At my last entry on gold, I discussed gold's relationship with CPI. But gold is also related to (if not more) monetary policy and monetary inflation - in other words, the growth of money supply or inflation caused by money supply.
The most relevant factor in money supply
related to gold is M3. If we look at the M3 money stock for the last 30
years, the picture is not pretty at all. Basically, M3 has grown from
around $1 trillion in 1977 to over $10 trillion today. The US government
actually stopped publishing M3 a short while ago. This is probably not for the reason
claimed - to save $1M on data compiling - since M3 is one of the most
important economic figures published and studied by economists and the
financial world. The real reason is probably that M3 has been running
out of control, rising exponentially especially during last 10 years,
about 12-13% per year recently. Obviously this
12-13% growth on M3 is several times higher than the 2-3% published CPI
Gold doesn't tie exactly one on one to M3 (since we are not returning to gold standard as in the early 1970s), and I don't know what the ratio should be, but as we can see, the monetary inflation reflected by M3 is much worse than CPI. Can you imagine what gold price would be if one day we decided to go back to gold standard? It would be 10 times the average gold price in 1970s when our M3 was less than 1/10 of today's level.
Besides CPI and M3, there are several other indexes people compare with gold. One of them is DJIA vs. Gold, a favorite ratio for Newmont's former President and Vice Chairman, Pierre Lassonde. If we use DJIA to represent paper assets, and gold for hard assets, Mr. Lassonde noticed that in last 100 years, DJIA/Gold has reached between 1-3 five times, so he thinks that sometimes in the future, the ratio could drop back to the same range.
don't know at that time what the DJIA level would be, but if during a
bear market DJIA dropped half of its value, landed at 7,000,
and we conservatively used the ratio of 3, gold would still be over $2,000. As Mr.
Lassonde famously said, he expects that gold will have 3 zeroes after
its 1st digit, and it is just a matter of what the 1st digit is.
Another popular ratio which commodity investors often look at is Gold vs. Oil. During the last 30 years, the gold/oil ratio has fluctuated between 8 to 30, and average at 15. We have all heard about $100 oil coming, but not many have discussed its implications to gold. Even using the average ratio of 15, gold would be at $1,500. I expect that at some point in the future, that gold/oil ratio would achieve a much higher level, probably around 25.
We also know gold was up from a $35 bottom to a $887.5 peak in 1970s, a spectacular 2500% run. I don't expect gold will achieve the same return this time, since the $35 per ounce was a suppressed price then, controlled by the government. I feel the free market price, if it was traded at the time right before the government abandoned the gold standard, is probably around $80-$100 per ounce. If so, the real gold ramp up in those 9 years is around 800%. I hope that we will have a similar return during this gold bull market as well, from $250 to $2,000.
At the same time, I also disagree with many other more bullish gold bugs who give a stratospherically high predicted price, such as in the 5 digits. The problem with gold at that level is similar to silver at $50 in late 70s - there won't be any buyers. If no buyers, the market becomes imbalanced and will crash, just like the then silver market.
I think this is also or at least part of the reason that gold crashed in 1980. How many people at that time could afford to buy $800 gold? If gold reaches sky high quotes, it means all kinds of paper assets such as currencies (US or foreign), stocks, bonds etc. etc. are pretty much worthless, so who will be left and how would they come up with the money to buy gold?!