DISCLAIMER: The content of publications is multiple years old and thus should not be relied upon. The author fully disclaims liability for any and all loss. Each article or comment written by this author is intended as general information only, and is not intended to provide specific advice, or due diligence to be relied on. As such, the information presented in any article or comment does not consider any reader’s personal investment objectives or financial situation; therefore, no articles or comments make any form of recommendations, including investment recommendations. The opinions expressed in any articles or comments on this website are the author's own and do not reflect the views or opinions of any third party. The author is not responsible for actions taken, or not taken based the content of this site. Investment strategies or securities mentioned in any article may not be suitable for investors. The risk of loss in trading securities, including options, and futures can be substantial including the entire investment or greater depending on the investment. Options involve risk and are not suitable for all investors. Please understand all risks associated with investing before investing. Prior to buying or selling an option, a person should read a copy of Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options (http://www.optionsclearing.com/about/publications/character-risks.jsp). Options or other transactions could involve complex tax considerations that should be carefully reviewed and considered along with each reader’s personal financial situation and all other relevant risk factors prior to entering into any transaction. Probability analysis results are theoretical and in nature, and do not reflect any degree of certainty of an event occurring or not occurring. While the author believes the information provided in any article, comment, other written or oral statement is reliable; however, the author does do not guarantee its accuracy, timelines, or completeness. Financial information changes daily and articles and comments are not updated for subsequent changes in financial position or share prices. Transaction costs (commissions and fees) should be considered before entering trades and not accounted for in analyses presented. Past performance referenced in any article or comment is not a guarantee of future performance. You should always consider the risks of investing in the light of your personal circumstances and your due diligence should include consulting with your professional advisor. Links to and from websites do not imply any content endorsements. The author is not responsible for, nor do I control the content of linked websites which are subject to change without my knowledge or consent.