There is no happier corner of the fixed income universe, which has been soaring like a bat out of hell for the past three years. Average yields for the bond class most sensitive to the economy have collapsed from 18% to near an all-time low of 7.3%, a scant 500 basis points over ten year Treasury bonds.
The ETF (NYSEARCA:JNK), which I have been aggressively recommending since 2009, has clocked a two year total return of over 150%. In fact, junks bonds have outperformed stocks by a substantial margin since the great bull market began in March, 2009.
If you look at the three year chart for (JNK) it virtually tracks the S&P 500 one for one, and therein lies the problem. When bonds act like stocks, what happens to bonds when stocks go down? That is a particularly pertinent question these days as stocks have more than doubled in three years, and are approaching grotesquely overbought levels. After a move the stock index's multiple from 9 to 14, with 16 a possible top, are junk bonds peaking out here? The better question might be whether high oil prices are poised to slam bonds worse than stocks.
A 500 basis point premium does not sound like much compared to the historical range. It is pricing in the near absence of risk in this paper, as if they will live forever? When did I last see this movie? 2006? 2007? How short memories have become.
It might be worth taking some money off the table here, and taking the hit in the cash flow in your portfolio. Lowering the beta is prudent, especially if you are about to move from a 'RISK ON' to a 'RISK OFF' world for more than a day. No doubt, much of the juice in (JNK)'s recent moves came from Ben Bernanke's QE2. Do you really want to wait for the music to stop playing before you grab a chair?
If a client is holding a gun to your head, demanding that you reach for yield with some high risk exposure, then consider foreign junk exposure. At least there, you have the triple tailwinds of higher economic growth, appreciating currencies, and much higher yields.