Rooftop solar company Sunrun presented a case for solar + storage having the highest benefit of offsetting utility infrastructure requirements, citing research from a Crossborder Energy. The research used data from APS in Arizona, where a settlement was reached on March 1st regarding rate designs for solar customers. Sunrun also cited recent research by Berkeley that calls into question arguments made by solar critics that rooftop solar increases retail rates.Crossborder Energy Research and the Value of Solar
Crossborder found that a typical solar home in APS territory would result in more than $750 in avoided costs for the utilities and these savings would continue for 20-30 years or more.
- $250 per solar home in future utility transmission and distribution costs
- $500 in in avoided natural gas peaking plants that would only be used for a few hours a day during peak demand
Sunrun also noted the following additional benefits of rooftop solar:
- Locally-generated power can save 9-18% vs. wholesale power due to line losses, as noted in an MIT report, the Utility of the Future
- Avoidance of environmental cost associated with fossil fuel generation estimated at 2 cents per kilowatt hour
For a solar + storage system, assuming the battery allows the percentage of a solar system's production that can stored used during peak production to increase from 36% to 75%, the $750 per household would increase to $1,500 ($0.15 per kilowatt hour). If you were to add storage to the 1 million existing solar homes in the U.S. it would generate savings of $1.5 billion a year and cost only $5 billion or a ~3 year payback period. Source: Crossborder and Sunrun.Recent Examples of Cost Avoidance
Sunrun cited several examples to support the infrastructure cost avoidance estimates:
- California - CAISO deferred $195 million in transmission lines in 2015 in Northern California and $145 million in transmission lines in Fresno in 2016, as solar in California expanded rapidly in 2014-2016.
- New York - ConEdison avoided a $1.2 billion substation to serve load growth with only $200 million in local generation
- New England - 400 megawatts of solar has driven down the capacity required in the ISO-NE auction
Also cited in the analysis, was a January 2017 study from Berkeley, Putting the Potential Rate Impacts of Distributed Solar into Context, which concluded that for the vast majority of states and utilities, the effects of distributed solar on retail electricity rates will remain negligible for the foreseeable future. The study noted that energy efficiency has had and is likely going to continue to have a far greater impact on electricity rates than distributed solar. The Berkeley study noted that potential impacts would be greater in states that have high solar penetration such as California, New York and Hawaii. Source: Berkeley Study.
Sunrun Partnership with National Grid
Sunrun recently formed a partnership with National Grid to expand solar in New York, which helps validate the value of solar in avoided costs to utilities. The partnership includes a joint marketing agreement, a collaborative grid services pilot, and a direct investment by National Grid in Sunrun's tax equity funds. The partnership could provide a boost to the New York solar market, which experienced slower growth in 2016 and also shifted away from national installers as more consumers choose to buy vs. lease solar panels.