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Fuel Saving Car In Bangladesh

The study was conducted by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, which brought together experts from the auto industry, academia and environmental groups. It evaluated more than 100 combinations of fuel-saving technologies to measure both fuel savings and economic cost.
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The cost of carrying out the new rules, the study found, would be significantly less than expected - roughly half of what a previous 2011 report by the same group had estimated.
"This is a good early indication that things are on track to meet the fuel efficiency goals on time and at a reasonable cost," said Roland Hwang, director of the Natural Resources Defense Council's energy and transportation program. "There were lots of claims flying back and forth early on about how much this would cost, and now we know it's going to be very affordable by comparison."
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In calculating the cost to automakers of getting a typical midsize car to meet the 2025 target, the study offered two estimates: $1,200 or $1,700, depending on certain assumptions. By comparison, the 2011 study had estimated those costs could be higher than $3,000.
"This is great news," said Dan Becker, a director at the Center for Auto Safety, an advocacy group. "It shows that you can achieve these fuel economy targets with a conventional vehicle, using normal engines, and to do so cost effectively."
Automakers, however, remained skeptical.
Mitch Bainwol, chief executive of the Auto Alliance, a trade group representing several automakers, said that car manufacturers would review the report's findings to "see how they square with the real-world challenges faced by engineers in our testing labs."
"Today, automakers are using every technology available that can improve mileage and still keep vehicles affordable for Americans," Mr. Bainwol said in a statement. "Looking ahead, we will need to see much greater sales of our most energy-efficient vehicles, including electric vehicles, to meet the steep fuel economy standards."
Julia Rege, director of environment and energy affairs at Global Automakers, another industry trade group, said that "significant challenges remain" for manufacturers to reach the 54.5 miles per gallon fleet average by 2025. The current average is 31.5, according to an estimate by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.
"Greater flexibilities will be necessary for the industry to meet the future standards," Ms. Rege said in a statement, adding that automakers "look forward to continuing our work with the regulatory agencies."
In 2011, when the Obama administration announced its plan to nearly double American automobiles' corporate average fuel economy to 54.5 miles per gallon, the industry resistance behind the scenes was significant. As part of negotiations, the administration agreed to what was called a "midterm review" of the regulations in 2017 - a chance for automakers to take stock of where they are six years later and argue for possible weakening of the rules.
With regulators expected to complete that review by November 2017, the jockeying has already begun, and the safety agency commissioned the new report to act as a vital resource to guide its decision.
"The industry keeps saying we need to change the rules at the midterm review because no one wants to buy an electric car," said Mr. Becker of the Center for Auto Safety. "But the rules don't require selling electric cars, and this report shows you really don't need them to get there."
Automakers disagree and point out that the study focused largely on midsize vehicles, while manufacturers' larger offerings like trucks and S.U.V.s could need no-emissions electric vehicles to balance them out.

John O'Dell, senior editor at Edmunds.com, said that while automakers might have a point that more alternative fuel vehicles could be needed, the adoption of relatively simple, available technology like stop-start (which turns the engine off when a car stops) could make the difference.

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