Annaly Capital Management, Inc. Reports 1st Quarter 2019 Results

|Business Wire|About: NLY

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Annaly Capital Management, Inc. (NLY) ("Annaly" or the "Company") today announced its financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

Financial Highlights

  • GAAP net income (loss) of ($0.63) per average common share
  • Core earnings (excluding PAA) of $0.29 per average common share
  • GAAP return on average equity of (22.72%) and core return on average equity (excluding PAA) of 11.59%
  • Book value per common share of $9.67 up 3% from December 31, 2018
  • Economic leverage of 7.0x unchanged from prior quarter
  • Economic return for the quarter (non-annualized) of 6.18%
  • Declared quarterly common stock dividend of $0.30 per common share in the first quarter; pre-announced an expected quarterly common stock dividend of $0.25 per common share for the remainder of 2019 beginning with the second quarter, subject to the discretion and approval of our board of directors

Business Highlights

Investment and Capital Growth

  • Portfolio growth of 12% largely driven by purchases of Agency MBS; originated or purchased over $1 billion of credit assets
  • Further expansion of Annaly Commercial Real Estate Group's national coverage model with opening of Midwest office

Financing and Liquidity

  • Economic leverage nearly 20% lower than Agency mREIT peers; 51% less levered across our credit investment groups than the average of the five largest peers in each sector
  • Unencumbered assets of $9 billion at quarter end
  • Annaly Commercial Real Estate Group: Closed $857.3 million managed commercial real estate collateralized loan obligation with a two year reinvestment period during the first quarter of 2019
  • Annaly Residential Credit Group: Completed $394.0 million securitization during the first quarter of 2019, representing the fourth deal closed through Annaly’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Onslow Bay Financial LLC, and closed fifth securitization of $388.2 million subsequent to quarter end, bringing aggregate issuance to $1.9 billion since the beginning of 2018
  • Annaly Middle Market Lending Group: Secured additional financing capacity with the establishment of a $200.0 million credit facility during the quarter
  • Securitization efforts in the first quarter of 2019 within the residential credit and commercial real estate businesses have contributed to over 75 basis points of incremental levered returns on investments while adding liquidity
  • Subsequent to quarter end, announced the redemption of Annaly’s $55.0 million 8.125% Series H preferred stock

Corporate Governance

  • Reduced management fee by 30 basis points, a decrease of nearly 30%, to 0.75% on incremental equity above total Stockholders’ Equity (as defined in the Management Agreement) calculated as of February 28, 2019, highlighting the benefits of size and scale of the platform
  • Expanded Board of Directors with election of two new Independent Directors during the quarter; following the 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, we expect the Board will be comprised of 82% independent directors and 45% women
  • Published extensive disclosure on the Company’s commitment to leading Corporate Responsibility practices

"During the first quarter of 2019 we opportunistically grew our portfolio, largely driven by purchases of Agency MBS and supplemented by enhanced origination capabilities that resulted in the sourcing of over $1 billion of credit assets," commented Kevin Keyes, Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President. "Additionally, we increased our capital optimization and liquidity through new financing structures and additional capacity. Over the last five years we delivered unmatched stability with our dividend and through our efficient operating structure and diversified investment platform, while providing transparency about realistic returns achievable in the market. In the current environment, one characterized by a flattening yield curve and compressed spreads, we remain committed to delivering high quality earnings and a stable yield without assuming excessive risk or sacrificing liquidity. Accordingly, we have pre-announced an expected quarterly dividend of $0.25 for the second quarter and for the remainder of 2019. Although we could maintain elevated earnings and dividend payouts by increasing leverage, we are focused on optimal liquidity thresholds and managing the portfolio within conservative risk parameters."

Mr. Keyes continued, "Also in the first quarter, we continued to enhance our leading corporate governance practices with the addition of two new independent directors, Kathy Hopinkah Hannan and Thomas Hamilton. Following the 2019 Annual Meeting, we expect the Board will be comprised of 82% independent directors and 45% women. Finally, we proactively reduced the management fee by nearly 30% to 0.75% on incremental equity raised - further demonstrating the benefits of scale and operational efficiency we have achieved as Annaly continues to grow and diversify."

Financial Performance

The following table summarizes certain key performance indicators as of and for the quarters ended March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018:

                       
     

March 31,
2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

March 31,
2018

Book value per common share $ 9.67 $ 9.39 $ 10.53
Economic leverage at period-end (1)

7.0:1

7.0:1 6.5:1
GAAP net income (loss) per average common share (2) $ (0.63 ) $ (1.74 ) 1.12
Annualized GAAP return (loss) on average equity (22.72 %) (62.05 %) 36.86 %
Net interest margin (3) 1.25 % 1.34 % 1.94 %
Average yield on interest earning assets (4) 3.15 % 3.21 % 3.45 %
Average cost of interest bearing liabilities (5) 2.15 % 2.22 % 1.90 %
Net interest spread 1.00 % 0.99 % 1.55 %
Core earnings metrics *
Core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share (2)(6) $ 0.29 $ 0.29 $ 0.30
Core earnings per average common share (2)(6) $ 0.23 $ 0.26 $ 0.41
PAA cost (benefit) per average common share $ 0.06 $ 0.03 $ (0.11 )
Annualized core return on average equity (excluding PAA) 11.59 % 11.48 % 10.70 %
Net interest margin (excluding PAA) (3) 1.51 % 1.49 % 1.52 %
Average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA) (4) 3.45 % 3.38 % 2.99 %
Net interest spread (excluding PAA)       1.30 %   1.16 %   1.09 %
*   Represents non-GAAP financial measures. Please refer to the "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section for additional information.
(1) Computed as the sum of recourse debt, to-be-announced ("TBA") derivative and CMBX notional outstanding and net forward purchases (sales) of investments divided by total equity. Recourse debt consists of repurchase agreements and other secured financing (excluding certain non-recourse credit facilities). Securitized debt, certain credit facilities (included within other secured financing) and mortgages payable are non-recourse to the Company and are excluded from this measure.
(2) Net of dividends on preferred stock.
(3) Net interest margin represents the sum of the Company's interest income plus TBA dollar roll income and CMBX coupon income less interest expense and the net interest component of interest rate swaps divided by the sum of average interest earning assets plus average TBA contract and CMBX balances. Net interest margin (excluding PAA) excludes the premium amortization adjustment ("PAA") representing the cumulative impact on prior periods, but not the current period, of quarter-over-quarter changes in estimated long-term prepayment speeds related to the Company’s Agency mortgage-backed securities.
(4) Average yield on interest earning assets represents annualized interest income divided by average interest earning assets. Average interest earning assets reflects the average amortized cost of our investments during the period. Average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA) is calculated using annualized interest income (excluding PAA).
(5) Average cost of interest bearing liabilities represents annualized economic interest expense divided by average interest bearing liabilities. Average interest bearing liabilities reflects the average amortized cost during the period. Economic interest expense is comprised of GAAP interest expense and the net interest component of interest rate swaps.
(6) Beginning with the quarter ended September 30, 2018, the Company updated its calculation of core earnings and related metrics to reflect changes to its portfolio composition and operations, including the acquisition of MTGE Investment Corp. (MTGE) in September 2018. Refer to the section titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for a complete discussion of core earnings and core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share, and other non-GAAP financial measures. Prior period results have not been adjusted to conform to the revised calculation as the impact in each of those periods is not material.
 

Other Information

This news release and our public documents to which we refer contain or incorporate by reference certain forward-looking statements which are based on various assumptions (some of which are beyond our control) and may be identified by reference to a future period or periods or by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as "may," "will," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "continue," or similar terms or variations on those terms or the negative of those terms. Actual results could differ materially from those set forth in forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, changes in interest rates; changes in the yield curve; changes in prepayment rates; the availability of mortgage-backed securities and other securities for purchase; the availability of financing and, if available, the terms of any financing; changes in the market value of our assets; changes in business conditions and the general economy; our ability to grow our commercial real estate business; our ability to grow our residential credit business; our ability to grow our middle market lending business; credit risks related to our investments in credit risk transfer securities, residential mortgage-backed securities and related residential mortgage credit assets, commercial real estate assets and corporate debt; risks related to investments in mortgage servicing rights; our ability to consummate any contemplated investment opportunities; changes in government regulations or policy affecting our business; our ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes; and our ability to maintain our exemption from registration under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. For a discussion of the risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, see "Risk Factors" in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. We do not undertake, and specifically disclaim any obligation, to publicly release the result of any revisions which may be made to any forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements, except as required by law.

Annaly is a leading diversified capital manager that invests in and finances residential and commercial assets. Annaly’s principal business objective is to generate net income for distribution to its stockholders and to preserve capital through prudent selection of investments and continuous management of its portfolio. Annaly has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes. Annaly is externally managed by Annaly Management Company LLC. Additional information on the Company can be found at www.annaly.com.

Annaly routinely posts important information for investors on the Company’s website, www.annaly.com. Annaly intends to use this webpage as a means of disclosing material, non-public information, for complying with the Company’s disclosure obligations under Regulation FD and to post and update investor presentations and similar materials on a regular basis. Annaly encourages investors, analysts, the media and others interested in Annaly to monitor the Company’s website, in addition to following Annaly’s press releases, SEC filings, public conference calls, presentations, webcasts and other information it posts from time to time on its website. To sign-up for email-notifications, please visit the "Email Alerts" section of our website, www.annaly.com, under the "Investors" section and enter the required information to enable notifications. The information contained on, or that may be accessed through, the Company’s webpage is not incorporated by reference into, and is not a part of, this document.

The Company prepares a supplemental investor presentation and a financial summary for the benefit of its shareholders. Both the First Quarter 2019 Investor Presentation and the First Quarter 2019 Financial Summary can be found at the Company’s website (www.annaly.com) in the Investors section under Investor Presentations.

Conference Call

The Company will hold the first quarter 2019 earnings conference call on May 2, 2019 at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Participants are encouraged to pre-register for the conference call to receive a unique PIN to gain immediate access to the call and bypass the live operator. Pre-registration may be completed by accessing the Pre-Registration link found on the homepage or "Investors" section of the Company's website at www.annaly.com, or by using the following link: http://dpregister.com/10130887.

Pre-registration may be completed at any time, including up to and after the call start time.

For participants who would like to join the call but have not pre-registered, access is available by dialing 844-763-8274 within the U.S., or 412-717-9224 internationally, and requesting the "Annaly Earnings Call."

There will also be an audio webcast of the call on www.annaly.com. A replay of the call will be available for one week following the conference call. The replay number is 877-344-7529 for domestic calls and 412-317-0088 for international calls and the conference passcode is 10130887. If you would like to be added to the e-mail distribution list, please visit www.annaly.com, click on Investors, then select Email Alerts and complete the email notification form.

Financial Statements

             
ANNALY CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
                         

March 31,
2019

December 31,
2018 (1)

September 30,
2018

June 30,
2018

March 31,
2018

(unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,522,605 $ 1,735,749 $ 1,082,747 $ 1,135,329 $ 984,275
Securities 104,993,271 92,623,788 91,338,611 88,478,689 90,539,192
Loans, net 3,879,324 4,585,975 4,224,203 3,692,172 3,208,617
Mortgage servicing rights 500,745 557,813 588,833 599,014 596,378
Assets transferred or pledged to securitization vehicles 4,365,300 3,833,200 4,287,821 3,066,270 3,256,621
Real estate, net 734,239 739,473 753,014 477,887 480,063
Derivative assets 148,178 200,503 404,841 212,138 230,302
Reverse repurchase agreements 523,449 650,040 1,234,704 259,762 200,459
Receivable for unsettled trades 1,574,251 68,779 1,266,840 21,728 45,126
Interest receivable 390,930 357,365 347,278 323,769 326,989
Goodwill and intangible assets, net 98,551 100,854 103,043 91,009 92,763
Other assets 441,706   333,988   329,868   475,230   421,448  
Total assets $ 119,172,549   $ 105,787,527   $ 105,961,803   $ 98,832,997   $ 100,382,233  
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Liabilities
Repurchase agreements $ 88,554,170 $ 81,115,874 $ 79,073,026 $ 75,760,655 $ 78,015,431
Other secured financing 4,144,623 4,183,311 4,108,547 3,760,487 3,830,075
Debt issued by securitization vehicles 3,693,766 3,347,062 3,799,542 2,728,692 2,904,873
Mortgages payable 510,386 511,056 511,588 309,878 309,794
Derivative liabilities 775,980 889,750 379,794 494,037 580,941
Payable for unsettled trades 4,763,376 583,036 2,505,428 1,108,834 91,327
Interest payable 424,391 570,928 399,605 478,439 284,696
Dividends payable 434,431 394,129 102,811 349,300 347,897
Other liabilities 89,982   74,580   125,606   68,819   74,264  
Total liabilities 103,391,105   91,669,726   91,005,947   85,059,141   86,439,298  
Stockholders’ equity
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share (2) 1,778,168 1,778,168 1,778,168 1,723,168 1,723,168
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share (3) 14,481 13,138 13,031 11,643 11,597
Additional paid-in capital 20,112,875 18,794,331 18,793,706 17,268,596 17,218,191
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (319,376 ) (1,979,865 ) (3,822,956 ) (3,434,447 ) (3,000,080 )
Accumulated deficit (5,809,931 ) (4,493,660 ) (1,811,955 ) (1,800,370 ) (2,015,612 )
Total stockholders’ equity 15,776,217 14,112,112 14,949,994 13,768,590 13,937,264
Noncontrolling interests 5,227   5,689   5,862   5,266   5,671  
Total equity 15,781,444   14,117,801   14,955,856   13,773,856   13,942,935  
Total liabilities and equity $ 119,172,549   $ 105,787,527   $ 105,961,803   $ 98,832,997   $ 100,382,233  
                                             
(1)   Derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2018.
(2) 7.625% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock - Includes 7,000,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018. Includes 12,000,000 shares authorized and 7,000,000 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018.
7.50% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock - Includes 18,400,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding.
7.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock - Includes 0 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018. Includes 11,500,000 shares authorized and 0 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018.
6.95% Series F Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock - Includes 28,800,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding.
6.50% Series G Fixed-to-Floating Rate Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock - Includes 19,550,000 shares authorized and 17,000,000 shares issued and outstanding.8.125% Series H Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock - Includes 2,200,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018. Includes 0 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018.
(3) Includes 1,924,050,000 shares authorized and 1,448,103,248 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2019. Includes 1,924,050,000 shares authorized and 1,313,763,450 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018. Includes 1,924,050,000 shares authorized and 1,303,079,555 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018. Includes 1,909,750,000 shares authorized and 1,164,333,831 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018. Includes 1,909,750,000 shares authorized and 1,159,657,350 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018.
 
 
ANNALY CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
      For the quarters ended

March 31,
2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

September 30,
2018

 

June 30,
2018

 

March 31,
2018

Net interest income
Interest income $ 866,186 $ 859,674 $ 816,596 $ 776,806 $ 879,487
Interest expense 647,695   586,774   500,973   442,692   367,421  
Net interest income 218,491   272,900   315,623   334,114   512,066  
Realized and unrealized gains (losses)
Net interest component of interest rate swaps 134,035 65,889 51,349 31,475 (48,160 )
Realized gains (losses) on termination or maturity of interest rate swaps (588,256 ) 575 834
Unrealized gains (losses) on interest rate swaps (390,556 ) (1,313,882 ) 417,203   343,475   977,285  
Subtotal (844,777 ) (1,247,993 ) 469,127   374,950   929,959  
Net gains (losses) on disposal of investments (93,916 ) (747,505 ) (324,294 ) (66,117 ) 13,468
Net gains (losses) on other derivatives (115,159 ) (484,872 ) 94,827 34,189 (47,145 )
Net unrealized gains (losses) on instruments measured at fair value through earnings 47,629 (18,169 ) (39,944 ) (48,376 ) (51,593 )
Loan loss provision (5,703 ) (3,496 )      
Subtotal (167,149 ) (1,254,042 ) (269,411 ) (80,304 ) (85,270 )
Total realized and unrealized gains (losses) (1,011,926 ) (2,502,035 ) 199,716   294,646   844,689  
Other income (loss) 30,502 52,377 (10,643 ) 34,170 34,023
General and administrative expenses
Compensation and management fee 44,833 43,750 45,983 45,579 44,529
Other general and administrative expenses 38,904   33,323   80,526   18,202   17,981  
Total general and administrative expenses 83,737   77,073   126,509   63,781   62,510  
Income (loss) before income taxes (846,670 ) (2,253,831 ) 378,187 599,149 1,328,268
Income taxes 2,581   1,041   (7,242 ) 3,262   564  
Net income (loss) (849,251 ) (2,254,872 ) 385,429 595,887 1,327,704
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests (101 ) 17   (149 ) (32 ) (96 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Annaly (849,150 ) (2,254,889 ) 385,578 595,919 1,327,800
Dividends on preferred stock 32,494   32,494   31,675   31,377   33,766  
Net income (loss) available (related) to common stockholders $ (881,644 ) $ (2,287,383 ) $ 353,903   $ 564,542   $ 1,294,034  
Net income (loss) per share available (related) to common stockholders
Basic $ (0.63 ) $ (1.74 ) $ 0.29 $ 0.49 $ 1.12
Diluted $ (0.63 ) $ (1.74 ) $ 0.29 $ 0.49 $ 1.12
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
Basic 1,398,614,205 1,314,377,748 1,202,353,851 1,160,436,777 1,159,617,848
Diluted 1,398,614,205 1,314,377,748 1,202,353,851 1,160,979,451 1,160,103,185
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Net income (loss) $ (849,251 ) $ (2,254,872 ) $ 385,429   $ 595,887   $ 1,327,704  
Unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities 1,599,398 1,100,052 (719,609 ) (505,130 ) (1,879,479 )
Reclassification adjustment for net (gains) losses included in net income (loss) 61,091   743,039   331,100   70,763   5,419  
Other comprehensive income (loss) 1,660,489   1,843,091   (388,509 ) (434,367 ) (1,874,060 )
Comprehensive income (loss) 811,238 (411,781 ) (3,080 ) 161,520 (546,356 )
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests (101 ) 17   (149 ) (32 ) (96 )
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Annaly 811,339 (411,798 ) (2,931 ) 161,552 (546,260 )
Dividends on preferred stock 32,494   32,494   31,675   31,377   33,766  
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders $ 778,845     $ (444,292 ) $ (34,606 ) $ 130,175   $ (580,026 )
                                             

Key Financial Data

The following table presents key metrics of the Company’s portfolio, liabilities and hedging positions, and performance as of and for the quarters ended March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018, and March 31, 2018:

                       
      March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
  March 31,
2018
Portfolio related metrics
Fixed-rate Residential Securities as a percentage of total Residential Securities 94 % 93 % 91 %
Adjustable-rate and floating-rate Residential Securities as a percentage of total Residential Securities 6 % 7 % 9 %
Weighted average experienced CPR for the period 7.3 % 7.9 % 8.9 %
Weighted average projected long-term CPR at period-end 11.6 % 10.1 % 9.2 %
Liabilities and hedging metrics
Weighted average days to maturity on repurchase agreements outstanding at period-end 72 77 72
Hedge ratio (1) 85 % 94 % 94 %
Weighted average pay rate on interest rate swaps at period-end (2) 2.20 % 2.17 % 2.00 %
Weighted average receive rate on interest rate swaps at period-end (2) 2.66 % 2.68 % 2.13 %
Weighted average net rate on interest rate swaps at period-end (2) (0.46 %) (0.51 %) (0.13 %)
Leverage at period-end (3) 6.1:1 6.3:1 6.1:1
Economic leverage at period-end (4) 7.0:1 7.0:1 6.5:1
Capital ratio at period-end 12.0 % 12.1 % 13.1 %
Performance related metrics
Book value per common share $ 9.67 $ 9.39 $ 10.53
GAAP net income (loss) per average common share (5) $ (0.63 ) $ (1.74 ) $ 1.12
Annualized GAAP return (loss) on average equity (22.72 %) (62.05 %) 36.86 %
Net interest margin 1.25 % 1.34 % 1.94 %
Average yield on interest earning assets (6) 3.15 % 3.21 % 3.45 %
Average cost of interest bearing liabilities (7) 2.15 % 2.22 % 1.90 %
Net interest spread 1.00 % 0.99 % 1.55 %
Dividend declared per common share $ 0.30 $ 0.30 $ 0.30
Annualized dividend yield (8) 12.01 % 12.22 % 11.51 %
Core earnings metrics *
Core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share (5) $ 0.29 $ 0.29 $ 0.30
Core earnings per average common share (5) $ 0.23 $ 0.26 $ 0.41
PAA cost (benefit) per average common share $ 0.06 $ 0.03 $ (0.11 )
Annualized core return on average equity (excluding PAA) 11.59 % 11.48 % 10.70 %
Net interest margin (excluding PAA) 1.51 % 1.49 % 1.52 %
Average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA) (6) 3.45 % 3.38 % 2.99 %
Net interest spread (excluding PAA)       1.30 %   1.16 %   1.09 %
        *   Represents non-GAAP financial measures. Please refer to the ‘Non-GAAP Financial Measures’ section for additional information.
(1) Measures total notional balances of interest rate swaps, interest rate swaptions and futures relative to repurchase agreements, other secured financing and TBA notional outstanding; excludes MSRs and the effects of term financing, both of which serve to reduce interest rate risk. Additionally, the hedge ratio does not take into consideration differences in duration between assets and liabilities.
(2) Excludes forward starting swaps.
(3) Debt consists of repurchase agreements, other secured financing, securitized debt and mortgages payable. Certain credit facilities (included within other secured financing), securitized debt and mortgages payable are non-recourse to the Company.
(4) Computed as the sum of recourse debt, TBA derivative and CMBX notional outstanding and net forward purchases of investments divided by total equity.
(5) Net of dividends on preferred stock.
(6) Average yield on interest earning assets represents annualized interest income divided by average interest earning assets. Average interest earning assets reflects the average amortized cost of our investments during the period. Average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA) is calculated using annualized interest income (excluding PAA).
(7) Average cost of interest bearing liabilities represents annualized economic interest expense divided by average interest bearing liabilities. Average interest bearing liabilities reflects the average amortized cost during the period. Economic interest expense is comprised of GAAP interest expense and the net interest component of interest rate swaps.
(8) Based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock of $9.99, $9.82 and $10.43 at March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively.
 

The following table contains additional information on our residential and commercial investments as of the dates presented:

         
      For the quarters ended
March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
  March 31,
2018
Agency mortgage-backed securities $ 103,093,526 $ 90,752,995 $ 88,579,097
Credit risk transfer securities 607,945 552,097 628,942
Non-agency mortgage-backed securities 1,116,569 1,161,938 1,066,343
Commercial mortgage-backed securities 175,231 156,758 264,810
Total securities $ 104,993,271 $ 92,623,788 $ 90,539,192
Residential mortgage loans $ 1,311,720 $ 1,359,806 $ 974,577
Commercial real estate debt and preferred equity 722,962 1,296,803 1,081,295
Corporate debt 1,758,082 1,887,182 1,152,745
Loans held for sale 86,560 42,184
Total loans, net $ 3,879,324 $ 4,585,975 $ 3,208,617
Mortgage servicing rights $ 500,745 $ 557,813 $ 596,378
Residential mortgage loans transferred or pledged to securitization vehicles $ 1,425,668 $ 1,094,831 $ 561,108
Commercial real estate debt transferred or pledged to securitization vehicles 2,939,632 2,738,369 2,695,513
Assets transferred or pledged to securitization vehicles $ 4,365,300 $ 3,833,200 $ 3,256,621
Real estate, net $ 734,239 $ 739,473 $ 480,063
Total residential and commercial investments $ 114,472,879 $ 102,340,249 $ 98,080,871
                       

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Beginning with the quarter ended September 30, 2018, the Company updated its calculation of core earnings and related metrics to reflect changes to its portfolio composition and operations, including the acquisition of MTGE Investment Corp. in September 2018. Compared to prior periods, the revised definition of core earnings includes coupon income (expense) on CMBX positions (reported in Net gains (losses) on other derivatives) and excludes depreciation and amortization expense on real estate and related intangibles (reported in Other income (loss)), non-core income (loss) allocated to equity method investments (reported in Other income (loss)) and the income tax effect of non-core income (loss) (reported in Income taxes). Prior period results have not been adjusted to conform to the revised calculation as the impact in each of those periods is not material.

To supplement its consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), the Company provides the following non-GAAP measures:

• core earnings and core earnings (excluding PAA);

     

• interest income (excluding PAA);

• core earnings attributable to common stockholders and core earnings attributable to common stockholders (excluding PAA);

• economic interest expense;

• core earnings and core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share;

• economic net interest income (excluding PAA);

• annualized core return on average equity (excluding PAA);

• average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA);

 

• net interest margin (excluding PAA); and

 

• net interest spread (excluding PAA).

 

These measures should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures computed in accordance with GAAP. While intended to offer a fuller understanding of the Company’s results and operations, non-GAAP financial measures also have limitations. For example, the Company may calculate its non-GAAP metrics, such as core earnings, or the PAA, differently than its peers making comparative analysis difficult. Additionally, in the case of non-GAAP measures that exclude the PAA, the amount of amortization expense excluding the PAA is not necessarily representative of the amount of future periodic amortization nor is it indicative of the term over which the Company will amortize the remaining unamortized premium. Changes to actual and estimated prepayments will impact the timing and amount of premium amortization and, as such, both GAAP and non-GAAP results.

These non-GAAP measures provide additional detail to enhance investor understanding of the Company’s period-over-period operating performance and business trends, as well as for assessing the Company’s performance versus that of industry peers. Additional information pertaining to the Company’s use of these non-GAAP financial measures, including discussion of how each such measure may be useful to investors, and reconciliations to their most directly comparable GAAP results are provided below.

Core earnings and core earnings (excluding PAA), core earnings attributable to common stockholders and core earnings attributable to common stockholders (excluding PAA), core earnings and core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share and annualized core return on average equity (excluding PAA)

The Company's principal business objective is to generate net income for distribution to its stockholders and to preserve capital through prudent selection of investments and continuous management of its portfolio. The Company generates net income by earning a net interest spread on its investment portfolio, which is a function of interest income from its investment portfolio less financing, hedging and operating costs. Core earnings, which is defined as the sum of (a) economic net interest income, (b) TBA dollar roll income and CMBX coupon income, (c) realized amortization of MSRs, (d) other income (loss) (excluding depreciation and amortization expense on real estate and related intangibles, non-core income allocated to equity method investments and other non-core components of other income (loss)), (e) general and administrative expenses (excluding transaction expenses and non-recurring items) and (f) income taxes (excluding the income tax effect of non-core income (loss) items), and core earnings (excluding PAA), which is defined as core earnings excluding the premium amortization adjustment representing the cumulative impact on prior periods, but not the current period, of quarter-over-quarter changes in estimated long-term prepayment speeds related to the Company’s Agency mortgage-backed securities, are used by the Company's management and, the Company believes, used by analysts and investors to measure its progress in achieving its principal business objective.

The Company seeks to fulfill this objective through a variety of factors including portfolio construction, the degree of market risk exposure and related hedge profile, and the use and forms of leverage, all while operating within the parameters of the Company's capital allocation policy and risk governance framework.

The Company believes these non-GAAP measures provide management and investors with additional details regarding the Company’s underlying operating results and investment portfolio trends by (i) making adjustments to account for the disparate reporting of changes in fair value where certain instruments are reflected in GAAP net income (loss) while others are reflected in other comprehensive income (loss), and (ii) by excluding certain unrealized, non-cash or episodic components of GAAP net income (loss) in order to provide additional transparency into the operating performance of the Company’s portfolio. Annualized core return on average equity (excluding PAA), which is calculated by dividing core earnings (excluding PAA) over average stockholders’ equity, provides investors with additional detail on the core earnings generated by the Company’s invested equity capital.

The following table presents a reconciliation of GAAP financial results to non-GAAP core earnings for the periods presented:

         
      For the quarters ended
March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
  March 31,
2018
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
GAAP net income (loss) $ (849,251 ) $ (2,254,872 ) $ 1,327,704
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests (101 ) 17   (96 )
Net income (loss) attributable to Annaly (849,150 ) (2,254,889 ) 1,327,800
Adjustments to exclude reported realized and unrealized (gains) losses
Realized (gains) losses on termination or maturity of interest rate swaps 588,256 (834 )
Unrealized (gains) losses on interest rate swaps 390,556 1,313,882 (977,285 )
Net (gains) losses on disposal of investments 93,916 747,505 (13,468 )
Net (gains) losses on other derivatives 115,159 484,872 47,145
Net unrealized (gains) losses on instruments measured at fair value through earnings (47,629 ) 18,169 51,593
Loan loss provision 5,703 3,496
Adjustments to exclude components of other (income) loss
Depreciation and amortization expense related to commercial real estate 10,114 11,000
Non-core (income) loss allocated to equity method investments (1) 9,496 (10,307 )
Adjustments to exclude components of general and administrative expenses and income taxes
Transaction expenses and non-recurring items (2) 9,982 3,816 1,519
Income tax effect of non-core income (loss) items 726 3,334
Adjustments to add back components of realized and unrealized (gains) losses
TBA dollar roll income and CMBX coupon income (3) 38,134 69,572 88,353
MSR amortization (4) (13,979 ) (18,753 ) (21,156 )
Core earnings * 351,284 371,697 503,667
Less:
Premium amortization adjustment cost (benefit) 81,871   45,472   (118,395 )
Core earnings (excluding PAA) * $ 433,155   $ 417,169   $ 385,272  
     
Dividends on preferred stock 32,494   32,494   33,766  
Core earnings attributable to common stockholders * $ 318,790   $ 339,203   $ 469,901  
Core earnings attributable to common stockholders (excluding PAA) * $ 400,661   $ 384,675   $ 351,506  
GAAP net income (loss) per average common share $ (0.63 ) $ (1.74 ) $ 1.12
Core earnings per average common share * $ 0.23 $ 0.26 $ 0.41
Core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share * $ 0.29 $ 0.29 $ 0.30
Annualized GAAP return (loss) on average equity (22.72 %) (62.05 %) 36.86 %
Annualized core return on average equity (excluding PAA) *       11.59 %   11.48 %   10.70 %
        *   Represents a non-GAAP financial measure.
(1) Beginning with the quarter ended September 30, 2018, the Company excludes non-core (income) loss allocated to equity method investments, which represents the unrealized (gains) losses allocated to equity interests in a portfolio of MSR, which is a component of Other income (loss). The quarter ended December 31, 2018 also includes a realized gain on sale within an unconsolidated joint venture, which is a component of Other income (loss).
(2) Represents costs incurred in connection with securitizations of residential whole loans. The quarter ended March 31, 2019 also includes costs incurred in connection with the securitization of commercial loans. The quarter ended December 31, 2018 also includes costs incurred in connection with the MTGE transaction.
(3) TBA dollar roll income and CMBX coupon income each represent a component of Net gains (losses) on other derivatives. CMBX coupon income totaled $1.1 million and $1.2 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. There were no adjustments for CMBX coupon income prior to September 30, 2018.
(4) MSR amortization represents the portion of changes in fair value that is attributable to the realization of estimated cash flows on the Company’s MSR portfolio and is reported as a component of Net unrealized gains (losses) on instruments measured at fair value.
 

From time to time, the Company enters into TBA forward contracts as an alternate means of investing in and financing Agency mortgage-backed securities. A TBA contract is an agreement to purchase or sell, for future delivery, an Agency mortgage-backed security with a specified issuer, term and coupon. A TBA dollar roll represents a transaction where TBA contracts with the same terms but different settlement dates are simultaneously bought and sold. The TBA contract settling in the later month typically prices at a discount to the earlier month contract with the difference in price commonly referred to as the "drop". The drop is a reflection of the expected net interest income from an investment in similar Agency mortgage-backed securities, net of an implied financing cost, that would be foregone as a result of settling the contract in the later month rather than in the earlier month. The drop between the current settlement month price and the forward settlement month price occurs because in the TBA dollar roll market, the party providing the financing is the party that would retain all principal and interest payments accrued during the financing period. Accordingly, TBA dollar roll income generally represents the economic equivalent of the net interest income earned on the underlying Agency mortgage-backed security less an implied financing cost.

TBA dollar roll transactions are accounted for under GAAP as a series of derivatives transactions. The fair value of TBA derivatives is based on methods similar to those used to value Agency mortgage-backed securities. The Company records TBA derivatives at fair value on its Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition and recognizes periodic changes in fair value as Net gains (losses) on other derivatives in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss), which includes both unrealized and realized gains and losses on derivatives (excluding interest rate swaps).

TBA dollar roll income is calculated as the difference in price between two TBA contracts with the same terms but different settlement dates multiplied by the notional amount of the TBA contract. Although accounted for as derivatives, TBA dollar rolls capture the economic equivalent of net interest income, or carry, on the underlying Agency mortgage-backed security (interest income less an implied cost of financing). TBA dollar roll income is reported as a component of Net gains (losses) on other derivatives in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).

The CMBX index is a synthetic tradable index referencing a basket of 25 commercial mortgage-backed securities ("CMBS") of a particular rating and vintage. The CMBX index allows investors to take a long exposure (referred to as selling protection) or short exposure (referred to as buying protection) on the respective basket of CMBS securities and is structured as a "pay-as-you-go" contract whereby the protection buyer pays to the protection seller a standardized running coupon on the contracted notional amount. The Company reports income (expense) on CMBX positions in Net gains (losses) on other derivatives in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). The coupon payments received or paid on CMBX positions are equivalent to interest income (expense) and therefore included in core earnings.

Premium Amortization Expense

In accordance with GAAP, the Company amortizes or accretes premiums or discounts into interest income for its Agency mortgage-backed securities, excluding interest-only securities, multifamily and reverse mortgages, taking into account estimates of future principal prepayments in the calculation of the effective yield. The Company recalculates the effective yield as differences between anticipated and actual prepayments occur. Using third-party model and market information to project future cash flows and expected remaining lives of securities, the effective interest rate determined for each security is applied as if it had been in place from the date of the security’s acquisition. The amortized cost of the security is then adjusted to the amount that would have existed had the new effective yield been applied since the acquisition date. The adjustment to amortized cost is offset with a charge or credit to interest income. Changes in interest rates and other market factors will impact prepayment speed projections and the amount of premium amortization recognized in any given period.

The Company’s GAAP metrics include the unadjusted impact of amortization and accretion associated with this method. Certain of the Company’s non-GAAP metrics exclude the effect of the PAA, which quantifies the component of premium amortization representing the cumulative impact on prior periods, but not the current period, of quarter-over-quarter changes in estimated long-term CPR.

The following table illustrates the impact of the PAA on premium amortization expense for the Company’s Residential Securities portfolio for the quarters ended March 31, 2019, December 31, 2018, and March 31, 2018:

                             
      For the quarters ended
March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
  March 31,
2018
(dollars in thousands)
Premium amortization expense (accretion) $ 247,446 $ 220,131 $ 95,832
Less: PAA cost (benefit) 81,871   45,472   (118,395 )
Premium amortization expense (excluding PAA) $ 165,575   $ 174,659   $ 214,227  
                             
                 
For the quarters ended
March 31,
2019
December 31,
2018
March 31,
2018
(per average common share)
Premium amortization expense (accretion) $ 0.18 $ 0.17 $ 0.08
Less: PAA cost (benefit) (1) 0.06   0.03   (0.11 )
Premium amortization expense (excluding PAA) $ 0.12   $ 0.14   $ 0.19  
                             
                    (1)   The Company separately calculates core earnings per average common share and core earnings (excluding PAA) per average common share, with the difference between these two per share amounts attributed to the PAA cost (benefit) per average common share. As such, the reported value of the PAA cost (benefit) per average common share may not reflect the result of dividing the PAA cost (benefit) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding due to rounding.
 

Interest income (excluding PAA), economic interest expense and economic net interest income (excluding PAA)

Interest income (excluding PAA) represents interest income excluding the effect of the PAA, and serves as the basis for deriving average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA), net interest spread (excluding PAA) and net interest margin (excluding PAA), which are discussed below. The Company believes this measure provides management and investors with additional detail to enhance their understanding of the Company’s operating results and trends by excluding the component of premium amortization expense representing the cumulative impact on prior periods, but not the current period, of quarter-over-quarter changes in estimated long-term prepayment speeds related to the Company’s Agency mortgage-backed securities (other than interest-only securities), which can obscure underlying trends in the performance of the portfolio.

Economic interest expense includes GAAP interest expense and the net interest component of interest rate swaps. The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its exposure to changing interest rates on its repurchase agreements by economically hedging cash flows associated with these borrowings. Accordingly, adding the net interest component of interest rate swaps to interest expense, as computed in accordance with GAAP, reflects the total contractual interest expense and thus, provides investors with additional information about the cost of the Company's financing strategy.

Similarly, economic net interest income (excluding PAA), as computed below, provides investors with additional information to enhance their understanding of the net economics of our primary business operations.

                                     
      For the quarters ended
March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
  March 31,
2018
Interest income (excluding PAA) reconciliation (dollars in thousands)
GAAP interest income $ 866,186 $ 859,674 $ 879,487
Premium amortization adjustment 81,871   45,472   (118,395 )
Interest income (excluding PAA) * $ 948,057   $ 905,146   $ 761,092  
Economic interest expense reconciliation
GAAP interest expense $ 647,695 $ 586,774 $ 367,421
Add:
Net interest component of interest rate swaps (134,035 ) (65,889 ) 48,160  
Economic interest expense * $ 513,660   $ 520,885   $ 415,581  
Economic net interest income (excluding PAA) reconciliation
Interest income (excluding PAA) * $ 948,057 $ 905,146 $ 761,092
Less:
Economic interest expense * 513,660   520,885   415,581  
Economic net interest income (excluding PAA) * $ 434,397   $ 384,261   $ 345,511  
                             
                            * Represents a non-GAAP financial measure.
 

Average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA), net interest spread (excluding PAA) and net interest margin (excluding PAA)

Net interest spread (excluding PAA), which is the difference between the average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA) and the average cost of interest bearing liabilities, and net interest margin (excluding PAA), which is calculated as the sum of interest income (excluding PAA) plus TBA dollar roll income and CMBX coupon income less interest expense and the net interest component of interest rate swaps divided by the sum of average interest earning assets plus average TBA contract and CMBX balances, provide management with additional measures of the Company’s profitability that management relies upon in monitoring the performance of the business.

Disclosure of these measures, which are presented below, provides investors with additional detail regarding how management evaluates the Company’s performance.

                                       
      For the quarters ended
March 31,
2019
  December 31,
2018
  March 31,
2018
Economic metrics (excluding PAA) (dollars in thousands)
Average interest earning assets $ 109,946,527 $ 107,232,861 $ 101,979,042
Interest income (excluding PAA) * $ 948,057 $ 905,146 $ 761,092
Average yield on interest earning assets (excluding PAA) * 3.45 % 3.38 % 2.99 %
Average interest bearing liabilities $ 95,529,819 $ 91,746,160 $ 87,376,452
Economic interest expense * $ 513,660 $ 520,885 $ 415,581
Average cost of interest bearing liabilities 2.15 % 2.22 % 1.90 %
Economic net interest income (excluding PAA) * $ 434,397 $ 384,261 $ 345,511
Net interest spread (excluding PAA) * 1.30 % 1.16 % 1.09 %
Interest income (excluding PAA) * $ 948,057 $ 905,146 $ 761,092
TBA dollar roll income and CMBX coupon income 38,134 69,572 88,353
Interest expense (647,695 ) (586,774 ) (367,421 )
Net interest component of interest rate swaps 134,035   65,889   (48,160 )
Subtotal $ 472,531   $ 453,833   $ 433,864  
Average interest earnings assets $ 109,946,527 $ 107,232,861 $ 101,979,042
Average TBA contract and CMBX balances 14,927,490   14,788,453   12,050,341  
Subtotal $ 124,874,017 $ 122,021,314 $ 114,029,383
Net interest margin (excluding PAA) *       1.51 %   1.49 %   1.52 %
                              *   Represents a non-GAAP financial measure.

https://cts.businesswire.com/ct/CT?id=bwnews&sty=20190501005941r1&sid=acqr7&distro=nx&lang=en

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20190501005941/en/

Annaly Capital Management, Inc.
Investor Relations
1-888-8Annaly
www.annaly.com

Source: Annaly Capital Management, Inc.

Copyright Business Wire 2019