Company Description: Illinois Tool Works Inc. is a diversified manufacturer operates a portfolio of 60 business units that serve industrial and consumer markets globally.
Fair Value: In calculating fair value, I consider the NPV MMA Differential Fair Value along with these four calculations of fair value, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:
1. Avg. High Yield Price
2. 20-Year DCF Price
3. Avg. P/E Price
4. Graham Number
ITW is trading at a discount to only (3.) above. The stock is trading at a 44.4% premium to its calculated fair value of $41.33. ITW did not earn any Stars in this section.
Dividend Analytical Data: In this section, there are three possible Stars and three key metrics, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:
1. Free Cash Flow Payout
2. Debt To Total Capital
3. Key Metrics
4. Dividend Growth Rate
5. Years of Div. Growth
6. Rolling 4-yr Div. > 15%
ITW earned three Stars in this section for (1.), (2.) and (3.) above. A Star was earned since the Free Cash Flow payout ratio was less than 60% and there were no negative Free Cash Flows over the last 10 years. The stock earned a Star as a result of its most recent Debt to Total Capital being less than 45%. ITW earned a Star for having an acceptable score in at least two of the four Key Metrics measured. The company has paid a cash dividend to shareholders every year since 1933 and has increased its dividend payments for 49 consecutive years.
Dividend Income vs. MMA: Why would you assume the equity risk and invest in a dividend stock if you could earn a better return in a much less risky money market account (MMA) or Treasury bond? This section compares the earning ability of this stock with a high yield MMA. Two items are considered in this section, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:
1. NPV MMA Diff.
2. Years to > MMA
The NPV MMA Diff. of the $470 is below the $500 target I look for in a stock that has increased dividends as long as ITW has. If ITW grows its dividend at 5.7% per year, it will take 1 years to equal a MMA yielding an estimated 20-year average rate of 2.6%. ITW earned a check for the Key Metric 'Years to >MMA' since its 1 years is less than the 5 year target.
Memberships and Peers: ITW is a member of the S&P 500, a Dividend Aristocrat, a member of the Broad Dividend Achievers™ Index and a Dividend Champion. The company's peer group includes: The Cooper Industries plc (CBE) with a 1.7% yield, Timken Co. (NYSE:TKR) with a 2.2% yield and Kaydon Corporation (NYSE:KDN) with a 3.6% yield.
Conclusion: ITW did not earn any Stars in the Fair Value section, earned three Stars in the Dividend Analytical Data section and did not earn any Stars in the Dividend Income vs. MMA section for a total of three Stars. This quantitatively ranks ITW as a 3-Star Hold stock.
Using my D4L-PreScreen.xls model, I determined the share price would need to decrease to $58.44 before ITW's NPV MMA Differential increased to the $500 minimum that I look for in a stock with 49 years of consecutive dividend increases. At that price, the stock would yield 2.5%.
Resetting the D4L-PreScreen.xls model and solving for the dividend growth rate needed to generate the target $500 NPV MMA Differential, the calculated rate is 5.9%. This dividend growth rate is above below the 5.7% used in this analysis, thus providing no margin of safety. TGT has a risk rating of 1.50, which classifies it as a Low risk stock.
ITW generates above-average returns from growth in its end markets, along with a growth strategy focused on product innovation. In addition, there has been a shift to more centralized operations in a number of operations which should lower costs in the future. The company has produced a long-term record of strong earnings and dividend growth.
This stock is one of those that is hard to buy when things are going well. Its low debt level and good free cash flow make it a desirable target for many investors. The stock is expensive relative to my calculated fair value price of $41.33. For now, I will wait on a more opportune time to buy.
Full Disclosure: At the time of this writing, I was long in ITW (3.4% of my Income Portfolio). See a list of all my dividend growth holdings here.
Disclaimer: Material presented here is for informational purposes only. The above quantitative stock analysis, including the Star rating, is mechanically calculated and is based on historical information. The analysis assumes the stock will perform in the future as it has in the past. This is generally never true. Before buying or selling any stock you should do your own research and reach your own conclusion. See my Disclaimer for more information.