I am a value investor with a contrarian tilt, and I tend to take a long-term outlook on my positions. Over the years of following the news and the capital markets, I have come to realize that all developed economies converge to the same point, more or less. While local cuisines and customs are different from place to place, these differences are a difference in degree, and not a difference in kind. In terms of the working mechanics of developed societies, the differences, over time, become indistinguishable. How to produce energy, food, and durable goods; how to transport these items to market; how to dispose of garbage—these problems are not unique to any one place, and as such, neither are the solutions. This idea plays a large part in driving my research, particularly in the energy sector. Thank you for reading my articles.