Casella Waste Systems, Inc. (CWST)

FORM 10-Q | Quarterly Report
CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/02/2019 16:06:48)
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 000-23211
 
CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
03-0338873
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
25 Greens Hill Lane,

Rutland,
Vermont
05701
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: ( 802 775-0325
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading
Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share
 
CWST
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
 
 
 
 
(NASDAQ Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes        No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes        No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  No  
The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of July 15, 2019 :
Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share:
46,598,767

 
Class B common stock, $0.01 par value per share:
988,200

 
 




PART I.
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
 
June 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
3,157

 
$
4,007

Accounts receivable - trade, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,275 and $931, respectively
85,441

 
74,937

Refundable income taxes
2,602

 
2,254

Prepaid expenses
6,433

 
7,345

Inventory
7,054

 
6,542

Other current assets
699

 
2,008

Total current assets
105,386

 
97,093

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $817,367 and $878,701, respectively
406,636

 
404,577

Operating lease right-of-use assets
103,769

 

Goodwill
169,866

 
162,734

Intangible assets, net
43,347

 
34,767

Restricted assets
1,395

 
1,248

Cost method investments
11,264

 
11,264

Deferred income taxes
9,160

 
9,594

Other non-current assets
15,137

 
11,133

Total assets
$
865,960

 
$
732,410

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

1



CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)
(in thousands, except for share and per share data)
 
June 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance leases
$
3,048

 
$
2,298

Accounts payable
61,731

 
57,289

Accrued payroll and related expenses
7,129

 
10,969

Accrued interest
2,209

 
2,415

Contract liabilities
2,644

 
3,074

Current accrued capping, closure and post-closure costs
9,159

 
11,633

Current operating lease liabilities
8,901

 

Other accrued liabilities
25,186

 
23,819

Total current liabilities
120,007

 
111,497

Long-term debt and finance leases, less current portion
483,892

 
542,001

Accrued capping, closure and post-closure costs, less current portion
65,380

 
61,442

Operating lease liabilities, less current portion
65,735

 

Deferred income taxes
2,657

 
2,519

Other long-term liabilities
32,092

 
30,783

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT):
 
 
 
Casella Waste Systems, Inc. stockholders' equity (deficit)
 
 
 
Class A common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 46,599,000 and 41,944,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
466

 
419

Class B common stock, $0.01 par value per share; 1,000,000 shares authorized; 988,000 shares issued and outstanding; 10 votes per share
10

 
10

Additional paid-in capital
480,013

 
373,716

Accumulated deficit
(378,468
)
 
(388,669
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(5,824
)
 
(1,308
)
Total stockholders' equity (deficit)
96,197

 
(15,832
)
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity (deficit)
$
865,960

 
$
732,410

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

2



CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except for per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues
$
187,459

 
$
165,649

 
$
351,123

 
$
313,104

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of operations
128,674

 
111,800

 
246,434

 
217,409

General and administration
22,145

 
20,793

 
44,887

 
41,820

Depreciation and amortization
19,715

 
17,386

 
37,204

 
33,370

Expense from acquisition activities and other items
464

 
349

 
1,140

 
349

Southbridge Landfill closure charge, net
917

 
172

 
1,472

 
1,759

Contract settlement charge

 

 

 
2,100

Development project charge

 

 

 
311

 
171,915

 
150,500

 
331,137

 
297,118

Operating income
15,544

 
15,149

 
19,986

 
15,986

Other expense (income):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
(105
)
 
(79
)
 
(222
)
 
(108
)
Interest expense
6,155

 
6,469

 
12,615

 
12,922

Loss on debt extinguishment

 
7,352

 

 
7,352

Other income
(496
)
 
(342
)
 
(711
)
 
(431
)
Other expense, net
5,554

 
13,400

 
11,682

 
19,735

Income (loss) before income taxes
9,990

 
1,749

 
8,304

 
(3,749
)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes
(1,925
)
 
45

 
(1,897
)
 
(1,543
)
Net income (loss)
$
11,915

 
$
1,704

 
$
10,201

 
$
(2,206
)
Basic earnings per share attributable to common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
47,464

 
42,661

 
46,693

 
42,516

Basic earnings per common share
$
0.25

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.22

 
$
(0.05
)
Diluted earnings per share attributable to common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
48,221

 
43,916

 
47,424

 
42,516

Diluted earnings per common share
$
0.25

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.22

 
$
(0.05
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3



CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income (loss)
$
11,915

 
$
1,704

 
$
10,201

 
$
(2,206
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, before tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hedging activity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap settlements
(38
)
 
(10
)
 
(66
)
 
(70
)
Interest rate swap amounts reclassified into interest expense
44

 
38

 
69

 
91

Unrealized (loss) gain resulting from changes in fair value of derivative instruments
(2,965
)
 
(145
)
 
(4,519
)
 
640

Other comprehensive (loss) income, before tax
(2,959
)
 
(117
)
 
(4,516
)
 
661

Income tax (benefit) provision related to items of other comprehensive (loss) income

 
(32
)
 

 
178

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
(2,959
)
 
(85
)
 
(4,516
)
 
483

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
8,956

 
$
1,619

 
$
5,685

 
$
(1,723
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4




CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)


 
 
 
Class A
Common Stock
 
Class B
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss
 
Total
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
$
(15,832
)
 
41,944

 
$
419

 
988

 
$
10

 
$
373,716

 
$
(388,669
)
 
$
(1,308
)
Issuance of Class A common stock - equity offering
100,446

 
3,565

 
36

 

 

 
100,410

 

 

Issuance of Class A common stock - acquisition

 
67

 
1

 

 

 
(1
)
 

 

Issuances of Class A common stock
260

 
676

 
7

 

 

 
253

 

 

Stock-based compensation
1,431

 

 

 

 

 
1,431

 

 

Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
(1,714
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,714
)
 

Other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hedging activity
(1,557
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,557
)
Balance, March 31, 2019
83,034

 
46,252

 
463

 
988

 
10

 
475,809

 
(390,383
)
 
(2,865
)
Issuances of Class A common stock
2,318

 
347

 
3

 

 

 
2,315

 

 

Stock-based compensation
1,889

 

 

 

 

 
1,889

 

 

Comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
11,915

 

 

 

 

 

 
11,915

 

Other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hedging activity
(2,959
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(2,959
)
Balance, June 30, 2019
$
96,197

 
46,599

 
$
466

 
988

 
$
10

 
$
480,013

 
$
(378,468
)
 
$
(5,824
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


5



CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT) (Continued)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)


 
 
 
Class A
Common Stock
 
Class B
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income
 
Total
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2017
$
(37,862
)
 
41,298

 
$
413

 
988

 
$
10

 
$
356,638

 
$
(395,107
)
 
$
184

Cumulative effect of new accounting principle

 

 

 

 

 

 
18

 
(18
)
Issuances of Class A common stock
310

 
402

 
4

 

 

 
306

 

 

Stock-based compensation
2,077

 

 

 

 

 
2,077

 

 

Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
(3,910
)
 

 

 

 

 

 
(3,910
)
 

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hedging activity
568

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
568

Balance, March 31, 2018
(38,817
)
 
41,700

 
417

 
988

 
10

 
359,021

 
(398,999
)
 
734

Issuances of Class A common stock
361

 
65

 
1

 

 

 
360

 

 

Stock-based compensation
2,121

 

 

 

 

 
2,121

 

 

Comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
1,704

 

 

 

 

 

 
1,704

 

Other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hedging activity
(85
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(85
)
Balance, June 30, 2018
$
(34,716
)
 
41,765

 
$
418

 
988

 
$
10

 
$
361,502

 
$
(397,295
)
 
$
649

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6



CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
10,201

 
$
(2,206
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
37,204

 
33,370

Depletion of landfill operating lease obligations
3,623

 
4,993

Interest accretion on landfill and environmental remediation liabilities
3,579

 
2,862

Amortization of debt issuance costs and discount on long-term debt
1,149

 
1,290

Stock-based compensation
3,320

 
4,198

Gain on sale of property and equipment
(327
)
 
(370
)
Southbridge Landfill non-cash closure charge
179

 
1,273

Development project charge

 
311

Non-cash expense from acquisition activities and other items
(68
)
 
211

Loss on debt extinguishment

 
7,352

Operating lease right-of-use assets expense
4,921

 

Deferred income taxes
(1,565
)
 
(725
)
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(10,057
)
 
(11,338
)
Accounts payable
3,995

 
6,425

Prepaid expenses, inventories and other assets
(2,975
)
 
2,617

Accrued expenses, contract liabilities and other liabilities
(14,928
)
 
(2,184
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
38,251

 
48,079

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(27,687
)
 
(19,369
)
Additions to property, plant and equipment
(46,659
)
 
(35,492
)
Payments on landfill operating lease contracts

 
(3,467
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
363

 
469

Net cash used in investing activities
(73,983
)
 
(57,859
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
41,400

 
528,900

Principal payments on long-term debt
(109,241
)
 
(513,854
)
Payments of debt issuance costs

 
(5,567
)
Proceeds from the exercise of share based awards
2,277

 
398

Proceeds from the issuance of Class A Common Stock
100,446

 

Net cash provided by financing activities
34,882

 
9,877

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(850
)
 
97

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
4,007

 
1,995

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
3,157

 
$
2,092

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest
$
11,672

 
$
11,423

Income taxes, net of refunds
$
16

 
$
84

Supplemental Disclosure of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Non-current assets obtained through long-term obligations
$
9,333

 
$
3,267

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7



CASELLA WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except for per share data)
1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Casella Waste Systems, Inc. (“Parent”), and its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, “we”, “us” or “our”), is a regional, vertically integrated solid waste services company that provides collection, transfer, disposal, landfill, landfill gas-to-energy, recycling and organics services in the northeastern United States. We market recyclable metals, aluminum, plastics, paper, and corrugated cardboard, which have been processed at our recycling facilities, as well as recyclables purchased from third-parties. We manage our solid waste operations on a geographic basis through two regional operating segments, the Eastern and Western regions, each of which provides a full range of solid waste services, and our larger-scale recycling and commodity brokerage operations through our Recycling segment. Organics services, ancillary operations, along with major account and industrial services are included in our Other segment.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements, which include the accounts of the Parent and our wholly-owned subsidiaries, have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Investments in entities in which we do not have a controlling financial interest are accounted for under either the equity method or the cost method of accounting, as appropriate. Our significant accounting policies are more fully discussed in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 , which was filed with the SEC on February 22, 2019.
Preparation of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the accounting for and recognition and disclosure of assets, liabilities, equity, revenues and expenses. We must make these estimates and assumptions because certain information that we use is dependent on future events, cannot be calculated with a high degree of precision given the available data, or simply cannot be readily calculated. In the opinion of management, these consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which include normal recurring and nonrecurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 may not be indicative of the results for any other interim period or the entire fiscal year. The consolidated financial statements presented herein should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 .
Subsequent Events
We have evaluated subsequent events or transactions that have occurred after the consolidated balance sheet date of June 30, 2019 through the date of filing of the consolidated financial statements with the SEC on this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We have determined that there are no subsequent events that require disclosure in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

8



2.
ACCOUNTING CHANGES
A table providing a brief description of recent Accounting Standards Updates ("ASUs") to the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) that we adopted and deemed to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements based on current account balances and activity follows:
Standard
  
Description
  
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other
Significant Matters
Accounting standards adopted effective January 1, 2019
ASU No. 2016-02, as amended through March 2019: Leases ( Topic 842 )
  
Requires that a lessee recognize at the commencement date: a lease liability, which is the obligation of the lessee to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term.
  
We adopted the guidance using the prospective optional transition method effective January 1, 2019, which allowed us to elect not to restate comparative periods and, if applicable, to recognize the effects of applying this guidance as a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of January 1, 2019. We did not recognize a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings upon implementation. Upon adopting this guidance, we recognized a right-of-use asset and lease liability for leases classified as operating leases with a term in excess of 12 months in our consolidated balance sheet. We also prospectively reclassified landfill operating lease payments, along with related accumulated depreciation, that were previously capitalized as property, plant and equipment to operating lease right-of-use assets. Accordingly, the related cash outlays, which were historically considered cash flows from investing activities, were prospectively reclassified as cash flows from operating activities in accordance with Topic 842 . With the assistance of third-party resources, we designed internal controls over the adoption of this guidance and implemented a third-party enterprise lease management software solution. In conjunction with the implementation, we modified our lease policy and internal business processes to effectively manage and account for leases, and to support recognition and disclosure requirements under the new standard. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the accounting for our finance leases. This guidance required additional disclosure over leases in order to comply with the new lease standard. See Note 5, Leases  for additional disclosure.

A table providing a brief description of recent ASUs to the ASC issued by the FASB that are pending adoption and deemed to have a possible material impact on our consolidated financial statements based on current account balances and activity follows:
Standard
  
Description
  
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other
Significant Matters
Accounting standards issued pending adoption
ASU No. 2017-04: Intangibles - Goodwill and Other ( Topic 350 )
 
Requires that when an entity is performing its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test, it should compare the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount when calculating its impairment charge, noting that the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, if applicable, an entity should consider income tax effects from any tax deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when calculating its impairment charge.
 
As of December 31, 2018, we did not record a goodwill impairment charge related to our annual goodwill impairment test because at that time the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded its respective carrying value. Upon adoption, if the carrying value of any of these reporting units exceeds the fair value when we perform a goodwill impairment test, we would record an impairment charge equal to the amount by which the carrying value exceeds its fair value. This guidance is effective January 1, 2020 with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017.

3.
REVENUE RECOGNITION
A table of revenues disaggregated by service line and timing of revenue recognition by operating segment for each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 follows:
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Eastern
 
Western
 
Recycling
 
Other
 
Total Revenues
Collection
$
38,955

 
$
54,151

 
$

 
$

 
$
93,106

Landfill
5,427

 
18,855

 

 

 
24,282

Transfer
11,923

 
8,597

 

 

 
20,520

Customer solutions

 

 

 
19,216

 
19,216

Recycling
577

 
341

 
10,514

 

 
11,432

Organics

 

 

 
14,905

 
14,905

Transportation

 
2,895

 

 
392

 
3,287

Landfill gas-to-energy
194

 
517

 

 

 
711

Total revenues
$
57,076

 
$
85,356

 
$
10,514

 
$
34,513

 
$
187,459

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transferred at a point-in-time
$
52

 
$
178

 
$
5,051

 
$
1,454

 
$
6,735

Transferred over time
57,024

 
85,178

 
5,463

 
33,059

 
180,724

Total revenues
$
57,076

 
$
85,356

 
$
10,514

 
$
34,513

 
$
187,459


9



Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Eastern
 
Western
 
Recycling
 
Other
 
Total Revenues
Collection
$
34,625

 
$
40,869

 
$

 
$

 
$
75,494

Landfill
7,883

 
16,200

 

 

 
24,083

Transfer
10,745

 
8,011

 

 

 
18,756

Customer solutions

 

 

 
15,950

 
15,950

Recycling

 
1,445

 
9,600

 

 
11,045

Organics

 

 

 
14,647

 
14,647

Transportation

 
3,559

 

 
820

 
4,379

Landfill gas-to-energy
336

 
959

 

 

 
1,295

Total revenues
$
53,589

 
$
71,043

 
$
9,600

 
$
31,417

 
$
165,649

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transferred at a point-in-time
$
181

 
$
246

 
$
5,618

 
$
1,725

 
$
7,770

Transferred over time
53,408

 
70,797

 
3,982

 
29,692

 
157,879

Total revenues
$
53,589

 
$
71,043

 
$
9,600

 
$
31,417

 
$
165,649

Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Eastern
 
Western
 
Recycling
 
Other
 
Total Revenues
Collection
$
72,919

 
$
103,746

 
$

 
$

 
$
176,665

Landfill
9,144

 
34,323

 

 

 
43,467

Transfer
20,909

 
13,872

 

 

 
34,781

Customer solutions

 

 

 
37,370

 
37,370

Recycling
578

 
782

 
21,280

 

 
22,640

Organics

 

 

 
28,501

 
28,501

Transportation

 
4,942

 

 
910

 
5,852

Landfill gas-to-energy
523

 
1,324

 

 

 
1,847

Total revenues
$
104,073

 
$
158,989

 
$
21,280

 
$
66,781

 
$
351,123

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transferred at a point-in-time
$
88

 
$
487

 
$
11,175

 
$
1,721

 
$
13,471

Transferred over time
103,985

 
158,502

 
10,105

 
65,060

 
337,652

Total revenues
$
104,073

 
$
158,989

 
$
21,280

 
$
66,781

 
$
351,123



10



Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Eastern
 
Western
 
Recycling
 
Other
 
Total Revenues
Collection
$
65,149

 
$
77,353

 
$

 
$

 
$
142,502

Landfill
13,843

 
30,740

 

 

 
44,583

Transfer
18,304

 
13,617

 

 

 
31,921

Customer solutions

 

 

 
31,119

 
31,119

Recycling

 
2,394

 
19,757

 

 
22,151

Organics

 

 

 
26,847

 
26,847

Transportation

 
9,383

 

 
1,504

 
10,887

Landfill gas-to-energy
798

 
2,296

 

 

 
3,094

Total revenues
$
98,094

 
$
135,783

 
$
19,757

 
$
59,470

 
$
313,104

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transferred at a point-in-time
$
372

 
$
614

 
$
12,875

 
$
2,082

 
$
15,943

Transferred over time
97,722

 
135,169

 
6,882

 
57,388

 
297,161

Total revenues
$
98,094

 
$
135,783

 
$
19,757

 
$
59,470

 
$
313,104

Payments to customers that are not in exchange for a distinct good or service are recorded as a reduction of revenues. Rebates to certain customers associated with payments for recycled or organic materials that are received and subsequently processed and sold to other third-parties amounted to $1,109 and $2,447 in the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 , respectively, and $1,616 and $3,084 in the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 , respectively. Rebates are generally recorded as a reduction of revenues upon the sale of such materials, or upon receipt of the recycled materials at our facilities. These payments were previously recorded as a cost of operations. We did not record any revenues in the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018 from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods.
Contract receivables, which are included in Accounts receivable - trade, net are recorded when billed or when related revenue is earned, if earlier, and represent claims against third-parties that will be settled in cash. Accounts receivable - trade, net includes gross receivables from contracts of $83,942 and $73,500 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , respectively. Certain customers are billed in advance and, accordingly, recognition of the related revenues is deferred as a contract liability until the services are provided and control transferred to the customer. We recognized contract liabilities of $2,644 and $3,074 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 , respectively. Due to the short term nature of advanced billings, substantially all of the deferred revenue recognized as a contract liability as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were recognized as revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and June 30, 2018 , respectively, when the services were performed.
4.    BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
In the six months ended June 30, 2019 , we acquired three tuck-in solid waste collection businesses in our Eastern region and a business comprised of solid waste collection, transfer and recycling operations in our Western region. In the six months ended June 30, 2018 , we acquired one solid waste collection, transfer and processing business in our Eastern region and one solid waste collection business in our Western region. The operating results of these businesses are included in the accompanying unaudited consolidated statements of operations from each date of acquisition, and the purchase price has been allocated to the net assets acquired based on fair values at each date of acquisition, with the residual amounts recorded as goodwill. Acquired intangible assets other than goodwill that are subject to amortization include client lists and non-compete covenants. Such assets are amortized over a five to ten year period from the date of acquisition. All amounts recorded to goodwill, except amounts related to certain acquisitions, are expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

11



A summary of the purchase price paid for these acquisitions and the allocation of the purchase price for these acquisitions follows:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Purchase Price:
 
 
 
Cash used in acquisitions, net of cash acquired
$
25,546

 
$
19,189

Notes payable
2,250

 

Contingent consideration and holdbacks
1,120

 
172

Total
28,916

 
19,361

Allocated as follows:
 
 
 
Current assets
1,865

 
1,640

Land
726

 

Buildings
2,602

 
5,578

Equipment
8,655

 
4,642

Intangible assets
11,619

 
2,700

Other liabilities, net
(1,546
)
 
(1,276
)
Deferred tax liability
(2,137
)
 
(1,635
)
Fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed
21,784

 
11,649

Excess purchase price allocated to goodwill
$
7,132

 
$
7,712


Certain purchase price allocations are preliminary and are based on information existing at the acquisition dates or upon closing the transaction. Accordingly, these purchase price allocations are subject to change. Unaudited pro forma combined information that shows our operational results as though each acquisition completed since the beginning of the prior fiscal year had occurred as of January 1, 2018 is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues
$
189,970

 
$
183,084

 
$
358,243

 
$
348,373

Operating income
$
15,638

 
$
16,606

 
$
20,326

 
$
18,919

Net income (loss)
$
11,954

 
$
2,504

 
$
10,357

 
$
(597
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share attributable to common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
47,464

 
42,661

 
46,693

 
42,516

Basic earnings per common share
$
0.25

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.22

 
$
(0.01
)
Diluted earnings per share attributable to common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
48,221

 
43,916

 
47,424

 
42,516

Diluted earnings per common share
$
0.25

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.22

 
$
(0.01
)

The unaudited pro forma results set forth in the table above have been prepared for comparative purposes only and are not necessarily indicative of the actual results of operations had the acquisitions occurred as of January 1, 2018 or of the results of our future operations. Furthermore, the unaudited pro forma results do not give effect to all cost savings or incremental costs that may occur as a result of the integration and consolidation of the completed acquisitions.
5.
LEASES
We lease vehicles, equipment, property and other non-core equipment in the ordinary course of our business. Leases are classified as either operating leases or finance leases, as appropriate. Our leases have varying terms and may include renewal or purchase options, escalation clauses, restrictions, lease concessions, capital project funding, penalties or other obligations that we considered historically in determining minimum rental payments. We recognize lease expense for operating leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term. We recognize depreciation expense for finance leases over either the useful life of the asset or the lease term based on the terms of the lease agreement.

12



We are also party to landfill operation and management agreements. These agreements are long-term landfill operating contracts with government bodies whereby we receive tipping revenue, pay normal operating expenses and assume future final capping, closure and post-closure obligations. The government body retains ownership of the landfill. There is no bargain purchase option and title to the property does not pass to us at the end of the lease term. We allocate the consideration paid to the landfill airspace rights and underlying land lease based on the relative fair values. In addition to up-front or one-time payments, the landfill operating agreements may require us to make future minimum rental payments, including success/expansion fees, other direct costs and final capping, closure and post-closure costs. The value of all future minimum rental payments is amortized and charged to cost of operations over the life of the contract. We amortize the consideration allocated to airspace rights as airspace is utilized on a units-of-consumption basis and such amortization is charged to cost of operations as airspace is consumed (e.g., as tons are placed into the landfill). The underlying value of any land lease is amortized to cost of operations on a straight-line basis over the estimated life of the operating agreement.
As a part of the implementation of Topic 842 , we elected to adopt the practical expedient package and to not elect the hindsight practical expedient in determining lease term. The practical expedient package allowed us to: 1) not reassess lease classification for existing leases; 2) not reassess whether a contract contains a lease for existing contracts; and 3) not reassess initial direct costs for existing leases. Accordingly, we retained the operating lease and finance lease classifications in all periods presented and did not alter Topic 840 accounting over operating leases in place at transition allowing us to use historical minimum rental payments when determining the right-of-use asset and lease liability for existing operating leases. Upon adopting this guidance, we recognized a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for core leases classified as operating leases with a term in excess of 12 months in our consolidated balance sheet. For other non-core operating leases, which is comprised of small-dollar-value items such as office equipment, we continued to expense these costs in the period incurred rather than capitalizing such expenditures on our consolidated balance sheet. Accounting for finance leases was not impacted by the adoption of this guidance.
Under Topic 842 , we identify lease and nonlease components in a contract to which consideration in the contract will be allocated. As an election, we may elect by class of underlying asset to choose not to separate nonlease components from lease components and instead account for each separate lease component and the nonlease components in a contract as part of the single lease component. We have elected to not separate lease components from nonlease components for property leases and are, therefore, not allocating consideration between lease and nonlease components for this asset class. Lease payments include: fixed payments, including in-substance fixed payments, less any lease incentives paid or payable to the lessee; variable lease payments that depend on an index or a rate; exercise price of a purchase option reasonably certain to be exercised; penalties for terminating a lease; and amounts where it is probable that we will owe under a residual value guarantee. Refundable deposits are not considered to be a fixed payment. Variable lease costs that are not based on an index or a rate are recorded to expense in the period incurred. Lease term is determined at lease commencement, and includes any noncancellable period for which we have the right to use the underlying asset together with any periods covered by an option to extend or terminate the lease if we are reasonably certain to exercise the option to extend or not to exercise the option to terminate. The initial determination of a lease liability is calculated as the net present value of the lease payments not yet paid. The discount rate used to determine present value is the rate implicit in the lease, if present, or, if not present, our incremental borrowing rate, which is a rate that reflects interest that we would have to pay to borrow funds on a collateralized basis over a similar term to the lease and in a similar economic environment. For shorter term leases, such as vehicle and equipment leases, we calculate our incremental borrowing rate using the interest rate from our existing secured line of credit, adjusted based on term. For longer term leases, such as our landfill operating leases, we calculate our incremental borrowing rate based on an industry yield curve with a similar credit rating, adjusted by a company specific spread as determined by a third-party.

13



A schedule of lease costs and other lease information follows:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2019
 
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2019
Lease cost:
 
 
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets
$
503

 
$
912

Interest expense
186

 
342

Fixed lease cost
4,317

 
8,544

Short-term lease cost
1,092

 
1,750

Variable lease cost
35

 
42

Total lease cost
$
6,133

 
$
11,590

 
 
 
 
Other information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
 
 
Financing cash flows for finance leases
$
733

 
$
1,204

Operating cash flows for operating leases
$
4,831

 
$
6,874

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities
$
4,384

 
$
6,857

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities
$
173

 
$
588

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
2019
Weighted-average remaining lease term - finance leases (years)
 
 
6.8

Weighted-average remaining lease term - operating leases (years)
 
 
11.3

Weighted-average discount rate - finance leases
 
 
5.2
%
Weighted-average discount rate - operating leases
 
 
6.5
%

Estimated minimum future lease obligations are as follows:
 
Operating Leases
 
Finance Leases
Fiscal year ending December 31, 2019
$
7,429

 
$
1,670

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2020
12,878

 
3,872

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2021
10,470

 
3,336

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2022
8,324

 
2,740

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2023
6,558

 
2,572

Thereafter
65,739

 
6,924

Total lease payments
111,398

 
21,114

Less: interest expense
(36,762
)
 
(3,946
)
Lease liability balance
$
74,636

 
$
17,168



14



6.    GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
A summary of the activity and balances related to goodwill by reporting segment is as follows:
 
December 31, 2018
 
Acquisitions
 
June 30, 2019
Eastern region
$
28,154

 
$
2,566

 
$
30,720

Western region
120,536

 
4,566

 
125,102

Recycling
12,315

 

 
12,315

Other
1,729

 

 
1,729

Total
$
162,734

 
$
7,132

 
$
169,866


A summary of intangible assets by intangible asset type follows:
 
Covenants
Not-to-Compete
 
Client Lists
 
Total
Balance, June 30, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets
$
25,669

 
$
52,063

 
$
77,732

Less accumulated amortization
(18,195
)
 
(16,190
)
 
(34,385
)
 
$
7,474

 
$
35,873

 
$
43,347

 
Covenants
Not-to-Compete
 
Client Lists
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets
$
21,750

 
$
44,363

 
$
66,113

Less accumulated amortization
(17,584
)
 
(13,762
)
 
(31,346
)
 
$
4,166

 
$
30,601

 
$
34,767


Intangible amortization expense was $1,639 and $3,039 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 , respectively, as compared to $567 and $1,134 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 , respectively.
A summary of intangible amortization expense estimated for the five fiscal years following the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 and thereafter follows:
Estimated Future Amortization Expense as of June 30, 2019
 
Fiscal year ending December 31, 2019
$
3,443

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2020
$
6,340

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2021
$
5,417

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2022
$
4,853

Fiscal year ending December 31, 2023
$
4,565

Thereafter
$
18,729

 
7.    ACCRUED FINAL CAPPING, CLOSURE AND POST CLOSURE
Accrued final capping, closure and post-closure costs include the current and non-current portion of costs associated with obligations for final capping, closure and post-closure of our landfills. We estimate our future final capping, closure and post-closure costs in order to determine the final capping, closure and post-closure expense per ton of waste placed into each landfill. The anticipated time frame for paying these costs varies based on the remaining useful life of each landfill as well as the duration of the post-closure monitoring period.

15



A summary of the changes to accrued final capping, closure and post-closure liabilities follows:
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Beginning balance
$
73,075

 
$
62,290

Obligations incurred
1,217

 
1,793

Revision in estimates (1)

 
1,492

Accretion expense
3,194

 
2,784

Obligations settled (2)
(2,947
)
 
(614
)
Ending balance
$
74,539

 
$
67,745

 
(1)
Relates to changes in estimates and assumptions associated with anticipated costs of future final capping, closure and post-closure activities at the Town of Southbridge, Massachusetts landfill. See Note 9, Commitments and Contingencies and Note 12, Other Items and Charges for additional disclosure regarding the matter.
(2)
Includes amounts that are being processed through accounts payable as a part of our disbursements cycle.
8.    LONG-TERM DEBT
A summary of long-term debt and finance leases by debt instrument follows:
 
June 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Senior Secured Credit Facility:
 
 
 
Revolving line of credit facility ("Revolving Credit Facility") due May 2023; bearing interest at LIBOR plus 1.75%
$
3,100

 
$
69,600

Term loan A facility ("Term Loan Facility") due May 2023; bearing interest at LIBOR plus 1.75%
350,000

 
350,000

Tax-Exempt Bonds:
 
 
 
New York State Environmental Facilities Corporation Solid Waste Disposal Revenue Bonds Series 2014 ("New York Bonds 2014") due December 2044 - fixed rate interest period through 2019; bearing interest at 3.75%
25,000

 
25,000

New York State Environmental Facilities Corporation Solid Waste Disposal Revenue Bonds Series 2014R-2 ("New York Bonds 2014R-2") due December 2044 - fixed rate interest period through 2026; bearing interest at 3.125%
15,000

 
15,000

Finance Authority of Maine Solid Waste Disposal Revenue Bonds Series 2005R-3 ("FAME Bonds 2005R-3") due January 2025 - fixed rate interest period through 2025; bearing interest at 5.25%
25,000

 
25,000

Finance Authority of Maine Solid Waste Disposal Revenue Bonds Series 2015R-1 ("FAME Bonds 2015R-1") due August 2035 - fixed rate interest period through 2025; bearing interest at 5.125%
15,000

 
15,000

Finance Authority of Maine Solid Waste Disposal Revenue Bonds Series 2015R-2 ("FAME Bonds 2015R-2") due August 2035 - fixed rate interest period through 2025; bearing interest at 4.375%
15,000

 
15,000

Vermont Economic Development Authority Solid Waste Disposal Long-Term Revenue Bonds Series 2013 ("Vermont Bonds") due April 2036 - fixed rate interest period through 2028; bearing interest at 4.625%
16,000

 
16,000

Business Finance Authority of the State of New Hampshire Solid Waste Disposal Revenue Bonds Series 2013 ("New Hampshire Bonds") due April 2029 - fixed rate interest period through 2019; bearing interest at 4.00%
11,000

 
11,000

Other:
 
 
 
Finance leases maturing through December 2107; bearing interest at a weighted average of 5.2%
17,168

 
11,248

Notes payable maturing through June 2027; bearing interest at a weighted average of 3.4%
4,473

 
2,401

Principal amount of long-term debt and finance leases
496,741

 
555,249

Less—unamortized discount and debt issuance costs (1)
9,801

 
10,950

Long-term debt and finance leases less unamortized discount and debt issuance costs
486,940

 
544,299

Less—current maturities of long-term debt and finance leases
3,048

 
2,298

 
$
483,892

 
$
542,001

 

16



(1)
A summary of unamortized discount and debt issuance costs by debt instrument follows:
 
June 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Revolving Credit Facility and Term Loan Facility (collectively, the "Credit Facility")
$
6,298

 
$
7,118

New York Bonds 2014
754

 
847

New York Bonds 2014R-2
420

 
450

FAME Bonds 2005R-3
475

 
517

FAME Bonds 2015R-1
587

 
622

FAME Bonds 2015R-2
455

 
493

Vermont Bonds
568

 
595

New Hampshire Bonds
244

 
308

 
$
9,801

 
$
10,950


Credit Facility
As of June 30, 2019 , we are party to a credit agreement ("Credit Agreement"), which provides for a $350,000 Term Loan Facility and a $200,000 Revolving Credit Facility. We have the right to request, at our discretion, an increase in the amount of loans under the Credit Facility by an aggregate amount of $125,000 , subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Credit Agreement.
The Credit Facility has a 5 -year term that matures in May 2023 and bears interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 1.75% per annum, which will be reduced to a rate of LIBOR plus, as low as, 1.25% upon us reaching a consolidated net leverage ratio of less than 2.25 x. The Credit Facility is guaranteed jointly and severally, fully and unconditionally by all of our significant wholly-owned subsidiaries and secured by substantially all of our assets. As of June 30, 2019 , further advances were available under the Credit Facility in the amount of $172,279 . The available amount is net of outstanding irrevocable letters of credit totaling $24,621 , at which date no amount had been drawn.