magazines. Before his entrepreneurial accomplishments, Jonathan was an Analyst in the Mergers & Acquisitions division at Bear Stearns & Co. He attended The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania and is the author of Midas Investing, published by Random House in 1996. Zach Hascoe, Capital Markets Zach Hascoe began at WisdomTree in August 2010, and works directly with David Abner, Head of Capital Markets. The Capital Markets group is involved in all aspects of the WisdomTree ETFs including product development, helping to seed and bring new products to market, as well as trading strategies and best execution strategies for the client base. Zach works closely with the trading and liquidity community and does analytics on ETF baskets and the capital markets. He is a frequent contributor to the WisdomTree blog on topics related to the capital markets, liquidity, structure and best execution. In addition, he manages the hedge fund relationships for the firm. Zach received a B.A. from Bucknell University and was Captain of the Bucknell Tennis Team.

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