Around the world are countless groupings of individuals who deal exclusively or through a mix of legitimate and illegal activities.
These Organized crime groups or criminal organizations are a transnational grouping of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals for the purpose of engaging in illegal activity, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (federal statute - Public Law 09-351) states, "Organized crime means the unlawful activities of members of a highly organized, disciplined association..."
They are called a number of different names including: Mafia (US, Italy), Yakuza (Japan), Chinese Triads, the Irish Mob, the Neapolitan Camorra, the Calabrian 'Ndrangheta, the Indian Mafia, the Unione Corse, Serbian Mafia, and the Bulgarian mafia.
There are also a number of localized mafia organizations around the world bearing no link to any specific racial background. One example of a criminal organization that bears no specific racial background is the United Nations gang; the name alludes to the various ethnic origins of the members and its welcoming of all nationalities into its membership.Around the world in 2010 a number of events have taken place in the Organized crime world. On the very first day of the year reporter Jose Luis Romero was kidnapped for reporting on the Mexican mafia. While investigating the kidnapping police man Jesus Escalante was killed. Due to the Mexican Drug War Mexico is one of the most active countries for organized crime activity. The Mexican Drug War is an armed conflict taking place between rival drug cartels and government forces in Mexico. Although Mexican drug cartels, or drug trafficking organizations, have existed for quite some time, they have become more powerful since the demise of Colombia's Cali and Medellín cartels in the 1990s. Mexican drug cartels now dominate the wholesale illicit drug market in the United States.
Arrests of key cartel leaders, particularly in the Tijuana and Gulf cartels, have led to increasing drug violence as cartels fight for control of the trafficking routes into the United States