J.P. Morgan Bailouts Date Back to 1893

Includes: JPM, WMIH
by: Kathy Lien

One of the biggest stories in the financial market today is the seizure and sale of Washington Mutual (NYSE:WM) to J.P. Morgan (NYSE:JPM). Although this is the largest failure in banking history and pages could and have already been written about the severity of WaMu’s demise, I choose instead to talk about how in times of crisis, the true heroes emerge.

This year, J.P. Morgan has swept both Bear Stearns (NYSE:BSC) and Washington Mutual into their coffers. This illustrates the comparative strength of the bank and a tradition that has been more than 100 years in the making.

jpmorgan John Pierport Morgan who established the original J.P. Morgan & Co in 1871 is widely credited for having rescued the US economy and the US government on 2 very prominent occassions - 1895 and 1907. 100 years later, CEO Jamie Dimon is following in Morgan’s footsteps in the credit crisis of 2008.

Here are some snippets from Wikipedia on John Pierport Morgan’s bailouts:

Panic of 1893

In 1895, at the depths of the Panic of 1893, the Federal Treasury was nearly out of gold. President Grover Cleveland arranged for Morgan to create a private syndicate on Wall Street to supply the U.S. Treasury with $65 million in gold, half of it from Europe, to float a bond issue that restored the treasury surplus of $100 million. The episode saved the Treasury but hurt Cleveland with the agrarian wing of his Democratic party and became an issue in the election of 1896, when banks came under withering attack from William Jennings Bryan. Morgan and Wall Street bankers donated heavily to Republican William McKinley, who was elected in 1896 and reelected in 1900 on a gold standard platform

Panic of 1907

The Panic in 1907 may have been worse if not for the intervention of J.P. Morgan, who convinced other bankers in the city to provide a backstop for the crisis. By November the contagion had largely stopped.