Scot Macdonald, PhD, is the Director of Research for the Equity Management Academy (EMA2Trade.com). He has a doctorate from the University of Southern California with a focus on international political economy. He was a broker and analyst at the largest independent brokerage firm in the western United States for five years. He has researched, written and edited financial articles for more than a decade. He is the author of nine books, including research on decision making and the use of lessons from the past to make current decisions. For information on his books, please visit www.KerreraHousePress.com. Scot works closely with Patrick MontesDeOca, CEO of the Equity Management Academy. Patrick has more than 30 years of trading experience and is the developer of the Variable Changing Price Momentum Indicator (VC PMI), which is a proprietary, artificial intelligence algorithm that has a proven 90% to 95% probability factor for analyzing more than 30 markets.