FPA Source Capital Inc. Second Quarter 2022 Commentary

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Summary

  • First Pacific Advisors (FPA) is a Los Angeles-based institutional money management firm practicing a disciplined approach to value investing, prudently seeking superior long-term returns while maintaining a focus on capital preservation.
  • Source Capital Inc.’s (“Source” or “Fund”) net asset value (NAV) decreased 8.03% in 2022’s second quarter.
  • Market declines can be psychologically difficult, but are to be expected, and can be used to allocate capital towards re-priced and newly attractive opportunities.
  • We are predisposed to lean into price weakness by adding to what we believe are quality businesses.
  • A decline in price can afford us the opportunity to buy as much as an increase can offer the chance to sell.

Transfer of Wealth - Financial Concepts

Jitalia17

Dear Shareholders:

Overview

Source Capital Inc.’s (“Source” or “Fund”) net asset value (NAV) decreased 8.03% in 2022’s second quarter and decreased 8.61% for the trailing twelve months, favorable when compared its two relevant benchmarks.

Exhibit A: Performance Versus Indices1

Q2 2022

Trailing 12-month

Source Capital (NAV)

-8.03%

-8.61%

60% MSCI ACWI NR USD/ 40% Bloomberg US Agg

-11.36%

-13.43%

60% S&P 500 / 40% Bloomberg US Agg

-11.63%

-10.24%

Exhibit B: Portfolio Exposure2

Q2 2022

Equity

Common Stocks*

46.4%

Common Stocks –SPACs

8.2%

Total Equity

54.8%

Credit

Public

23.7%

Private (Invested assets only)

18.5%

Total Credit

42.2%

Other

0.2%

Cash

3.0%

Total

100%

1Source: FPA, Bloomberg. As of June 30, 2022.

2For more information related to the Fund’s distribution rate, please see the press release dated May 9, 2022 https://fpa.com/docs/default-source/funds/source-capital/literature/source-capital-pr-may-2022-final.pdf?sfvrsn=c4d909d_2. Dividends and other distributions are not guaranteed.

3For more information related to the Fund’s share repurchase program, please see the press release dated January 4, 2022 (https://fpa.com/docs/default-source/fpa-news-documents/2022-01-04_source-capital-jan-2022-final.pdf?sfvrsn=4a01909d_6).

4Source: FPA. The averages are calculated using daily discount rates.

Past performance is no guarantee, nor is it indicative, of future results.

The MSCI ACWI declined more than 20% from peak to trough during the first half of 2022. The decline in global equity indexes was broad-based, leaving little unscathed, with energy as one of the few exceptions, as rising interest rates, high inflation, fears of a weakening economy, and greater caution around funding risky, money-losing companies. Market declines can be psychologically difficult, but are to be expected, and can be used to allocate capital towards re-priced and newly attractive opportunities. We are predisposed to lean into price weakness by adding to what we believe are quality businesses at increasingly attractive prices, acquiring debt at equity-like returns, building positions in long-admired franchises, and occasionally seeking out opportunities in distressed and deeply out-of-favor situations.

Portfolio Discussion

Equity

The top contributors to and detractors from the Fund’s trailing twelve-month returns are listed below.

Exhibit C: Trailing Twelve Month Contributors and Detractors as of June 30, 20223

Contributors

Perf. Cont.

Avg. % of Port.

Detractors

Perf. Cont.

Avg. % of Port.

Glencore (OTCPK:GLCNF)

0.71%

1.9%

Comcast (CMCSA)

-1.07%

3.1%

American International Group (AIG)

0.46%

2.6%

Naspers (OTCPK:NPSNY) /Prosus (OTCPK:PROSY)

-0.83%

1.5%

Aon (AON)

0.41%

2.0%

Citigroup (C)

-0.81%

2.1%

Broadcom (AVGO)

0.37%

2.5%

Meta Platforms (META)

-0.81%

1.2%

FirstEnergy (FE)

0.14%

1.0%

Holcim (OTCPK:HCMLF)

-0.79%

2.6%

2.08%

10.0%

-4.31%

10.4%

In the last twelve months, Source’s top five performers contributed 2.08% to its return, while its bottom five detracted 4.31%. We believe that some of these ups and downs might prove ephemeral, but we’ll address where our thesis is being validated or where it might be broken.

Glencore is one of the largest globally diversified commodity businesses operating both industrial and marketing businesses. Importantly, we believe Glencore operates in a genuinely shareholder-oriented manner. Source purchased Glencore off-and-on from 2018 through 2020 at what we believe is a single digit multiple of normal earnings power.

The opportunity presented itself when investors were less willing to own commodity sensitive businesses due to a period of low inflation and general disregard for valuation. Net of distributions of above average cyclical profits likely to be earned in 2022, we believe the company still trades at an attractive valuation relative to its long-term earnings power, justifying its continued presence in the Fund.

Our investment thesis on the names that have detracted from performance have not materially changed but highlight the following.

Prosus’ stock price has declined along with the values of their investment portfolio. Our thesis has somewhat improved as management recently announced a share repurchase program that will be funded, in part, by periodic and partial sales of its Tencent holding. Given that its stock price trades at a greater than 35% discount to its estimated net asset value (NAV), share repurchases should be accretive. The Company’s stock price has appreciated 26% since the announcement.4

Comcast, along with our investment in Charter (CHTR), the Fund’s investment in the US cable industry, is an example of us leaning into fear. These investments have underperformed in the last year but still trade above the Fund’s cost basis. The industry has been plagued by fears of video cord cutting, and competition from 5G and Fiber to the Home. This allowed us to buy and to continue to hold both Comcast and Charter Communications.

These businesses trade at what we believe are reasonable valuations and we think should have attractive growth in free cash flow over the next decade. We expect that they will allocate that free cash flow in the best interest of shareholders, given that they are controlled by owner-operators.

We added five new equity positions to the Fund and exited one in the quarter. One of the new equity positions the Fund has taken on includes CarMax (KMX).

CarMax has three operating segments: used retail, used wholesale, and used auto lending. The general market decline and recession concerns have caused its stock price to decline by almost half since it peaked in Q4 2021. CarMax is the largest US company in the used car retail space. We think CarMax has the opportunity to gain share in the market due to its strong wholesale business, historically good returns on capital, and an excellent management team that invests for the future and allocates capital with an owner-oriented mindset.[3]

Recessionary concerns are valid as their lending business, in particular, will likely be hurt. We would not be surprised to see its stock price decline as a result and would consider the opportunity to increase the Fund’s stake at that time.

In equities, more traditional value stocks are no longer as inexpensive, unlike March 2020 when value spreads (the cheapest 20% of the market versus the market average) got to 2008 levels of cheapness. We have therefore spent more time considering (and adding to) faster growing, better quality businesses, many of which are both less expensive than the market today and where they have historically been valued, as supported in the following Exhibits D and E.

Exhibit D: Valuation Spreads – The Cheapest Quintile Compared to the Market Average (1926 – June 30, 2022)[4]

Exhibit D: Valuation Spreads – The Cheapest Quintile Compared to the Market Average (1926 – June 30, 2022)[4]

Exhibit E:The Big Growers – Relative Price to Sales Ratio[5]

Exhibit E: The Big Growers – Relative Price to Sales Ratio[5]

We will remain flexible, and seek to take advantage of opportunities that present a margin of safety, whether they are perceived as “value” or “growth.” [6]

Relatively speaking, international markets continue to trade at lower valuations than that of the US, as shown in Exhibit F below. That explains, in part, the Fund’s increase in international exposure from 23.9% to 37.4% of the Fund’s net equities over the last four years. We continue to find attractive opportunities outside of the US.

Exhibit F: Twelve-Month Forward Price to Earnings Ratio Discount MSCI AC World Index ex-US vs S&P 500 Index[7]

Exhibit F: Twelve-Month Forward Price to Earnings Ratio Discount MSCI AC World Index ex-US vs S&P 500 Index[7]

Traditional

Credit (investments rated BBB or lower) has become cheaper, but we would not say it is generally attractive. The following chart shows the history of the BB component of the high yield, index excluding energy. We often look at this measure of the market for a more consistent view of history, less burdened by changes in composition of the index over time.

Exhibit G: Bloomberg US High-Yield BB excluding Energy[8]

Exhibit G: Bloomberg US High-Yield BB excluding Energy[8]

It is tempting to look at charts like these, marvel at how much yields and spreads have increased recently and proclaim “the market is cheap”! Yes, the market is cheaper compared to a 2.7% yield which is where the above index traded in September 2021. But is the market cheap or attractively priced on an absolute basis?

We do not think so and the reason is that not all markets are created equal. The high yield bond universe that exists today is the rotten fruit of seeds planted in the past couple of years when easy monetary policy created an environment where investors clamored for return. As a consequence of those times, today’s high yield bond universe is marked by higher leverage, thinner tranches and weaker protections for investors. Nevertheless, we never stop looking because, as described earlier, we sometimes find select opportunities that are attractive.

Private Credit

The Fund’s private credit holdings continue to ramp. The Fund’s exposure (committed + invested capital) increased to 28.1% at quarter end vs. 24.7% at the end of 2021 and 11.7% at the end of 2020. We are currently underwriting potential private credit investment opportunities to an expected rate of return of approximately 9% to 11%.[9]

Convertible Bonds

Exposure to high-yield bonds has been low due to historically low yields and spreads to Treasuries. Since Q4, the high-yield bond index has declined 10% as both Treasury yields have increased, and credit spreads have widened. We have begun to see some compelling risk-adjusted opportunities in convertible bonds specifically for the first time since 2000. Many stocks have seen a tremendous decline in price, particularly those companies that are still in their earlier stages with business models that have yet to be optimized.

Some of these companies had raised money to fund their growth via convertible bonds initially with yields of 1% and lower. With the conversion price now well out of the money due the decline in their stock prices, the bonds have traded down and now offer what we believe are attractive yields to intermediate term maturities that leave some optionality should these businesses succeed. If this is the case, we would expect the market to reward them with a higher stock price that should translate to a higher bond price; and an outside chance that the convertible feature pays off prior to maturity.

The average yield-to-maturity of these bonds is currently 12.8%, 440 basis points better than the 8.4% yield currently offered in the high-yield market.12 The allocation to these bonds is small for now, but we are hopeful a combination of a further increase in interest rates and continued stock market volatility may allow us to increase the allocation to this space.

Corporate and Other Matters

Distribution and Yield

On May 9, 2022, the Fund’s Board approved maintaining the Fund’s regular monthly distribution at the current rate of 18.5 cents per share through August 2022.13 This equates to an annualized 5.95% unlevered distribution rate based on the Fund’s closing market price on June 30, 2022.

Share Buyback

Source’s average discount to NAV rose during the 2nd quarter of 2022 to 7.79% vs. 6.36% in the 1st quarter. The Fund repurchased 29,433 shares during the 2nd quarter, representing 0.352% of the outstanding shares, at an average price of $37.96 per share and at an average discount to NAV of 8.80%.14

Discount to NAV

The Fund’s discount to NAV closed at 7.09% on June 30, 2022, up from 5.13% at the end of the 1st quarter of 2022. The average discount to NAV for the trailing twelve months was 6.57%.15

Closing

We are living through what is not our first volatile period. While we cannot tame volatility, we have learned to make friends with it. A decline in price can afford us the opportunity to buy as much as an increase can offer the chance to sell. We believe our hyper focus on price and business quality should allow us to successfully navigate this current turbulent moment in time.

Respectfully submitted,

Source Capital Portfolio Management Team


Footnotes

3Reflects the top five contributors and detractors to the Fund’s performance based on contribution to return for the trailing twelve months (“TTM”). Contribution is presented gross of investment management fees, transactions costs, and Fund operating expenses, which if included, would reduce the returns presented. The information provided does not reflect all positions purchased, sold or recommended by FPA during the quarter. A copy of the methodology used and a list of every holding’s contribution to the overall Fund’s performance during the TTM is available by contacting FPA Client Service at crm@fpa.com. It should not be assumed that recommendations made in the future will be profitable or will equal the performance of the securities listed.

4Source: Prosus announcement, June 27, 2022. Appreciation is in Euros, the local currency as of July 21, 2022. https://www.prosus.com/news/the-group-announces-the-beginning-of-an-open-ended-share-repurchase-programme-of-prosus-andnaspers-shares/

5Source: FPA, recent Company filings, Automotive News. As of June 30, 2022.

6Source: Empirical Research Analysis, National Bureau of Economic Research. As of June 30, 2022. Cheapest quintile refers to the most undervalued 20% of stocks in an analysis of large-capitalization US stocks. Standard Deviation is a measure of dispersion of a data set from its mean. Prior to 1952, the spread is measured using the price-to-book data of the largest 1,500 stocks. Current Level refers to the valuation spread as of June 30, 2022 which is 0.4 standard deviations above the mean.

7Source: Empirical Research Partners (“ERP”) Analysis, National Bureau of Economic Research, as of June 5, 2022. Equally-weighted data. ERP categorized a group of 75 US large-capitalization stocks that they have faster and stronger growth credentials than the rest of the US large-cap universe as ‘Big Growers’. The analysis covers the period January 1960 through June 5, 2022.

8Margin of Safety - Buying with a “margin of safety” is when a security is purchased at a discount to the portfolio manager’s estimate of its intrinsic value. Buying a security with a margin of safety is designed to protect against permanent capital loss in the case of an unexpected event or analytical mistake. A purchase made with a margin of safety does not guarantee the security will not decline in price.

9As of June 30, 2022. Source: Factset, MSCI, Standard & Poor's, J.P. Morgan Asset Management Guide to the Markets. Forward Price to Earnings is a version of the ratio of price-to-earnings (P/E) that uses forecasted earnings for the P/E calculation.

10Source: Bloomberg. As of 6/30/2022. YTW is Yield-to-Worst. Spread reflects the quoted spread of a bond that is relative to the security off which it is priced, typically an on the-run treasury.

11There can be no guarantee that current or future investments will achieve the expected rate of return used in evaluating such private credit investments.

12Source: FPA, Bloomberg. As of June 30, 2022.

13For more information related to the Fund’s distribution rate, please see the press release dated May 9, 2022 https://fpa.com/docs/default-source/funds/source-capital/literature/source-capital-pr-may-2022-final.pdf?sfvrsn=c4d909d_2. Dividends and other distributions are not guaranteed.

14For more information related to the Fund’s share repurchase program, please see the press release dated January 4, 2022 (https://fpa.com/docs/default-source/fpa-news-documents/2022-01-04_source-capital-jan-2022-final.pdf?sfvrsn=4a01909d_6). 15 Source: FPA. The averages are calculated using daily discount rates.

Past results are no guarantee, nor are they indicative, of future results.


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Additional disclosure: This Commentary is for informational and discussion purposes only and does not constitute, and should not be construed as, an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale with respect to any securities, products or services discussed, and neither does it provide investment advice. This Commentary does not constitute an investment management agreement or offering circular.

On December 1, 2015, a new portfolio management team assumed management of the Fund and the Fund transitioned to a balanced strategy. Performance prior to December 1, 2015 reflects the performance of the prior portfolio manager and investment strategy and is not indicative of performance for any subsequent periods.
Current performance information is updated monthly and is available by calling 1-800-982-4372 or by visiting www.fpa.com. Performance data quoted represents past performance, which is no guarantee of future results. Current performance may vary from the performance quoted. The returns shown for Source Capital are calculated at net asset value per share, including reinvestment of all distributions. Returns do not reflect the deduction of taxes that a shareholder would pay on Fund distributions, which would lower these figures. Since Source Capital is a closed-end investment company and its shares are bought and sold on the New York Stock Exchange, your performance may also vary based upon the market price of the common stock.

The Fund is managed according to its investment strategy which may differ significantly in terms of security holdings, industry weightings, and asset allocation from those of the comparative indices. Overall Fund performance, characteristics and volatility may differ from the comparative indices shown.

There is no guarantee the Fund’s investment objectives will be achieved. You should consider the Fund’s investment objectives, risks, and charges and expenses carefully before you invest. You can obtain additional information by visiting the website at www.fpa.com, by email at crm@fpa.com, toll free by calling 1-800-279- 1241 (option 1), or by contacting the Fund in writing.

The views expressed herein and any forward-looking statements are as of the date of this publication and are those of the portfolio management team. Future events or results may vary significantly from those expressed and are subject to change at any time in response to changing circumstances and industry developments. This information and data has been prepared from sources believed reliable, but the accuracy and completeness of the information cannot be guaranteed and is not a complete summary or statement of all available data.

Portfolio composition will change due to ongoing management of the Fund. References to individual financial instruments or sectors are for informational purposes only and should not be construed as recommendations by the Fund or the portfolio managers. It should not be assumed that future investments will be profitable or will equal the performance of the financial instrument or sector examples discussed. The portfolio holdings as of the most recent quarter-end may be obtained atwww.fpa.com.

Investing in closed‐end funds involves risk, including loss of principal. Closed‐end fund shares may frequently trade at a discount (less than) or premium (more than) to their net asset value. If the Fund’s shares trade at a premium to net asset value, there is no assurance that any such premium will be sustained for any period of time and will not decrease, or that the shares will not trade at a discount to net asset value thereafter.

Capital markets are volatile and can decline significantly in response to adverse issuer, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments. It is important to remember that there are risks inherent in any investment and there is no assurance that any investment or asset class will provide positive performance over time.

The Fund may purchase foreign securities, including American Depository Receipts (ADRs) and other depository receipts, which are subject to interest rate, currency exchange rate, economic and political risks; these risks may be heightened when investing in emerging markets. Non‐U.S. investing presents additional risks, such as the potential for adverse political, currency, economic, social or regulatory developments in a country, including lack of liquidity, excessive taxation, and differing legal and accounting standards. Non‐U.S. securities, including American Depository Receipts (ADRs) and other depository receipts, are also subject to interest rate and currency exchange rate risks.

The return of principal in a fund that invests in fixed income securities is not guaranteed. The Fund’s investments in fixed income securities have the same issuer, interest rate, inflation and credit risks that are associated with underlying bonds owned by the Fund. Such investments may be secured, partially secured or unsecured and may be unrated, and whether or not rated, may have speculative characteristics. The market price of the Fund’s fixed income investments will change in response to changes in interest rates and other factors.

Generally, when interest rates go up, the value of fixed income securities, such as bonds, typically go down (and vice versa) and investors may lose principal value. Credit risk is the risk of loss of principle due to the issuer's failure to repay a loan. Generally, the lower the quality rating of a security, the greater the risk that the issuer will fail to pay interest fully and return principal in a timely manner. If an issuer defaults, the security may lose some or all its value. Lower rated bonds, convertible securities and other types of debt obligations involve greater risks than higher rated bonds.

Mortgage securities and collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs) are subject to prepayment risk and the risk of default on the underlying mortgages or other assets; such derivatives may increase volatility. Convertible securities are generally not investment grade and are subject to greater credit risk than higher‐rated investments. High yield securities can be volatile and subject to much higher instances of default. The Fund may experience increased costs, losses and delays in liquidating underlying securities should the seller of a repurchase agreement declare bankruptcy or default.

The ratings agencies that provide ratings are Standard and Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch. Credit ratings range from AAA (highest) to D (lowest). Bonds rated BBB or above are considered investment grade. Credit ratings of BB and below are lower-rated securities (junk bonds). High-yielding, non-investment grade bonds (junk bonds) involve higher risks than investment grade bonds. Bonds with credit ratings of CCC or below have high default risk.
Private placement securities are securities that are not registered under the federal securities laws, and are generally eligible for sale only to certain eligible investors. Private placements may be illiquid, and thus more difficult to sell, because there may be relatively few potential purchasers for such investments, and the sale of such investments may also be restricted under securities laws.

The Fund may use leverage. While the use of leverage may help increase the distribution and return potential of the Fund, it also increases the volatility of the Fund’s net asset value (NAV), and potentially increases volatility of its distributions and market price. There are costs associated with the use of leverage, including ongoing dividend and/or interest expenses. There also may be expenses for issuing or administering leverage. Leverage changes the Fund’s capital structure through the issuance of preferred shares and/or debt, both of which are senior to the common shares in priority of claims. If short-term interest rates rise, the cost of leverage will increase and likely will reduce returns earned by the Fund’s common stockholders.

Value style investing presents the risk that the holdings or securities may never reach their full market value because the market fails to recognize what the portfolio management team considers the true business value or because the portfolio management team has misjudged those values. In addition, value style investing may fall out of favor and underperform growth or other styles of investing during given periods.

Investing in Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (“SPACS”) involves risks. Because SPACs and similar entities have no operating history or ongoing business other than seeking acquisitions, the value of their securities is particularly dependent on the ability of the entity’s management to identify and complete a profitable acquisition. SPACs are not required to provide the depth of disclosures or undergo the rigorous due diligence of a traditional initial public offering (IPO). Investors in SPACs may become exposed to speculative investments, foreign or domestic, in higher risk sectors/industries. SPAC investors generally pay certain fees and give the sponsor certain incentives (e.g., discounted ownership stakes) not found in traditional IPOs. Due to this, an investment in a SPAC may include potential conflicts and the potential for misalignment of incentives in the structure of the SPAC. For more information relating to the risks of investing in SPACs please refer to the Fund’s offering documents or FPA’s Form ADV Part 2A.

Distribution Rate

Distributions may include ordinary income, net capital gains and/or returns of capital. Generally, a return of capital would occur when the amount distributed by the Fund includes a portion of (or is comprised entirely of) your investment in the Fund in addition to (or rather than) your pro-rata portion of the Fund’s net income or capital gains. The Fund’s distributions in any period may be more or less than the net return earned by the Fund on its investments, and therefore should not be used as a measure of performance or confused with “yield” or “income.” A return of capital is not taxable; rather it reduces a shareholder’s tax basis in his or her shares of the Fund. If the Fund estimates that a portion of its distribution may be comprised of amounts from sources other than net investment income, the Fund will notify shareholders of the estimated composition of such distribution through a separate written Section 19 notice. Such notices are provided for informational purposes only, and should not be used for tax reporting purposes. Final tax characteristics of all Fund distributions will be provided on Form 1099-DIV, which is mailed after the close of the calendar year.

The Fund’s distribution rate may be affected by numerous factors, including changes in realized and projected market returns, Fund performance, and other factors. There can be no assurance that a change in market conditions or other factors will not result in a change in the Fund’s distribution rate at a future time.

Index Definitions

Comparison to any index is for illustrative purposes only and should not be relied upon as a fully accurate measure of comparison. The Fund may be less diversified than the indices noted herein, and may hold non-index securities or securities that are not comparable to those contained in an index. Indices will hold positions that are not within the Fund’s investment strategy. Indices are unmanaged and do not reflect any commissions, transaction costs, or fees and expenses which would be incurred by an investor purchasing the underlying securities and which would reduce the performance in an actual account. You cannot invest directly in an index. The Fund does not include outperformance of any index in its investment objectives.

S&P 500 Index includes a representative sample of 500 hundred companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The Index focuses on the large-cap segment of the market, with over 80% coverage of U.S. equities, but is also considered a proxy for the total market.

MSCI ACWI Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to represent performance of the full opportunity set of large- and mid-cap stocks across 23 developed and 26 emerging markets.

Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index provides a measure of the performance of the US investment grade bonds market, which includes investment grade US Government bonds, investment grade corporate bonds, mortgage pass-through securities and asset-backed securities that are publicly offered for sale in the United States. The securities in the Index must have at least 1-year remaining in maturity. In addition, the securities must be denominated in US dollars and must be fixed rate, nonconvertible, and taxable.

Bloomberg US High Yield Index measures the market of USD-denominated, non-investment grade, fixed-rate, taxable corporate bonds.

Bloomberg US High Yield Index ex. Energy measures the market of USD-denominated, non-investment grade, fixed- rate, taxable corporate bonds excluding Energy sector.

60% S&P 500/ 40% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index is a hypothetical combination of unmanaged indices and comprises 60% S&P 500 Index and 40% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index.
60% MSCI ACWI/ 40% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index is a hypothetical combination of unmanaged indices and comprises 60% MSCI ACWI Index and 40% Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index.

Other Definitions

Credit Spread is the difference in yield between a U.S. Treasury bond and another debt security of the same maturity but different credit quality

Discount to Net Asset Value (NAV) is a pricing situation when an exchange-trade fund (ETF) or mutual fund’s market trading price is lower than its daily net asset value (NAV).

Effective Duration (years) is the duration calculation for bonds with embedded options. Effective duration takes into account that expected cash flows will fluctuate as interest rates change.

Market Capitalization refers to the total dollar market value of a company's outstanding shares of stock. Commonly referred to as "market cap," it is calculated by multiplying the total number of a company's outstanding shares by the current market price of one share.

Market Cycles, also known as stock market cycles, is a wide term referring to trends or patterns that emerge during different markets or business environments.

Net Asset Value (NAV) represents the net value of a mutual fund and is calculated as the total value of the fund’s assets minus the total value of its liabilities, and is shown as a per share price.
Net Equity Exposure includes long equity securities minus short-sales and preferred securities.

Net Risk Exposure is a measure of the extent to which a fund’s trading book is exposed to market fluctuations. In regard to the Fund, it is the percent of the portfolio exposed to Risk Assets.

Nominal yield is s the coupon rate on a bond.

Risk Assets is any asset that carries a degree of risk. Risk asset generally refers to assets that have a significant degree of price volatility, such as equities, commodities, high-yield bonds, real estate and currencies, but does not include cash and cash equivalents.

Real yield is the nominal yield of a bond minus the rate of inflation

Standard Deviation is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean.

Yield to Maturity is the rate of return anticipated on a bond if held until the end of its lifetime. YTM is considered a long-term bond yield expressed as an annual rate. The YTM calculation takes into account the bond’s current market price, par value, coupon interest rate and time to maturity. It is also assumed that all coupon payments are reinvested at the same rate as the bond’s current yield.

Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. In most cases, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. Volatility is often measured as either the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index.

©2022 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The information contained herein: (1) is proprietary to Morningstar and/or its content providers; (2) may not be copied or distributed; and (3) is not warranted by Morningstar to be accurate, complete or timely. Neither Morningstar nor its content providers are responsible for any damages or losses arising from any use of this information. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

You can obtain additional information by visiting the website at www.fpa.com, by email at crm@fpa.com, toll free by calling 1‐800‐279‐1241 (option 1), or by contacting the Fund in writing.

© 2022 First Pacific Advisors, LP

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