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Federal Reserve Report: Mobile Financial Services
The use of mobile phones to access a bank account, credit card, or other financial account continued to increase in prevalence among adults in the United States last year, according to the Federal Reserve Board's latest report on the use of mobile financial services. As of December 2013, 33 percent of all mobile phone users and 51 percent of smartphone users had used mobile banking in the past 12 months. This is an increase from 28 percent in December 2012 for mobile phone users and 48 percent for smartphone users. The use of mobile phones to make payments at the point-of-sale has experienced substantial growth over the past several years, increasing threefold between the 2011 and 2012 surveys, and again between 2012 and 2013. In 2013, 17 percent of smartphone owners, representing 9 percent of the U.S. adult population, reported having used their phone to make a purchase at a retail store in the past 12 months.
Mobile phones are also increasingly used to help make decisions while shopping. Among smartphone owners, 44 percent had used their phone to compare prices while shopping and 42 percent had used their phones to browse product reviews in store. Over two-thirds of those who had used their phone to do price comparisons had changed where they made their purchase based on that information.
The Federal Reserve Board completed its first Survey of Consumers' Use of Mobile Financial Services in December 2011, and released a summary report in March 2012. The Board has continued to conduct the survey and release a report annually to monitor trends in the use of mobile financial services, and to understand how the rapidly expanding use of this technology affects consumer decision-making and the overall economy.
The Board's report looks at how consumers access their bank's services using mobile phones ("mobile banking"), at their payment for goods and services using mobile phones ("mobile payments"), as well as their use of mobile phones to inform their shopping decisions.
The most common mobile banking activities continue to be reviewing account balances, monitoring recent transactions, or transferring money between accounts. The use of mobile phones to deposit checks by taking pictures of them using the phone's camera again increased substantially between surveys, with 38 percent of mobile banking users having deposited a check with their phone in 2013.
The use of mobile financial services is particularly prevalent among the 17 percent of the population that is under banked (people with bank accounts but who also use check cashers, payday lenders, auto title loans, pawn shops, or payroll cards). Among the 88 percent of under banked consumers with mobile phones, 39 percent had used mobile banking in 2013. Mobile phones may also allow for the extension of financial services to an additional 10 percent of the population that is unbanked (those without a bank account), as 69 percent of this group has a mobile phone, 64 percent of which are smartphones.
While the use of mobile banking continues to increase, the report indicates that those consumers who do not use mobile banking are becoming more skeptical of the benefit of mobile banking and the level of security associated with the technology. Well over half of mobile phone owners who do not currently use mobile banking say they have no interest in using this technology. Consumers are similarly skeptical of the benefits and security of mobile point-of-sale payments, or believe it is simply easier to use another method of payment. Almost three quarters of all mobile phone owners said that they were "unlikely" or "very unlikely" to use their mobile phones to buy things at the point-of-sale if given the option.
The survey was conducted on behalf of the Board by GfK, an online consumer research firm. Data collection began December 6, 2013, and concluded on December 23, 2013. Just over 2,600 respondents completed the survey. A report summarizing the survey's mobile financial services findings may be found at: www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/consumers-and-mobile-financial-services-report-201403.pdf (Note: 47 page report).
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