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CMFO and Xianghe: A Dubious Acquisition

|Includes: China Marine Food Group Limited (CMFO), CSKI, LIWA, YUII

This article discusses a questionable acquisition that China Marine Food made in January 2010 that was used to justify a $30mm equity capital raise.

As I wrote in my last post, the financial statements that CMFO files with the SEC are substantially different from the audited financial statements that it files with the Chinese government. Whereas companies like YUII, FUQI and SOLF have matching financials when comparing US and Chinese audited financial statements, CMFO’s revenue in its Chinese filings for 2008 were 85% lower than in its SEC filings. Other financial line items were smaller by similar orders of magnitude.

The company is falsifying one set of financial statements – that’s an obvious fact. The question facing investors is whether CMFO is falsifying the SAIC financials that they file to seven branches of their own government, or whether they’re falsifying the SEC financials that they used to raise $30mm of cash from U.S. investors in January 2010.

In this article, I explain why an acquisition that the company made in January 2010 provides strong evidence that CMFO is engaged in fraudulent activities. Specifically, I believe that the company which CMFO acquired is fraudulent itself.

A Questionable Acquisition

In January, CMFO raised equity capital partly to fund an acquisition of Shishi Xianghe Food Science and Technology Co., Ltd. (“Xianghe”). Xianghe is a manufacturer of algae-based soft drinks. The purchase price was $27.8mm.

Here is the description of Xianghe’s product:

“Xianghe is a Fujian based manufacturer of the branded Hi-Power algae-based soft drinks. Hi-Power was developed by the Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences in coordination with the founder, Qiu Shang Jing. Hi-Power is marketed as a high-protein content drink, low in calories and fat, which provides the consumers a combination of immune system benefits, improved digestion and reductions in hyperglycemia and hypertension. Hi-Power’s target market focuses on health conscious consumers in China’s fast-growing beverage market.”

Here is a link to an informative 8k dated March 16, 2010 about the Xianghe acquisition. Most of the following discussion is disclosed in this 8K. In this link, we discuss specifically where in the 8K we get supporting material for the statements we make below.

From the 8k, we learn that Xianghe’s product actually originated in January 2009, when Qiu Shang Jing paid Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute (YSFRI) $8,776 for “know-how” regarding the development of an algae-based drink. To repeat, Xianghe basically began 1.5 years ago, when Mr. Qiu purchased “know-how” on how to make a certain algae-based drink for eight thousand seven hundred and seventy six dollars.

In April 2009, Mr. Qiu leased office space from CMFO (CMFO waived the rent beginning in July) to set up his new algae-drink company. On July 28, 2009, Mr. Qiu incorporated Xianghe as a legal entity with $43,979 (that’s forty three thousand, nine hundred and seventy-nine dollars). On October 2009, Mr. Qiu contributed an additional $689,504 for a total registered capital of $733,483.

Xianghe was then purchased by CMFO for $27.8mm in November 2009, through a 2-step acquisition that was completed in January 2010.

I’ll repeat the key points. Xianghe began when Mr. Qiu bought “know-how” regarding how to make an algae-based beverage for ~$9k in January 2009. Over the following 9 months, Mr. Qiu contributed an additional ~$733k (with 90% of that in October, one month before the acquisition).

In November, CMFO purchased 80% of Xianghe for $27.8mm.

Based on my calculations, Mr. Qiu achieved a 139,160% annualized return on his investment in the algae drink.

For the avoidance of doubt, here is a graphic representation of what happened:

I find it extremely implausible that a company essentially begun in January 2009 and that received less than $750k of capital in its first 11 months of operation (with 90% of that in the 10th month) would be worth $28mm at the end of the 11th month, unless it had a truly unique patent or technology. Xianghe is a maker of an algae-based beverage. I doubt that this qualifies as a sufficiently unique product that’s worth $28mm purely because of the inherent attractiveness of the product.

Equally absurd is the fact that the “know-how” which Mr. Qiu purchased for $9k is now valued on CMFO’s balance sheet at $23.5mm.

Incidentally, Li Xiaochuan is “the researcher” of YSFRI and also an independent director of CMFO.

More Dubious Financial Statements

Xianghe was begun when “know-how” was purchased in January 2009 for $9k. The company wasn’t actually incorporated until July 28, 2009.

So one would think that Xianghe would have negligible revenue and profit in its first 5 months of operations, correct?

Not according to Xianghe’s financial statements. Keep in mind that Xianghe was audited by CMFO’s same poorly qualified auditor: ZYCPA Company Ltd. ZYCPA, according to its website, has 2 partners and 25 personnel. It received its PCAOB designation in December 2008.

Between July 28, 2009 and December 31, 2009, Xianghe claims to have generated $7.6mm in revenue, $3.0mm in gross profit, $1.7mm of net profit and $1.2mm of cash flow of operations.

With approximately $742k of equity capital (comprised of $9k for know-how in January 2009, $44k of cash contribution on July 28, 2009 and $689k of cash contribution on October 8, 2009), Xianghe was somehow able to generate $7.6mm of revenue and $1.2mm of cash flow from operations in its first 5 months of operations, from selling an algae-based beverage.

Again, I'll demonstrate my points with a graphical representation:


The financial statements for Xianghe provided in the 8K that is “audited” by ZYCPA appear to be fraudulent. The Xianghe story is implausible, and any investors who think otherwise simply didn’t take the time to read the March 8K. Xianghe does exist and does make algae-based drinks. But I believe that it is not worth remotely close to $28mm and it did not generate remotely close to $7mm of real revenue in its first 5 months of operations. I think that Xianghe's numbers, like those of CMFO, are fabricated.

The acquisition of Xianghe served as a way for the creators of CMFO to justify a $30mm equity capital raise in January 2010. I believe that the vast majority of the $28mm that was used to purchase Xianghe was either redirected to personal bank accounts or used for some other dubious purpose.


At the time of writing, I and affiliated entities have a short position in CMFO and a long position in YUII. I intend to trade in these securities subsequent to this post. I may also initiate positions in other stocks mentioned in this article, including CSKI and LIWA.

In no part of this post do I attempt to provide false or misleading information. All facts presented in this post are true to the best of my knowledge.  All opinions presented on this website are my own and accurately reflect my actual opinion on the relevant subject being discussed. To the extent you believe I have provided false or misleading information, please list your concerns in the comments section and I will address them.