Starwood Property Trust: The Election Means Everything

Dec. 09, 2019 9:44 AM ETStarwood Property Trust, Inc. (STWD)18 Comments16 Likes

Summary

  • Barry Sternlicht’s Starwood Property is a professionally managed company and a consistent dividend payer.
  • Of late, the stock has been hit by news of its regional malls not doing well and the possibility of its WeWork loan going bad.
  • The election will likely determine future prospects.
  • I do much more than just articles at The Lead-Lag Report: Members get access to model portfolios, regular updates, a chat room, and more. Get started today »

It’s tangible, it’s solid, it’s beautiful. It’s artistic, from my standpoint, and I just love real estate. ~ Donald Trump

Real estate mogul Barry Sternlicht’s Starwood Property Trust reported solid earnings of $153 million ($0.52 per share) for Q3 2019. Of this, $109 million was contributed by the company’s Commercial and Residential Lending unit.

This event has passed, and though Starwood (NYSE:STWD) looks bullish on the monthly charts, every investor would be keen to know what the future holds because 2020 is expected to be a volatile year, full of surprises.

01Starwood.jpg

Here’s my analysis of what 2020 has in store for Starwood:

The WeWork Lord & Taylor Building Financing Deal

WeWork paid $850M for the entire Lord & Taylor 660K SF building (424, Fifth Avenue, NY). The rent agreed on was $105 per SF, way over the existing $80 per SF in the area. Starwood Property along with a couple of other lenders financed the deal. Starwood financed $229 million (of the $500 million first mortgage loan), and the entire $150 million senior mezzanine loan. There's also a $250 million junior mezzanine loan, that’s subordinated to Starwood.

Now what will happen if WeWork declares bankruptcy in 2020? That’s the question haunting investors.

Here’s the possible outcome:

  1. Starwood is covered with a 15-year corporate guarantee from WeWork, and it’s going to be tough to walk away from it.
  1. Andrew Sossen, Starwood’s COO, opines that there’s a solid demand for the space and that the company has already been approached to buy their note. Starwood is still deciding whether it wants to sell or not.
  2. Jeff DiModica, Starwood’s President, says that even if the tenant stops being a going concern, and the office has to be re-let at $30 lower, Starwood would still walk away with a near-70% loan-to-value and a debt yield of almost 7%.

The reasoning assures us that the loan will remain good even if WeWork goes bankrupt. This should soothe shareholder’s frayed nerves.

The Dems are Coming?

Barry Sternlicht’s very nervous about the Democrats winning 2020. If it plays out, he fears that tax rates on the wealthy will rise, making them leave cities like San Francisco and New York. With the moneybags gone, and with the population shrinking, it’s going to be a tough ask running properties profitably. He also cites the removal of deductions from the blue states as a red alert.

Starwood has already started factoring in this risk into its lending plans. If the Democrats win, Starwood will lie low – there’s no other option.

Trouble in Store

04Starwood.jpg

eCommerce has spread its tentacles and is choking the physical retail industry. Returns are down to 1.75% in 2019 from 13.7% in 2014.

And, well, Starwood is majorly into commercial real estate lending and retail represents a nice little chunk of business. However, Starwood’s current yields are majorly diverging from the industry average: its wholly owned assets enjoy a blended cash yield of 13% (for Q3 2019), and the average occupancy this year was steady at 97%. Looks good, but shareholders must track this space.

The LIBOR Advantage

Starwood’s lending is benchmarked to the LIBOR rate. The company makes money with every move in the LIBOR rate. If the rate moves up, Starwood makes a little money, and when it moves down, the company makes a lot of money.

03Starwood.jpg

LIBOR rates have dropped from 3.12% to 2.35% in the last 12 months, and the momentum is towards south. This is incrementally profitable news for the company.

Unrealized Gains of $800 Million

Per Starwood’s internal valuation, their property portfolio (currently valued at $3 billion) has an embedded gain of $800+ million over its carrying value. That’s good to know because if a black swan lands, the company’s asset prices will keep it going.

The Mall at Wellington Green

Starwood Capital Group’s Starwood Retail Partners bought the mall in 2014 for $341.1 million and Starwood Property Trust owns a part of it. In 2019, one of its key anchor tenants (Nordstrom) exited and the property value has since dropped to $170 million.

Starwood Property Trust has proposed redevelopment tweaks to bring back the buzz. Building a crystal lagoon, multifamily units, restaurants, entertainment space, hotel, and a beach around the lagoon has been proposed. It’s a complicated situation and it’s still up in the air. As I write this piece, there are reports that the loan has been sent for special servicing.

Summing Up

There’s good news and there’s bad news.

Low interest rates, an embedded gain of $800 million in owned properties, greater participation by Middle East investors after the Aramco IPO, risk planning, the LIBOR rate benchmarking, and a careful lending program - all look good.

On the flipside, risks to the retail industry because of ecommerce, The Wellington Mall issue, the absence of Chinese (due to the on-going trade war) are the negatives.

Contingent events such as the Democrats or Republicans winning 2020 will impact the company negatively or positively, respectively.

So, should you buy Starwood Property Trust (STWD) now? I'll let you know in 2021.

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This article was written by

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